Illumination. Illumination CMSC 435/634


 Mabel Little
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Illumination CMSC 435/634
2 Illumination Interpolation
3 Illumination Illumination Interpolation
4 Illumination Illumination Effect of light on objects Mostly look just at intensity Apply to each color channel independently Good for most objects Not fluorescent Not phosphorescent
5 Illumination Local vs. Global Local Light sources shining directly on object Global Lights bouncing from objects onto other objects Ambient Illumination Approximate global illumination as constant color Typically 1% of direct illumination
6 Illumination BRDF Rendering Equation Models Interpolation
7 BRDF BRDF Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function How much light reflects from L i to L o Surface normal L o Outgoing radiance v^ n^ L i l^ x Incoming radiance
8 BRDF Physically Plausible BRDF Positive Reciprocity Same light from L i to L o as from L o to L i Conservation of Energy Don t reflect more energy than comes in Surface L i Incoming normal radiance L o Outgoing radiance v^ n^ l^ x
9 BRDF Plotting BRDFs Polar plot of reflectance strength For one view direction, showing light directions For one light direction, showing view directions Reciprocity same if you swap view and light
10 Rendering Equation Rendering Equation Integral of all Incoming Light L o (ˆv) = L i (ˆl) f r (ˆv,ˆl) ˆn ˆl dω(ˆl) Parts of this equation: Ω(ˆn) L o (ˆv) Ω(ˆn) L i (ˆl) f r (ˆv,ˆl) ˆn ˆl dω(ˆl) outgoing light in direction ˆv hemisphere above ˆn that can see this point incoming light from direction ˆl BRDF from ˆl to ˆv projection of differential solid angle onto surface
11 Rendering Equation Rendering Equation for Point Lights Sum for Each Light L o (ˆv) = i L i f r (ˆv,ˆl i ) ˆn ˆl i Parts of this equation: L o (ˆv) outgoing light in direction ˆv i lights that can see this point (where ˆn ˆl i > 0) ˆl i light direction to light i L i incoming light for light i f r (ˆv,ˆl) BRDF from ˆl i to ˆv
12 Rendering Equation Results Integrating full environment Light at one point, black elsewhere
13 Rendering Equation Decomposing BRDFs Decompose BRDF into convenient parts Typical breakdown: Diffuse (view independent) Specular (view dependent near reflection) Others less common, often ignored (e.g. retro reflection) + = L o (ˆv) = i ) L i (f d (ˆv,ˆl i ) + f s (ˆv,ˆl i ) ˆn ˆl i L o (ˆv) = i L i f d (ˆv,ˆl i ) ˆn ˆl i + i L i f s (ˆv,ˆl i ) ˆn ˆl i
14 Models Important directions ˆn: Unit surface normal
15 Models Important directions ˆv: Unit vector from surface toward viewer
16 Models Important directions ˆl: Unit vector from surface toward light
17 Models Important directions ˆR v = 2ˆn(ˆn ˆv) ˆv: Direction of mirror reflection of view
18 Models Important directions ˆR l = 2ˆn(ˆn ˆl) ˆl: Direction of mirror reflection of light
19 Models Important directions ĥ = (ˆv + ˆl)/ ˆv + ˆl : Normal direction that would reflect ˆv to ˆl
20 Models Diffuse Also called Lambertian or Matte Total reflectance: i L i Kd ˆn ˆl i BRDF: Kd
21 Models Phong Strongest where ˆR l lines up with ˆv or ˆR v lines up with ˆl Total reflectance: i L i Ks ( ˆR v ˆl i ) e Physically plausible version: i L i Ks ( ˆR v ˆl i ) e ˆn ˆl With energyconserving Ks
22 Models Specular Microfacets Imagine random mirrored microfacets Normal Distribution Function (NDF) Probability facet has normal ĥ Only facets to reflect ˆl to ˆv Proportion of light or view blocked (geometry term) Blocked light = shadowing Blocked view = masking Fresnel term Reflection from nonmetals is stronger at glancing angles
23 Models CookTorrance Beckmann Distribution = Gaussian distribution of slope Shadow/Mask based on symmetric Vshaped microfacets BRDF: D(ˆn, ĥ) G(ˆn,ˆv,ˆl) 4 ˆn ˆv ˆn ˆl F (ˆv,ˆl), Total reflectance: i L i Ks D(ˆn, ĥ i ) G(ˆn,ˆv,ˆl i ) 4 ˆn ˆv ˆn ˆl F (ˆv, ˆl i ) ˆn ˆl
24 Models BlinnPhong Alternate formulation for Phong, similar behavior Strongest where ĥ lines up with ˆn Function of ĥ, behaves like NDF Total reflectance (original form): i L i Ks (ˆn ĥ i ) e As NDF: D(ˆn, ĥ i ) = e+2 2π (ˆn ĥ i ) e
25 Interpolation Illumination Interpolation
26 Interpolation When to Compute Gouraud Shading = Compute pervertex & interpolate Lose sharp highlights Subject to Mach banding Phong Shading = Interpolate normals & compute perpixel Gouraud Phong
27 Interpolation Phong Shading Phong shading can refer to lighting model or interpolation To save confusion: Phong lighting Phong interpolation
CMSC427 Shading Intro. Credit: slides from Dr. Zwicker
CMSC427 Shading Intro Credit: slides from Dr. Zwicker 2 Today Shading Introduction Radiometry & BRDFs Local shading models Light sources Shading strategies Shading Compute interaction of light with surfaces
More informationCS 5625 Lec 2: Shading Models
CS 5625 Lec 2: Shading Models Kavita Bala Spring 2013 Shading Models Chapter 7 Next few weeks Textures Graphics Pipeline Light Emission To compute images What are the light sources? Light Propagation Fog/Clear?
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Computer Graphics COMP 770 (236) Spring 2007 Instructor: Brandon Lloyd 2/14/07 1 From last time Texture mapping overview notation wrapping Perspectivecorrect interpolation Texture
More informationCS5620 Intro to Computer Graphics
So Far wireframe hidden surfaces Next step 1 2 Light! Need to understand: How lighting works Types of lights Types of surfaces How shading works Shading algorithms What s Missing? Lighting vs. Shading
More informationShading, lighting, & BRDF Theory. Cliff Lindsay, PHD
Shading, lighting, & BRDF Theory Cliff Lindsay, PHD Overview of today s lecture BRDF Characteristics Lights in terms of BRDFs Classes of BRDFs Ambient light & Shadows in terms of BRDFs Decomposing Reflection
More informationLecture 4: Reflection Models
Lecture 4: Reflection Models CS 660, Spring 009 Kavita Bala Computer Science Cornell University Outline Light sources Light source characteristics Types of sources Light reflection Physicsbased models
More informationrendering equation computer graphics rendering equation 2009 fabio pellacini 1
rendering equation computer graphics rendering equation 2009 fabio pellacini 1 physicallybased rendering synthesis algorithms that compute images by simulation the physical behavior of light computer
More informationRadiance. Radiance properties. Radiance properties. Computer Graphics (Fall 2008)
Computer Graphics (Fall 2008) COMS 4160, Lecture 19: Illumination and Shading 2 http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~cs4160 Radiance Power per unit projected area perpendicular to the ray per unit solid angle in
More informationCPSC 314 LIGHTING AND SHADING
CPSC 314 LIGHTING AND SHADING UGRAD.CS.UBC.CA/~CS314 slide credits: Mikhail Bessmeltsev et al 1 THE RENDERING PIPELINE Vertices and attributes Vertex Shader Modelview transform Pervertex attributes Vertex
More informationTopic 9: Lighting & Reflection models 9/10/2016. Spot the differences. Terminology. Two Components of Illumination. Ambient Light Source
Topic 9: Lighting & Reflection models Lighting & reflection The Phong reflection model diffuse component ambient component specular component Spot the differences Terminology Illumination The transport
More informationHow do we draw a picture?
1 How do we draw a picture? Define geometry. Now what? We can draw the edges of the faces. Wireframe. We can only draw the edges of faces that are visible. We can fill in the faces. Giving each object
More informationCSE 167: Lecture #7: Color and Shading. Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2011
CSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #7: Color and Shading Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2011 Announcements Homework project #3 due this Friday,
More informationRaytracing CS148 AS3. Due :59pm PDT
Raytracing CS148 AS3 Due 20100725 11:59pm PDT We start our exploration of Rendering  the process of converting a highlevel objectbased description of scene into an image. We will do this by building
More informationHere I ll present a brief summary of the important aspects and then dive into improvements we made on Black Ops II.
We started pursuing Physically Based Shading during Black Ops, details of which I presented at SIGGRAPH 2011, as part of the Advances in RealTime Rendering course. Here I ll present a brief summary of
More informationColor and Light. CSCI 4229/5229 Computer Graphics Summer 2008
Color and Light CSCI 4229/5229 Computer Graphics Summer 2008 Solar Spectrum Human Trichromatic Color Perception Are A and B the same? Color perception is relative Transmission,Absorption&Reflection Light
More informationLecture 22: Basic Image Formation CAP 5415
Lecture 22: Basic Image Formation CAP 5415 Today We've talked about the geometry of scenes and how that affects the image We haven't talked about light yet Today, we will talk about image formation and
More informationLighting affects appearance
Lighting affects appearance 1 Source emits photons Light And then some reach the eye/camera. Photons travel in a straight line When they hit an object they: bounce off in a new direction or are absorbed
More informationCENG 477 Introduction to Computer Graphics. Ray Tracing: Shading
CENG 477 Introduction to Computer Graphics Ray Tracing: Shading Last Week Until now we learned: How to create the primary rays from the given camera and image plane parameters How to intersect these rays
More informationRadiometry & BRDFs CS295, Spring 2017 Shuang Zhao
Radiometry & BRDFs CS295, Spring 2017 Shuang Zhao Computer Science Department University of California, Irvine CS295, Spring 2017 Shuang Zhao 1 Today s Lecture Radiometry Physics of light BRDFs How materials
More informationLighting and Shading. Slides: Tamar Shinar, Victor Zordon
Lighting and Shading Slides: Tamar Shinar, Victor Zordon Why we need shading Suppose we build a model of a sphere using many polygons and color each the same color. We get something like But we want 2
More informationIllumination & Shading
Illumination & Shading Goals Introduce the types of lightmaterial interactions Build a simple reflection modelthe Phong model that can be used with real time graphics hardware Why we need Illumination
More informationLighting affects appearance
Lighting affects appearance 1 Source emits photons Light And then some reach the eye/camera. Photons travel in a straight line When they hit an object they: bounce off in a new direction or are absorbed
More informationRendering Light Reflection Models
Rendering Light Reflection Models Visual Imaging in the Electronic Age Donald P. Greenberg October 3, 2017 Lecture #13 Program of Computer Graphics, Cornell University General Electric  167 Cornell in
More informationsurface: reflectance transparency, opacity, translucency orientation illumination: location intensity wavelength pointsource, diffuse source
walters@buffalo.edu CSE 480/580 Lecture 18 Slide 1 Illumination and Shading Light reflected from nonluminous objects depends on: surface: reflectance transparency, opacity, translucency orientation illumination:
More informationComputer Graphics. Illumination and Shading
() Illumination and Shading Dr. Ayman Eldeib Lighting So given a 3D triangle and a 3D viewpoint, we can set the right pixels But what color should those pixels be? If we re attempting to create a realistic
More informationSurface Reflection Models
Surface Reflection Models Frank Losasso (flosasso@nvidia.com) Introduction One of the fundamental topics in lighting is how the light interacts with the environment. The academic community has researched
More informationComp 410/510 Computer Graphics. Spring Shading
Comp 410/510 Computer Graphics Spring 2017 Shading Why we need shading Suppose we build a model of a sphere using many polygons and then color it using a fixed color. We get something like But we rather
More informationShading & Material Appearance
Shading & Material Appearance ACM. All rights reserved. This content is excluded from our Creative Commons license. For more information, see http://ocw.mit.edu/help/faqfairuse/. MIT EECS 6.837 Matusik
More informationFundamentals of Rendering  Reflectance Functions
Fundamentals of Rendering  Reflectance Functions Image Synthesis Torsten Möller Mike Phillips Reading Chapter 8 of Physically Based Rendering by Pharr&Humphreys Chapter 16 in Foley, van Dam et al. Chapter
More informationExperimental Validation of Analytical BRDF Models
Experimental Validation of Analytical BRDF Models Addy Ngan, Frédo Durand, Wojciech Matusik Massachusetts Institute of Technology Goal Evaluate and analyze the performance of analytical reflectance models
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Illumination and Shading z Illumination Models y Ambient y Diffuse y Attenuation y Specular Reflection z Interpolated Shading Models y Flat, Gouraud, Phong y Problems CS4451: Fall
More informationFundamentals of Rendering  Reflectance Functions
Fundamentals of Rendering  Reflectance Functions CMPT 461/761 Image Synthesis Torsten Möller Reading Chapter 8 of Physically Based Rendering by Pharr&Humphreys Chapter 16 in Foley, van Dam et al. Chapter
More informationBackground: Physics and Math of Shading
Background: Physics and Math of Shading Naty Hoffman 2K Hi. Over the next 25 minutes or so I ll be going from the physics underlying shading, to the math used to describe it in the kind of shading models
More informationrendering equation computer graphics rendering equation 2009 fabio pellacini 1
rendering equation computer graphics rendering equation 2009 fabio pellacini 1 phsicallbased rendering snthesis algorithms that compute images b simulation the phsical behavior of light computer graphics
More informationLight Sources. Spotlight model
lecture 12 Light Sources sunlight (parallel) Sunny day model : "point source at infinity"  lighting  materials: diffuse, specular, ambient spotlight  shading: Flat vs. Gouraud vs Phong light bulb ambient
More informationAnnouncement. Lighting and Photometric Stereo. Computer Vision I. Surface Reflectance Models. Lambertian (Diffuse) Surface.
Lighting and Photometric Stereo CSE252A Lecture 7 Announcement Read Chapter 2 of Forsyth & Ponce Might find section 12.1.3 of Forsyth & Ponce useful. HW Problem Emitted radiance in direction f r for incident
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Light sources emit intensity: assigns intensity to each wavelength of light Humans perceive as a colour  navy blue, light green, etc. Exeriments show that there are distinct I
More informationComputer Graphics. Shading. Based on slides by Dianna Xu, Bryn Mawr College
Computer Graphics Shading Based on slides by Dianna Xu, Bryn Mawr College Image Synthesis and Shading Perception of 3D Objects Displays almost always 2 dimensional. Depth cues needed to restore the third
More informationShaders. Oscar. 1/43 Apodaca and Gritz, Advanced RenderMan
Shaders Oscar 1/43 Apodaca and Gritz, Advanced RenderMan Pixel Color Irradiance measures the power per unit area hitting a pixel E = න L i cos θ i dω i (obtained by integrating an equation form last class)
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Illumination (Lighting)! Model the interaction of light with surface points to determine their final color and brightness! The illumination can be computed either at vertices or
More informationLIGHTING AND SHADING
DH2323 DGI15 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND INTERACTION LIGHTING AND SHADING Christopher Peters HPCViz, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden chpeters@kth.se http://kth.academia.edu/christopheredwardpeters
More informationx ~ Hemispheric Lighting
Irradiance and Incoming Radiance Imagine a sensor which is a small, flat plane centered at a point ~ x in space and oriented so that its normal points in the direction n. This sensor can compute the total
More informationCS Illumination and Shading. Slide 1
CS 112  Illumination and Shading Slide 1 Illumination/Lighting Interaction between light and surfaces Physics of optics and thermal radiation Very complex: Light bounces off several surface before reaching
More informationThe Rasterization Pipeline
Lecture 5: The Rasterization Pipeline Computer Graphics and Imaging UC Berkeley CS184/284A, Spring 2016 What We ve Covered So Far z x y z x y (0, 0) (w, h) Position objects and the camera in the world
More informationImage Formation: Light and Shading. Introduction to Computer Vision CSE 152 Lecture 3
Image Formation: Light and Shading CSE 152 Lecture 3 Announcements Homework 1 is due Apr 11, 11:59 PM Homework 2 will be assigned on Apr 11 Reading: Chapter 2: Light and Shading Geometric image formation
More informationTurn on the Lights: Reflectance
Turn on the Lights: Reflectance Part 2: Shading Tuesday, October 15 2012 Lecture #14 Goal of Shading Model simple light sources Point light sources Extended light sources Ambient lighting Model lighting
More informationThe Rasterization Pipeline
Lecture 5: The Rasterization Pipeline Computer Graphics and Imaging UC Berkeley What We ve Covered So Far z x y z x y (0, 0) (w, h) Position objects and the camera in the world Compute position of objects
More informationIntroduction to Computer Graphics. Farhana Bandukwala, PhD Lecture 14: Light Interacting with Surfaces
Introduction to Computer Graphics Farhana Bandukwala, PhD Lecture 14: Light Interacting with Surfaces Outline Computational tools Reflection models Polygon shading Computation tools Surface normals Vector
More informationShading and Illumination
Shading and Illumination OpenGL Shading Without Shading With Shading Physics Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) f r (ω i,ω ) = dl(ω ) L(ω i )cosθ i dω i = dl(ω ) L(ω i )( ω i n)dω
More informationCSE 681 Illumination and Phong Shading
CSE 681 Illumination and Phong Shading Physics tells us What is Light? We don t see objects, we see light reflected off of objects Light is a particle and a wave The frequency of light What is Color? Our
More information9. Illumination and Shading
9. Illumination and Shading Approaches for visual realism:  Remove hidden surfaces  Shade visible surfaces and reproduce shadows  Reproduce surface properties Texture Degree of transparency Roughness,
More informationGlobal Illumination. Global Illumination. Direct Illumination vs. Global Illumination. Indirect Illumination. Soft Shadows.
CSCI 480 Computer Graphics Lecture 18 Global Illumination BRDFs Raytracing and Radiosity Subsurface Scattering Photon Mapping [Ch. 13.413.5] March 28, 2012 Jernej Barbic University of Southern California
More informationCEng 477 Introduction to Computer Graphics Fall
Illumination Models and SurfaceRendering Methods CEng 477 Introduction to Computer Graphics Fall 2007 2008 Illumination Models and Surface Rendering Methods In order to achieve realism in computer generated
More informationInterpolation using scanline algorithm
Interpolation using scanline algorithm Idea: Exploit knowledge about already computed color values. Traverse projected triangle topdown using scanline. Compute start and end color value of each pixel
More informationECS 175 COMPUTER GRAPHICS. Ken Joy.! Winter 2014
ECS 175 COMPUTER GRAPHICS Ken Joy Winter 2014 Shading To be able to model shading, we simplify Uniform Media no scattering of light Opaque Objects No Interreflection Point Light Sources RGB Color (eliminating
More informationPhysicallyBased Reflectance for Games
PhysicallyBased Reflectance for Games 10:3011:15: Reflectance Rendering with Point Lights Naty Hoffman & Dan Baker 60 Reflectance Rendering with Point Lights Analytical BRDFs (Naty & Dan) Other Types
More informationThe Halfway Vector Disk for BRDF Modeling
The Halfway Vector Disk for BRDF Modeling DAVE EDWARDS, SOLOMON BOULOS, JARED JOHNSON and PETER SHIRLEY University of Utah MICHAEL ASHIKHMIN State University of New York, Stony Brook MICHAEL STARK University
More informationComputergrafik. Matthias Zwicker Universität Bern Herbst 2016
Computergrafik Matthias Zwicker Universität Bern Herbst 2016 Today More shading Environment maps Reflection mapping Irradiance environment maps Ambient occlusion Reflection and refraction Toon shading
More informationLecture 7  Path Tracing
INFOMAGR Advanced Graphics Jacco Bikker  November 2016  February 2017 Lecture 7  I x, x = g(x, x ) ε x, x + S ρ x, x, x I x, x dx Welcome! Today s Agenda: Introduction Advanced Graphics 3 Introduction
More informationIllumination and Shading ECE 567
Illumination and Shading ECE 567 Overview Lighting Models Ambient light Diffuse light Specular light Shading Models Flat shading Gouraud shading Phong shading OpenGL 2 Introduction To add realism to drawings
More informationGlobal Illumination. COMP 575/770 Spring 2013
Global Illumination COMP 575/770 Spring 2013 Final Exam and Projects COMP 575 Final Exam Friday, May 3 4:00 pm COMP 770 (and 575 extra credit) Projects Final report due by end of day, May 1 Presentations:
More informationLecture outline Graphics and Interaction Surface rendering and shading. Shading techniques. Introduction. Surface rendering and shading
Lecture outline 433324 Graphics and Interaction Surface rendering and shading Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering The Introduction Surface rendering and shading Gouraud shading Phong
More informationCSE 167: Lecture #8: GLSL. Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2012
CSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #8: GLSL Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2012 Announcements Homework project #4 due Friday, November 2 nd Introduction:
More informationExtending the Disney BRDF to a BSDF with Integrated Subsurface Scattering. Brent Burley Walt Disney Animation Studios
The 42nd International Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques Extending the Disney BRDF to a BSDF with Integrated Subsurface Scattering Brent Burley Walt Disney Animation
More informationA Brief Overview of. Global Illumination. Thomas Larsson, Afshin Ameri Mälardalen University
A Brief Overview of Global Illumination Thomas Larsson, Afshin Ameri Mälardalen University 1 What is Global illumination? Global illumination is a general name for realistic rendering algorithms Global
More informationGlossy Reflection. Objectives Modeling
25 Glossy Reflection 25.1 Modeling 25.2 Implementation 25.3 Results Objectives By the end of this chapter, you should: understand what glossy reflection is; understand how it can be modeled in ray tracing;
More informationAcquisition and Representation of Material. Appearance for Editing and Rendering
Acquisition and Representation of Material Appearance for Editing and Rendering Jason Davis Lawrence A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of Princeton University in Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor
More informationCMSC 435/634: Introduction to Graphics
CMSC 435/634: Introduction to Graphics Final Exam December 16, 2002 Instructions: Clearly write your name on this sheet. Answer each problem in the space provided. If you need extra space, write on extra
More information03 RENDERING PART TWO
03 RENDERING PART TWO WHAT WE HAVE SO FAR: GEOMETRY AFTER TRANSFORMATION AND SOME BASIC CLIPPING / CULLING TEXTURES AND MAPPING MATERIAL VISUALLY DISTINGUISHES 2 OBJECTS WITH IDENTICAL GEOMETRY FOR NOW,
More informationBackground: Physics and Math of Shading
Background: Physics and Math of Shading by Naty Hoffman In this section of the course notes, we will go over the fundamentals behind physically based shading models, starting with a qualitative description
More informationBackground: Physics and Math of Shading
Background: Physics and Math of Shading by Naty Hoffman In this section of the course notes, we will go over the fundamentals behind physically based shading models, starting with a qualitative description
More informationRecall: Basic Ray Tracer
1 Recall: Ray Tracing Generate an image by backwards tracing the path of light through pixels on an image plane Simulate the interaction of light with objects Recall: Basic Ray Tracer Trace a primary ray
More informationObjectives. Continue discussion of shading Introduce modified Phong model Consider computation of required vectors
Objectives Continue discussion of shading Introduce modified Phong model Consider computation of required vectors 1 Lambertian Surface Perfectly diffuse reflector Light scattered equally in all directions
More informationWhy we need shading?
Why we need shading? Suppose we build a model of a sphere using many polygons and color it with glcolor. We get something like But we want Lightmaterial interactions cause each point to have a different
More informationMotivation. Monte Carlo Path Tracing. Monte Carlo Path Tracing. Monte Carlo Path Tracing. Monte Carlo Path Tracing
Advanced Computer Graphics (Spring 2013) CS 283, Lecture 11: Monte Carlo Path Tracing Ravi Ramamoorthi http://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cs283/sp13 Motivation General solution to rendering and global illumination
More informationCGT520 Lighting. Lighting. Tvertices. Normal vector. Color of an object can be specified 1) Explicitly as a color buffer
CGT520 Lighting Lighting Color of an object can be specified 1) Explicitly as a color buffer Bedrich Benes, Ph.D. Purdue University Department of Computer Graphics 2) Implicitly from the illumination model.
More informationSo far, we have considered only local models of illumination; they only account for incident light coming directly from the light sources.
11 11.1 Basics So far, we have considered only local models of illumination; they only account for incident light coming directly from the light sources. Global models include incident light that arrives
More informationMaterials & Shadows. Steve Rotenberg CSE168: Rendering Algorithms UCSD, Winter 2017
Materials & Shadows Steve Rotenberg CSE168: Rendering Algorithms UCSD, Winter 2017 Diffuse Surfaces In an earlier lecture, we discussed diffuse surfaces We looked at the idealized Lambertian diffuse case
More informationShading , Fall 2004 Nancy Pollard Mark Tomczak
15462, Fall 2004 Nancy Pollard Mark Tomczak Shading Shading Concepts Shading Equations Lambertian, Gouraud shading Phong Illumination Model Nonphotorealistic rendering [Shirly, Ch. 8] Announcements Written
More informationLecture 10: Shading Languages. Kayvon Fatahalian CMU : Graphics and Imaging Architectures (Fall 2011)
Lecture 10: Shading Languages Kayvon Fatahalian CMU 15869: Graphics and Imaging Architectures (Fall 2011) Review: role of shading languages Renderer handles surface visibility tasks  Examples: clip,
More informationCMSC427 Advanced shading getting global illumination by local methods. Credit: slides Prof. Zwicker
CMSC427 Advanced shading getting global illumination by local methods Credit: slides Prof. Zwicker Topics Shadows Environment maps Reflection mapping Irradiance environment maps Ambient occlusion Reflection
More informationLighting and Shading Computer Graphics I Lecture 7. Light Sources Phong Illumination Model Normal Vectors [Angel, Ch
15462 Computer Graphics I Lecture 7 Lighting and Shading February 12, 2002 Frank Pfenning Carnegie Mellon University http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~fp/courses/graphics/ Light Sources Phong Illumination Model
More informationObjectives Shading in OpenGL. Front and Back Faces. OpenGL shading. Introduce the OpenGL shading methods. Discuss polygonal shading
Objectives Shading in OpenGL Introduce the OpenGL shading methods  per vertex shading vs per fragment shading  Where to carry out Discuss polygonal shading  Flat  Smooth  Gouraud CITS3003 Graphics
More information2/1/10. Outline. The Radiance Equation. Light: Flux Equilibrium. Light: Radiant Power. Light: Equation. Radiance. Jan Kautz
Outline Jan Kautz Basic terms in radiometry Radiance Reflectance The operator form of the radiance equation Meaning of the operator form Approximations to the radiance equation 2005 Mel Slater, 2006 Céline
More informationRaytracing & Epsilon. Today. Last Time? Forward Ray Tracing. Does Ray Tracing Simulate Physics? Local Illumination
Raytracing & Epsilon intersects light @ t = 25.2 intersects sphere1 @ t = 0.01 & Monte Carlo Ray Tracing intersects sphere1 @ t = 10.6 Solution: advance the ray start position epsilon distance along the
More informationComputer Graphics I. Assignment 3
UNIVERSITÄT DES SAARLANDES Dr.Ing. Hendrik P.A. Lensch Max Planck Institut Informatik Art Tevs (tevs@mpiinf.mpg.de) Boris Ajdin (bajdin@mpiinf.mpg.de) Matthias Hullin (hullin@mpiinf.mpg.de) 12. November
More informationSpherical Harmonic Lighting: The Gritty Details Robin Green
Spherical Harmonic Lighting: The Gritty Details Robin Green R&D Programmer Sony Computer Entertainment America What This Talk Is About Advanced Lecture Explicit equations will be shown This talk is one
More informationMathematical Tools in Computer Graphics with C# Implementations Table of Contents
Mathematical Tools in Computer Graphics with C# Implementations by Hardy Alexandre, WilliHans Steeb, World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated, 2008 Table of Contents List of Figures Notation
More informationWorking with the BCC Bump Map Generator
Working with the BCC Bump Map Generator Bump mapping is used to create three dimensional detail on an image based on the luminance information in the image. The luminance value of each pixel of the image
More informationPrecomputed Radiance Transfer: Theory and Practice
1 Precomputed Radiance Transfer: PeterPike Sloan Microsoft Jaakko Lehtinen Helsinki Univ. of Techn. & Remedy Entertainment Jan Kautz MIT 2 Introduction Jan Kautz MIT 3 Introduction We see here an example
More informationCS 4620 Midterm, March 21, 2017
CS 460 Midterm, March 1, 017 This 90minute exam has 4 questions worth a total of 100 points. Use the back of the pages if you need more space. Academic Integrity is expected of all students of Cornell
More informationCSE 167: Lecture #8: Lighting. Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2011
CSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #8: Lighting Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2011 Announcements Homework project #4 due Friday, October 28 Introduction:
More informationWe want to put a CG object in this room
The Problem Temporally varying lighting What if we rearrange the furniture frequently? Mirror surfaces Diffuse surfaces We want to put a CG object in this room Are we allowed to put light probes on the
More informationOrthogonal Projection Matrices. Angel and Shreiner: Interactive Computer Graphics 7E AddisonWesley 2015
Orthogonal Projection Matrices 1 Objectives Derive the projection matrices used for standard orthogonal projections Introduce oblique projections Introduce projection normalization 2 Normalization Rather
More informationIllumination Models and SurfaceRendering Methods. Chapter 10
Illumination Models and SurfaceRendering Methods Chapter 10 Illumination and Surface Rendering Given scene specifications object positions, optical properties of the surface, viewer position, viewing
More informationNormal Distribution Mapping
Normal Distribution Mapping Marc Olano Michael North University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract: Normal distribution mapping is an extension of traditional texture mapping methods to normal and
More informationLessons Learned from HW4. Shading. Objectives. Why we need shading. Shading. Scattering
Lessons Learned from HW Shading CS Interactive Computer Graphics Prof. David E. Breen Department of Computer Science Only have an idle() function if something is animated Set idle function to NULL, when
More informationPhotorealism: Ray Tracing
Photorealism: Ray Tracing Reading Assignment: Chapter 13 Local vs. Global Illumination Local Illumination depends on local object and light sources only Global Illumination at a point can depend on any
More informationØ Sampling Theory" Ø Fourier Analysis Ø Antialiasing Ø Supersampling Strategies" Ø The Hall illumination model. Ø Original ray tracing paper
CS 431/636 Advanced Rendering Techniques Ø Dr. David Breen Ø Korman 105D Ø Wednesday 6PM 8:50PM Presentation 6 5/16/12 Questions from ast Time? Ø Sampling Theory" Ø Fourier Analysis Ø Antialiasing Ø Supersampling
More informationComputer Graphics. Lecture 10. Global Illumination 1: Ray Tracing and Radiosity. Taku Komura 12/03/15
Computer Graphics Lecture 10 Global Illumination 1: Ray Tracing and Radiosity Taku Komura 1 Rendering techniques Can be classified as Local Illumination techniques Global Illumination techniques Local
More information