 Rasterization. Geometry. Scan Conversion. Rasterization


 Candice Pierce
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Computer Graphics  The graphics pipeline  Geometry Modelview Geometry Processing Lighting Perspective Clipping Scan Conversion Texturing Fragment Tests Blending Framebuffer Fragment Processing  So far, projection of vertices into view space (done in the geometry stage)  Now, conversion of geometric primitives into fragments  Fragment:  Represents a point of geometry  Has color, texcoord, depth etc.  Associated with a pixel  But not yet a pixel (not stored in the framebuffer)  Scan conversion of geometric primitives  For each covered pixel a fragment is generated  Attributes like color, depth, texture coordinates etc. are generated from projected vertex attributes  During fragment generation OpenGL states, e.g. shading model, line width, polygon mode etc. are taken into account  Pixel:  Color of a pixel in the framebuffer  of geometric data Geometry processing Vertex transformation Lighting Clipping... Screen coord (X,Y) Depth (z) Color (RGBα) TexCoords (u,v,w)... Fragment Processing Texturing Perfragment tests Perfragment comparison Blending...  of triangles  Using OpenGL, everything is broken into triangles  Find all fragments covered by a triangle // most simple rasterizer Rasterize(vertex v[3]) { int x, y; bbox b; getbbox(v,, &b); for (y= b.ymin; ; y < b.ymax; ; y++) for (x= b.xmin; ; x < b.xmax; ; x++) if (inside(v,, x, y)) fragment(x,y); }
2  Scanline algorithm  Edge table:  Stores list of all edges in increasing y min order y min, x min, y max, dx/dy  Active edge table:  Contains all edges that intersect current scanline in increasing xorder x, y max, dx/dy  Scanline algorithm scanconvert(vertex v0, v,... vn) { AEL = NULL; foreach(scanline y) { remove edges from AEL with y max y; foreach(edge AEL) x = x + dx/dy; insert edges into AEL with y min == y; sort AEL by increasing x; draw scanline segments xx, x3x4,... } }  Once a fragment is generated, pervertex attributes need to be assigned properly  Determination of color and other properties for all pixels along a scanline is called Shading  This is done via interpolation (see exercise for more information) wire frame scanline v 0 v v  Flat shading  Per surface (polygon) lighting  Take normal of one distinct vertex as triangle normal  Constant color for polygon  Mach band effect flat shading
3  Smooth or Gouraud shading (97)  Idea: better quality by respecting color variations on the polygon  Per vertex lighting  Linear interpolation of color using barycentric interpolation in triangles  In object space during raytracing  In screen space during scan conversion (OpenGL)  How to determine barycentric coordinates efficiently for every pixel A a D a C P E B a D = A + ( C A) a + a a a = A C a a + + a + a a a = A + C a + a a + a  Similar  Similar C C A a a b b b D P E E = B + C b + b b + b b B A a a b c c D P E P = D + E c + c c + c c c b B Gouraud shading Polygon shading  Does this algorithm work for polygons, i.e. non triangles? 3
4  Problems of Gouraud shading:  Loosing surface structure  No internal highlights  Phong shading (975): higher quality shading by interpolating normals rather than colors  Evaluates lighting model for every pixel Has to be done in object space Not supported by OpenGL Phong shading  Shading problems  Smooth surfaces, but polygonal borders (silhouette)  Inconsistencies in vertices  Tvertex (hanging node)  OpenGL shading Phong lighting Gouraud shading Phong lighting and shading  Scan conversion of primitives scanline v 0 Interpolation of pervertex attributes along scanlines v v z Depth values: nonlinear in [Z near, Z far ] due to perspective projection Z near Z far 4
5  For perspective views,, linear interpolation of vertex parameters like color, texcoords, normals in screen space leads to wrong results  Linear (left( left) ) and rational linear (right) interpolation of texture coordinates in screen space Wrong interpolation in screen space P a A P A=0.5 Line with parameters P 0,P at vertices viewpoint P b B P =0.5 (P + P ) viewplane P B=0.5 P  Texture interpolation without perspective correction  Refinement in,4,64 Quads (=,8,8 Tris)  Relationship between spaces in CG Objectaffine spaces Screenaffine spaces Object space World space Texture space (u,v) Homogeneous screen space (xw,yw,w) divby/w divbyw Homogeneous texture space (u/w,v/w,/w) Screen space (x,y)  Perspective correction (given:a,b; looking for A,B) a b P ' P = P + P ; P = a + b a + b w A B Aw + Bw P ' = P ' + P ' w = A + B A + B A + B ap ' / w + bp ' / w AP ' + BP ' P = = A = a + b Aw + Bw a / wp ' + b / w P ' P ' = a / w + b / w a w, B = b w Interpolate x/w, y/w, z/w, /w and divide through /w per pixel  (Wrong) algorithm for polygon rendering with linear interpolation  Associate parameters p,...,p n with each vertex  vertex object space coords to homogeneous screen space coords (xw,yw,zw,w)  Perform homogeneous division (x,y,z,)  Scan convert in screen space by linear interpolation of all parameters 5
6  (Correct) algorithm for polygon rendering with linear interpolation Next: fragment processing  Operations on fragments before the become pixels  Associate parameters p,...,p n with each vertex  vertex object space coords to homogeneous screen space coords (xw,yw,zw,w)  At each vertex construct variable list (x,y,z,s,...,s n+ ) with s i =p i /w, s n+ =/w  Scan convert in screen space by linear interpolation of all parameters; ; at each pixel compute p i =s i /s /s n+ Geometry Scan Conversion Modelview Texturing Geometry Processing Lighting Fragment Tests Perspective Blending Clipping Framebuffer Fragment Processing 6
Pipeline Operations. CS 4620 Lecture 10
Pipeline Operations CS 4620 Lecture 10 2008 Steve Marschner 1 Hidden surface elimination Goal is to figure out which color to make the pixels based on what s in front of what. Hidden surface elimination
More informationPipeline Operations. CS 4620 Lecture 14
Pipeline Operations CS 4620 Lecture 14 2014 Steve Marschner 1 Pipeline you are here APPLICATION COMMAND STREAM 3D transformations; shading VERTEX PROCESSING TRANSFORMED GEOMETRY conversion of primitives
More informationPipeline Operations. CS 4620 Lecture Steve Marschner. Cornell CS4620 Spring 2018 Lecture 11
Pipeline Operations CS 4620 Lecture 11 1 Pipeline you are here APPLICATION COMMAND STREAM 3D transformations; shading VERTEX PROCESSING TRANSFORMED GEOMETRY conversion of primitives to pixels RASTERIZATION
More informationRasterization Overview
Rendering Overview The process of generating an image given a virtual camera objects light sources Various techniques rasterization (topic of this course) raytracing (topic of the course Advanced Computer
More informationCS4620/5620: Lecture 14 Pipeline
CS4620/5620: Lecture 14 Pipeline 1 Rasterizing triangles Summary 1! evaluation of linear functions on pixel grid 2! functions defined by parameter values at vertices 3! using extra parameters to determine
More informationScanline Rendering 2 1/42
Scanline Rendering 2 1/42 Review 1. Set up a Camera the viewing frustum has near and far clipping planes 2. Create some Geometry made out of triangles 3. Place the geometry in the scene using Transforms
More informationCS 130 Final. Fall 2015
CS 130 Final Fall 2015 Name Student ID Signature You may not ask any questions during the test. If you believe that there is something wrong with a question, write down what you think the question is trying
More informationCS 130 Exam I. Fall 2015
S 3 Exam I Fall 25 Name Student ID Signature You may not ask any questions during the test. If you believe that there is something wrong with a question, write down what you think the question is trying
More informationMach band effect. The Mach band effect increases the visual unpleasant representation of curved surface using flat shading.
Mach band effect The Mach band effect increases the visual unpleasant representation of curved surface using flat shading. A B 320322: Graphics and Visualization 456 Mach band effect The Mach band effect
More informationCSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #5: Rasterization. Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2015
CSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #5: Rasterization Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2015 Announcements Project 2 due tomorrow at 2pm Grading window
More informationCS451Realtime Rendering Pipeline
1 CS451Realtime Rendering Pipeline JYHMING LIEN DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY Based on Tomas AkenineMöller s lecture note You say that you render a 3D 2 scene, but what does
More informationFor each question, indicate whether the statement is true or false by circling T or F, respectively.
True/False For each question, indicate whether the statement is true or false by circling T or F, respectively. 1. (T/F) Rasterization occurs before vertex transformation in the graphics pipeline. 2. (T/F)
More informationScan Conversion Polygons
Scan Conversion olgons Flood Fill Algorithm Chapter 9 Scan Conversion (part ) Drawing olgons on Raster Displa Input polgon with rasterized edges = (x,) point inside Goal: Fill interior with specified
More information3D Rasterization II COS 426
3D Rasterization II COS 426 3D Rendering Pipeline (for direct illumination) 3D Primitives Modeling Transformation Lighting Viewing Transformation Projection Transformation Clipping Viewport Transformation
More informationCS230 : Computer Graphics Lecture 4. Tamar Shinar Computer Science & Engineering UC Riverside
CS230 : Computer Graphics Lecture 4 Tamar Shinar Computer Science & Engineering UC Riverside Shadows Shadows for each pixel do compute viewing ray if ( ray hits an object with t in [0, inf] ) then compute
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Illumination (Lighting)! Model the interaction of light with surface points to determine their final color and brightness! The illumination can be computed either at vertices or
More informationCS 464 Review. Review of Computer Graphics for Final Exam
CS 464 Review Review of Computer Graphics for Final Exam Goal: Draw 3D Scenes on Display Device 3D Scene Abstract Model Framebuffer Matrix of Screen Pixels In Computer Graphics: If it looks right then
More informationRendering. Converting a 3D scene to a 2D image. Camera. Light. Rendering. View Plane
Rendering Pipeline Rendering Converting a 3D scene to a 2D image Rendering Light Camera 3D Model View Plane Rendering Converting a 3D scene to a 2D image Basic rendering tasks: Modeling: creating the world
More informationModule Contact: Dr Stephen Laycock, CMP Copyright of the University of East Anglia Version 1
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA School of Computing Sciences Main Series PG Examination 201314 COMPUTER GAMES DEVELOPMENT CMPSME27 Time allowed: 2 hours Answer any THREE questions. (40 marks each) Notes are
More informationHow do we draw a picture?
1 How do we draw a picture? Define geometry. Now what? We can draw the edges of the faces. Wireframe. We can only draw the edges of faces that are visible. We can fill in the faces. Giving each object
More informationCHAPTER 1 Graphics Systems and Models 3
?????? 1 CHAPTER 1 Graphics Systems and Models 3 1.1 Applications of Computer Graphics 4 1.1.1 Display of Information............. 4 1.1.2 Design.................... 5 1.1.3 Simulation and Animation...........
More informationInterpolation using scanline algorithm
Interpolation using scanline algorithm Idea: Exploit knowledge about already computed color values. Traverse projected triangle topdown using scanline. Compute start and end color value of each pixel
More informationgraphics pipeline computer graphics graphics pipeline 2009 fabio pellacini 1
graphics pipeline computer graphics graphics pipeline 2009 fabio pellacini 1 graphics pipeline sequence of operations to generate an image using objectorder processing primitives processed oneatatime
More informationThe Graphics Pipeline
The Graphics Pipeline Ray Tracing: Why Slow? Basic ray tracing: 1 ray/pixel Ray Tracing: Why Slow? Basic ray tracing: 1 ray/pixel But you really want shadows, reflections, global illumination, antialiasing
More informationGraphics Hardware and Display Devices
Graphics Hardware and Display Devices CSE328 Lectures Graphics/Visualization Hardware Many graphics/visualization algorithms can be implemented efficiently and inexpensively in hardware Facilitates interactive
More informationgraphics pipeline computer graphics graphics pipeline 2009 fabio pellacini 1
graphics pipeline computer graphics graphics pipeline 2009 fabio pellacini 1 graphics pipeline sequence of operations to generate an image using objectorder processing primitives processed oneatatime
More informationRasterization and Graphics Hardware. Not just about fancy 3D! Rendering/Rasterization. The simplest case: Points. When do we care?
Where does a picture come from? Rasterization and Graphics Hardware CS559 Course Notes Not for Projection November 2007, Mike Gleicher Result: image (raster) Input 2D/3D model of the world Rendering term
More informationThe Traditional Graphics Pipeline
Last Time? The Traditional Graphics Pipeline Participating Media Measuring BRDFs 3D Digitizing & Scattering BSSRDFs Monte Carlo Simulation Dipole Approximation Today Ray Casting / Tracing Advantages? Ray
More informationCS 498 VR. Lecture 184/4/18. go.illinois.edu/vrlect18
CS 498 VR Lecture 184/4/18 go.illinois.edu/vrlect18 Review and Supplement for last lecture 1. What is aliasing? What is Screen Door Effect? 2. How imageorder rendering works? 3. If there are several
More informationSurface Graphics. 200 polys 1,000 polys 15,000 polys. an empty foot.  a mesh of spline patches:
Surface Graphics Objects are explicitely defined by a surface or boundary representation (explicit inside vs outside) This boundary representation can be given by:  a mesh of polygons: 200 polys 1,000
More informationShading. Introduction to Computer Graphics Torsten Möller. Machiraju/Zhang/Möller/Fuhrmann
Shading Introduction to Computer Graphics Torsten Möller Machiraju/Zhang/Möller/Fuhrmann Reading Chapter 5.5  Angel Chapter 6.3  Hughes, van Dam, et al Machiraju/Zhang/Möller/Fuhrmann 2 Shading Illumination
More informationThe Traditional Graphics Pipeline
Final Projects Proposals due Thursday 4/8 Proposed project summary At least 3 related papers (read & summarized) Description of series of test cases Timeline & initial task assignment The Traditional Graphics
More informationRealTime Graphics Architecture
RealTime Graphics Architecture Kurt Akeley Pat Hanrahan http://www.graphics.stanford.edu/courses/cs448a01fall Rasterization Outline Fundamentals Examples Special topics (Depthbuffer, cracks and holes,
More informationToday. Rendering pipeline. Rendering pipeline. Object vs. Image order. Rendering engine Rendering engine (jtrt) Computergrafik. Rendering pipeline
Computergrafik Today Rendering pipeline s View volumes, clipping Viewport Matthias Zwicker Universität Bern Herbst 2008 Rendering pipeline Rendering pipeline Hardware & software that draws 3D scenes on
More informationInstitutionen för systemteknik
Code: Day: Lokal: M7002E 19 March E1026 Institutionen för systemteknik Examination in: M7002E, Computer Graphics and Virtual Environments Number of sections: 7 Max. score: 100 (normally 60 is required
More informationComputer Graphics 1. Chapter 7 (June 17th, 2010, 24pm): Shading and rendering. LMU München Medieninformatik Andreas Butz Computergraphik 1 SS2010
Computer Graphics 1 Chapter 7 (June 17th, 2010, 24pm): Shading and rendering 1 The 3D rendering pipeline (our version for this class) 3D models in model coordinates 3D models in world coordinates 2D Polygons
More informationThe Traditional Graphics Pipeline
Last Time? The Traditional Graphics Pipeline Reading for Today A Practical Model for Subsurface Light Transport, Jensen, Marschner, Levoy, & Hanrahan, SIGGRAPH 2001 Participating Media Measuring BRDFs
More informationLets assume each object has a defined colour. Hence our illumination model is looks unrealistic.
Shading Models There are two main types of rendering that we cover, polygon rendering ray tracing Polygon rendering is used to apply illumination models to polygons, whereas ray tracing applies to arbitrary
More informationDrawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline
Drawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline CS559 Fall 2016 Lectures 10 & 11 October 10th & 12th, 2016 1. Put a 3D primitive in the World Modeling 2. Figure out what color it should be 3. Position relative to the
More informationRasterization. MIT EECS Frédo Durand and Barb Cutler. MIT EECS 6.837, Cutler and Durand 1
Rasterization MIT EECS 6.837 Frédo Durand and Barb Cutler MIT EECS 6.837, Cutler and Durand 1 Final projects Rest of semester Weekly meetings with TAs Office hours on appointment This week, with TAs Refine
More informationCPSC 314 LIGHTING AND SHADING
CPSC 314 LIGHTING AND SHADING UGRAD.CS.UBC.CA/~CS314 slide credits: Mikhail Bessmeltsev et al 1 THE RENDERING PIPELINE Vertices and attributes Vertex Shader Modelview transform Pervertex attributes Vertex
More informationRendering approaches. 1.imageoriented. 2.objectoriented. foreach pixel... 3D rendering pipeline. foreach object...
Rendering approaches 1.imageoriented foreach pixel... 2.objectoriented foreach object... geometry 3D rendering pipeline image 3D graphics pipeline Vertices Vertex processor Clipper and primitive assembler
More information9. Illumination and Shading
9. Illumination and Shading Approaches for visual realism:  Remove hidden surfaces  Shade visible surfaces and reproduce shadows  Reproduce surface properties Texture Degree of transparency Roughness,
More informationGraphics Hardware. Instructor Stephen J. Guy
Instructor Stephen J. Guy Overview What is a GPU Evolution of GPU GPU Design Modern Features Programmability! Programming Examples Overview What is a GPU Evolution of GPU GPU Design Modern Features Programmability!
More informationC P S C 314 S H A D E R S, O P E N G L, & J S RENDERING PIPELINE. Mikhail Bessmeltsev
C P S C 314 S H A D E R S, O P E N G L, & J S RENDERING PIPELINE UGRAD.CS.UBC.C A/~CS314 Mikhail Bessmeltsev 1 WHAT IS RENDERING? Generating image from a 3D scene 2 WHAT IS RENDERING? Generating image
More informationSpring 2009 Prof. Hyesoon Kim
Spring 2009 Prof. Hyesoon Kim Application Geometry Rasterizer CPU Each stage cane be also pipelined The slowest of the pipeline stage determines the rendering speed. Frames per second (fps) Executes on
More informationComputer Graphics.  Rasterization  Philipp Slusallek
Computer Graphics  Rasterization  Philipp Slusallek Rasterization Definition Given some geometry (point, 2D line, circle, triangle, polygon, ), specify which pixels of a raster display each primitive
More informationCS 112 The Rendering Pipeline. Slide 1
CS 112 The Rendering Pipeline Slide 1 Rendering Pipeline n Input 3D Object/Scene Representation n Output An image of the input object/scene n Stages (for POLYGON pipeline) n Model view Transformation n
More informationChapter 7  Light, Materials, Appearance
Chapter 7  Light, Materials, Appearance Types of light in nature and in CG Shadows Using lights in CG Illumination models Textures and maps Procedural surface descriptions Literature: E. Angel/D. Shreiner,
More informationReading. 18. Projections and Zbuffers. Required: Watt, Section , 6.3, 6.6 (esp. intro and subsections 1, 4, and 8 10), Further reading:
Reading Required: Watt, Section 5.2.2 5.2.4, 6.3, 6.6 (esp. intro and subsections 1, 4, and 8 10), Further reading: 18. Projections and Zbuffers Foley, et al, Chapter 5.6 and Chapter 6 David F. Rogers
More informationGraphics Pipeline. CS535 Fall Daniel G. Aliaga Department of Computer Science Purdue University
Graphics Pipeline CS535 Fall 2016 Daniel G. Aliaga Department of Computer Science Purdue University Raytracing Inverse mapping for every pixel construct a ray from the eye for every object in the scene
More informationHidden Surfaces II. Week 9, Mon Mar 15
University of British Columbia CPSC 314 Computer Graphics JanApr 2010 Tamara Munzner Hidden Surfaces II Week 9, Mon Mar 15 http://www.ugrad.cs.ubc.ca/~cs314/vjan2010 ews yes, I'm granting the request
More informationRealTime Rendering (Echtzeitgraphik) Michael Wimmer
RealTime Rendering (Echtzeitgraphik) Michael Wimmer wimmer@cg.tuwien.ac.at Walking down the graphics pipeline Application Geometry Rasterizer What for? Understanding the rendering pipeline is the key
More informationIntroduction to 3D Graphics
Graphics Without Polygons Volume Rendering May 11, 2010 So Far Volumetric Rendering Techniques Misc. So Far Extended the Fixed Function Pipeline with a Programmable Pipeline Programming the pipeline is
More informationDrawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline
Drawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline CS559 Spring 2016 Lecture 10 February 25, 2016 1. Put a 3D primitive in the World Modeling Get triangles 2. Figure out what color it should be Do ligh/ng 3. Position
More informationComputer Graphics. Illumination and Shading
Rendering Pipeline modelling of geometry transformation into world coordinates placement of cameras and light sources transformation into camera coordinates backface culling projection clipping w.r.t.
More informationTDA362/DIT223 Computer Graphics EXAM (Same exam for both CTH and GU students)
TDA362/DIT223 Computer Graphics EXAM (Same exam for both CTH and GU students) Saturday, January 13 th, 2018, 08:3012:30 Examiner Ulf Assarsson, tel. 031772 1775 Permitted Technical Aids None, except
More informationIllumination and Shading
Illumination and Shading Light sources emit intensity: assigns intensity to each wavelength of light Humans perceive as a colour  navy blue, light green, etc. Exeriments show that there are distinct I
More informationCPSC / Illumination and Shading
CPSC 599.64 / 601.64 Rendering Pipeline usually in one step modelling of geometry transformation into world coordinate system placement of cameras and light sources transformation into camera coordinate
More informationShading/Texturing. Dr. Scott Schaefer
Shading/Texturing Dr. Scott Schaefer Problem / Problem / Problem 4/ Problem / Problem / Shading Algorithms Flat Shading Gouraud Shading Phong Shading / Flat Shading Apply same color across entire polygon
More informationPipeline and Rasterization. COMP770 Fall 2011
Pipeline and Rasterization COMP770 Fall 2011 1 The graphics pipeline The standard approach to objectorder graphics Many versions exist software, e.g. Pixar s REYES architecture many options for quality
More informationCSE528 Computer Graphics: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications
CSE528 Computer Graphics: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications Hong Qin State University of New York at Stony Brook (Stony Brook University) Stony Brook, New York 117944400 Tel: (631)6328450; Fax: (631)6328334
More informationX. GPU Programming. Jacobs University Visualization and Computer Graphics Lab : Advanced Graphics  Chapter X 1
X. GPU Programming 320491: Advanced Graphics  Chapter X 1 X.1 GPU Architecture 320491: Advanced Graphics  Chapter X 2 GPU Graphics Processing Unit Parallelized SIMD Architecture 112 processing cores
More informationOpenGL: Open Graphics Library. Introduction to OpenGL Part II. How do I render a geometric primitive? What is OpenGL
OpenGL: Open Graphics Library Introduction to OpenGL Part II CS 35150 Graphics API ( Application Programming Interface) Software library Layer between programmer and graphics hardware (and other software
More informationLecture 2. Shaders, GLSL and GPGPU
Lecture 2 Shaders, GLSL and GPGPU Is it interesting to do GPU computing with graphics APIs today? Lecture overview Why care about shaders for computing? Shaders for graphics GLSL Computing with shaders
More informationCS452/552; EE465/505. Clipping & Scan Conversion
CS452/552; EE465/505 Clipping & Scan Conversion 331 15 Outline! From Geometry to Pixels: Overview Clipping (continued) Scan conversion Read: Angel, Chapter 8, 8.18.9 Project#1 due: this week Lab4 due:
More informationRasterization. COMP 575/770 Spring 2013
Rasterization COMP 575/770 Spring 2013 The Rasterization Pipeline you are here APPLICATION COMMAND STREAM 3D transformations; shading VERTEX PROCESSING TRANSFORMED GEOMETRY conversion of primitives to
More informationComputer Graphics Fundamentals. Jon Macey
Computer Graphics Fundamentals Jon Macey jmacey@bournemouth.ac.uk http://nccastaff.bournemouth.ac.uk/jmacey/ 1 1 What is CG Fundamentals Looking at how Images (and Animations) are actually produced in
More informationRasterization. CS 4620 Lecture Kavita Bala w/ prior instructor Steve Marschner. Cornell CS4620 Fall 2015 Lecture 16
Rasterization CS 4620 Lecture 16 1 Announcements A3 due on Thu Will send mail about grading once finalized 2 Pipeline overview you are here APPLICATION COMMAND STREAM 3D transformations; shading VERTEX
More informationAdvanced Rendering Techniques
Advanced Rendering Techniques Lecture Rendering Pipeline (Part I) Professor Leandro Augusto Frata Fernandes laffernandes@ic.uff.br Lecture notes available in http://www.ic.uff.br/~laffernandes/teaching/0./topicos_rendering
More informationGraphics Hardware, Graphics APIs, and Computation on GPUs. Mark Segal
Graphics Hardware, Graphics APIs, and Computation on GPUs Mark Segal Overview Graphics Pipeline Graphics Hardware Graphics APIs ATI s lowlevel interface for computation on GPUs 2 Graphics Hardware High
More informationModels and Architectures
Models and Architectures Objectives Learn the basic design of a graphics system Introduce graphics pipeline architecture Examine software components for an interactive graphics system 1 Image Formation
More informationCSE 690: GPGPU. Lecture 2: Understanding the Fabric  Intro to Graphics. Klaus Mueller Stony Brook University Computer Science Department
CSE 690: GPGPU Lecture 2: Understanding the Fabric  Intro to Graphics Klaus Mueller Stony Brook University Computer Science Department Klaus Mueller, Stony Brook 2005 1 Surface Graphics Objects are explicitely
More informationCSE 167: Lecture #5: Rasterization. Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2012
CSE 167: Introduction to Computer Graphics Lecture #5: Rasterization Jürgen P. Schulze, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego Fall Quarter 2012 Announcements Homework project #2 due this Friday, October
More informationCSE Intro to Computer Graphics. ANSWER KEY: Midterm Examination. November 18, Instructor: Sam Buss, UC San Diego
CSE 167  Intro to Computer Graphics ANSWER KEY: Midterm Examination November 18, 2003 Instructor: Sam Buss, UC San Diego Write your name or initials on every page before beginning the exam. You have 75
More informationDrawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline
Drawing Fast The Graphics Pipeline CS559 Fall 2015 Lecture 9 October 1, 2015 What I was going to say last time How are the ideas we ve learned about implemented in hardware so they are fast. Important:
More informationTexture Mapping and Sampling
Texture Mapping and Sampling CPSC 314 Wolfgang Heidrich The Rendering Pipeline Geometry Processing Geometry Database Model/View Transform. Lighting Perspective Transform. Clipping Scan Conversion Depth
More informationThe graphics pipeline. Pipeline and Rasterization. Primitives. Pipeline
The graphics pipeline Pipeline and Rasterization CS4620 Lecture 9 The standard approach to objectorder graphics Many versions exist software, e.g. Pixar s REYES architecture many options for quality and
More informationComputer Graphics with OpenGL ES (J. Han) Chapter VII Rasterizer
Chapter VII Rasterizer Rasterizer The vertex shader passes the clipspace vertices to the rasterizer, which performs the following: Clipping Perspective division Backface culling Viewport transform Scan
More informationCS 130 Exam I. Fall 2015
CS 130 Exam I Fall 2015 Name Student ID Signature You may not ask any questions during the test. If you believe that there is something wrong with a question, write down what you think the question is
More informationCS770/870 Fall 2015 Advanced GLSL
Expanded Graphics Pipeline CS770/870 Fall 2015 Advanced GLSL Geometry definition Shaders can actually be inserted in more places in pipeline Vertex and fragment shaders are most important Vertex shader
More informationChapter 2 A topdown approach  How to make shaded images?
Chapter 2 A topdown approach  How to make shaded images? Comp. Graphics (U), Chap 2 Global View 1 CGGM Lab., CS Dept., NCTU Jung Hong Chuang Graphics API vs. application API Graphics API Support rendering
More informationTSBK03 ScreenSpace Ambient Occlusion
TSBK03 ScreenSpace Ambient Occlusion Joakim Gebart, Jimmy Liikala December 15, 2013 Contents 1 Abstract 1 2 History 2 2.1 Crysis method..................................... 2 3 Chosen method 2 3.1 Algorithm
More informationEECE 478. Learning Objectives. Learning Objectives. Rasterization & Scenes. Rasterization. Compositing
EECE 478 Rasterization & Scenes Rasterization Learning Objectives Be able to describe the complete graphics pipeline. Describe the process of rasterization for triangles and lines. Compositing Manipulate
More informationShaders (some slides taken from David M. course)
Shaders (some slides taken from David M. course) Doron Nussbaum Doron Nussbaum COMP 3501  Shaders 1 Traditional Rendering Pipeline Traditional pipeline (older graphics cards) restricts developer to texture
More informationThe Viewing Pipeline Coordinate Systems
Overview Interactive Graphics System Model Graphics Pipeline Coordinate Systems Modeling Transforms Cameras and Viewing Transform Lighting and Shading Color Rendering Visible Surface Algorithms Rasterization
More informationRealtime 3D Computer Graphics Virtual Reality
Realtime 3D Computer Graphics Virtual Reality From Vertices to Fragments Overview Overall goal recapitulation: Input: World description, e.g., set of vertices and states for objects, attributes, camera,
More informationIntroduction Rasterization Zbuffering Shading. Graphics 2012/2013, 4th quarter. Lecture 09: graphics pipeline (rasterization and shading)
Lecture 9 Graphics pipeline (rasterization and shading) Graphics pipeline  part 1 (recap) Perspective projection by matrix multiplication: x pixel y pixel z canonical 1 x = M vpm per M cam y z 1 This
More informationSpring 2011 Prof. Hyesoon Kim
Spring 2011 Prof. Hyesoon Kim Application Geometry Rasterizer CPU Each stage cane be also pipelined The slowest of the pipeline stage determines the rendering speed. Frames per second (fps) Executes on
More informationRasterizing triangles
Rasterizing triangles We know how to project the vertices of a triangle in our model onto pixel centers. To draw the complete triangle, we have to decide which pixels to turn on. For now, let s assume
More informationCS 498 VR. Lecture 194/9/18. go.illinois.edu/vrlect19
CS 498 VR Lecture 194/9/18 go.illinois.edu/vrlect19 Review from previous lectures Imageorder Rendering and Objectorder Rendering Imageorder Rendering:  Process: Ray Generation, Ray Intersection, Assign
More informationSign up for crits! Announcments
Sign up for crits! Announcments Reading for Next Week FvD 16.116.3 local lighting models GL 5 lighting GL 9 (skim) texture mapping Modern Game Techniques CS248 Lecture Nov 13 Andrew Adams Overview The
More informationRASTERISED RENDERING
DH2323 DGI16 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND INTERACTION RASTERISED RENDERING Christopher Peters HPCViz, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden chpeters@kth.se http://kth.academia.edu/christopheredwardpeters
More informationThe Rasterization Pipeline
Lecture 5: The Rasterization Pipeline Computer Graphics and Imaging UC Berkeley CS184/284A, Spring 2016 What We ve Covered So Far z x y z x y (0, 0) (w, h) Position objects and the camera in the world
More informationCS2401 COMPUTER GRAPHICS ANNA UNIV QUESTION BANK
CS2401 Computer Graphics CS2401 COMPUTER GRAPHICS ANNA UNIV QUESTION BANK CS2401 COMPUTER GRAPHICS UNIT 12D PRIMITIVES 1. Define Computer Graphics. 2. Explain any 3 uses of computer graphics applications.
More informationRendering. Illumination Model. Wireframe rendering simple, ambiguous Color filling flat without any 3D information
llumination Model Wireframe rendering simple, ambiguous Color filling flat without any 3D information Requires modeling interaction of light with the object/surface to have a different color (shade in
More informationRealTime Graphics Architecture
RealTime Graphics Architecture Lecture 5: Rasterization Kurt Akeley Pat Hanrahan http://graphics.stanford.edu/cs44807spring/ Rasterization Outline Fundamentals System examples Special topics (Depthbuffer,
More informationSurface shading: lights and rasterization. Computer Graphics CSE 167 Lecture 6
Surface shading: lights and rasterization Computer Graphics CSE 167 Lecture 6 CSE 167: Computer Graphics Surface shading Materials Lights Rasterization 2 Scene data Rendering pipeline Modeling and viewing
More informationE.Order of Operations
Appendix E E.Order of Operations This book describes all the performed between initial specification of vertices and final writing of fragments into the framebuffer. The chapters of this book are arranged
More informationSUMMARY. CS380: Introduction to Computer Graphics Varying Variables Chapter 13. Min H. Kim KAIST School of Computing 18/04/26.
CS380: Introduction to Computer Graphics Varying Variables Chapter 3 Min H. Kim KAIST School of Computing Rasterization SUMMARY 2 Path from vertex to pixel 3 Clipping coordinates Eye coordinates (projected)
More information