# 1-2 Analyzing Graphs of Functions and Relations

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1 Use the graph of each function to estimate the indicated function values. Then confirm the estimate algebraically. Round to the nearest hundredth, if necessary. The function value at x = 1 appears to be about 4. To confirm this estimate algebraically, find h( 1). 3. a. f ( 8) b. f ( 3) c. f (0) The function value at x = 8 appears to be about 10. To confirm this estimate algebraically, find f ( 8). The function value at x = 1.5 appears to be about. Find h(1.5). The function value at x = 3 appears to be about 5. Find f ( 3). The function value at x = 0 appears to be about 2. Find f (0). The function value at x = 2 appears to be about. Find h(2). 6. a. h( 1) b. h(1.5) c. h(2) esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 1

2 Use the graph of h to find the domain and range of each function. 9. The arrows on the left and right sides of the graph indicate that the graph will continue without bound in both directions. Therefore, the domain of h is (, ). The graph does not extend below h(0) or 2, but h(x) increases without bound for lesser and greater values of x. So, the range of h is [2, ). a. State the domain and range of each function. b. Use the graph to estimate the impact energy of each metal at 0 C. a. The arrows on the left and right sides of the graph that corresponds to the copper specimen indicate that the graph will continue without bound. So, the domain is all real numbers, or [, ]. The impact energy of the specimen for all temperatures from 150ºC to 150ºC appears to be about 1.75 joules, so the range is [1.75] The arrows on the left and right sides of the graph that corresponds to the aluminum specimen indicate that the graph will continue without bound. So, the domain is [, ]. The graph does not extend above f( 100) = 1.5 or below f (125) = 0.6. So, the range is [0.6, 1.5]. 12. The closed dot at (7, 1) indicates that x = 7 is in the domain of h. Although there is an open dot at (4, 1), the closed dot at (4, 1) indicates that x = 4 is in the domain of h. The arrow to the left indicates that the graph will continue without bound. Therefore, the domain of h is (, 7]. The closed dots at (4, 1) and (7, 1) indicate that y = 1 is in the range of h. The closed dot at (5, 1) indicates that y = 1 is not in the range of h. The arrow to the left indicates that the graph will continue without bound. Therefore, the range of h is [ 1] (1, ). 15. ENGINEERING Tests on the physical behavior of four metal specimens are performed at various temperatures in degrees Celsius. The impact energy, or energy absorbed by the sample during the test, is measured in Joules. The test results are shown. The arrows on the left and right sides of the graph that corresponds to the zinc specimen indicate that the graph will continue without bound. So, the domain is [, ]. The graph does not extend above f( 100) = 0.5 or below f (100) = 1.3. So, the range is [0.5, 1.3]. The arrows on the left and right sides of the graph that corresponds to the steel specimen indicate that the graph will continue without bound. So, the domain is [, ]. The graph does not extend above f( 125) = 0.2 or below f (100) = So, the range is [0.2, 1.75]. Note that absolute zero, the coldest temperature possible, is about C. Therefore, in the context of this problem, the true domain is [ , ]. b. Estimate the function value at x = 0 for each curve. esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 2

3 When x = 0, the copper, aluminum, zinc, and steel specimens appear to have impact energies of about 1.75 J, 1.2 J, 0.5 J, and 1.5 J, respectively. Use the graph of each function to find its y- intercept and zero(s). Then find these values algebraically. 21. From the graph, it appears that f (x) intersects the y- axis at approximately (0, 2), so the y-intercept is 2. Find f (0). Therefore, the y-intercept is 2. From the graph, the x-intercepts appear to be at about and. Let f (x) = 0 and solve for x. 18. From the graph, it appears that f (x) intersects the y- axis at approximately (0, 0), so the y-intercept is 0. Find f (0). Therefore, the y-intercept is 0. From the graph, it appears that there is an x- intercept at 0. Let f (x) = 0 and solve for x. Therefore, the zeros of f are and. Use the graph of each equation to test for symmetry with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, and the origin. Support the answer numerically. Then confirm algebraically. Therefore, the zero of f is The graph appears to be symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, and origin because there appears to be mirror images about the axes and the origin. Also, for every point (x, y) on the graph, there is a point (x, y), a point ( x, y), and a point ( x, y), respectively. Make a table of values to support each part of this conjecture. esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 3

4 The positive y-values produce the same x-values as their corresponding y-values, so x 2 + 4( y) 2 = 16 is equivalent to x 2 + 4y 2 = 16 and the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis. Because ( x) 2 + 4( y) 2 = 16 is equivalent to x 2 + 4y 2 = 16, the graph is symmetric with respect to the origin. ( y) 2 is equidistant to y 2, so x 2 + 4( y) 2 = 16 is equivalent to x 2 + 4y 2 = The graph appears to be symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, and origin because there appears to be mirror images about all three. Also, for every point (x, y) on the graph, there is a point (x, y), a point ( x, y), and a point ( x, y), respectively. Make a table of values for each part of this conjecture. The positive x-values produce the same y-values as their corresponding x-values, so ( x) 2 + 4y 2 = 16 is equivalent to x 2 + 4y 2 = 16 and the graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis. ( x) 2 is equidistant to x 2, so ( x) 2 + 4y 2 = 16 is equivalent to x 2 + 4y 2 = 16. esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 4

5 The positive y-values produce the same x-values as their corresponding y-values, so 9x 2 25( y) 2 = 1 is equivalent to 9x 2 25y 2 = 1 and the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis. 25y 2 =1, the graph is symmetric with respect to the origin. ( y) 2 is equivalent to y 2, so 9x 2 25( y) 2 = 1 is equivalent to 9x 2 25y 2 = The graph does not appear to be symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, or origin because there are no mirror images with respect to these areas of the graph. Because neither y = x 3 2x 2 + 3x 4, y = x 3 2x 2 3x 4, nor y = x 3 2x 2 3x 4 are equivalent to y = x 3 2x 2 + 3x 4, the graph is not symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, or origin, respectively. The positive x-values produce the same y-values as their corresponding x-values, so 9( x) 2 25y 2 = 1 is equivalent to 9x 2 25y 2 =1 and the graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis. ( x) 2 is equivalent to x 2, so 9( x) 2 25y 2 = 1 is equivalent to 9x 2 25y 2 =1. Because 9( x) 2 25( y) 2 = 1 is equivalent to 9x 2 esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 5

6 GRAPHING CALCULATOR Graph each function. Analyze the graph to determine whether each function is even, odd, or neither. If odd or even, describe the symmetry of the graph of the function. 36. g(x) = 33. The graph appears to be symmetric with respect to the y-axis because there appears to be a mirror image about the y-axis. Also, for every point (x, y) on the graph, there is a point ( x, y). Make a table of values to support this conjecture. It does not appear that the graph of the function is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, or origin. Test this conjecture. The function is neither even nor odd because g(x) g(x) and g( x) g(x). The positive x-values produce the same y-values as their corresponding x-values, so (y 6) 2 + 8( x) 2 = 64 is equivalent to (y 6) 2 + 8x 2 = 64 and the graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis. ( x) 2 is equivalent to x 2, so (y 6) 2 + 8( x) 2 = 64 is equivalent to (y 6) 2 + 8x 2 = 64. esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 6

7 39. f (x) = x 3 Use the graph of each function to estimate the indicated function values. It appears that the graph of the function is symmetric with respect to the y-axis. Test this conjecture. 42. a. f ( 2) b. f ( 6) c. f (0) a. The function value at x = 2 appears to be 2. b. The circle at ( 6, 8) indicates that 6 is not part of the domain of the function. Therefore, the function value at x = 6 is undefined. The function is even because f ( x) = f (x). Therefore, the graph of the function is symmetric with respect to the y-axis. c. The domain of the function is ( 6, 2] [2, ). Because 0 is not in the domain of the function, the function value at x = 0 is undefined. 45. PHONES The number of households h in millions with only wireless phone service from 2001 to 2005 can be modeled by h(x) = 0.5x x + 1.2, where x represents the number of years after a. State the relevant domain and approximate the range. b. Use the graph to estimate the number of households with only wireless phone service in Then find it algebraically. c. Use the graph to approximate the y-intercept of the function. Then find it algebraically. What does the y-intercept represent? d. Does this function have any zeros? If so, estimate esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 7

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### The equation of the axis of symmetry is. Therefore, the x-coordinate of the vertex is 2.

1. Find the y-intercept, the equation of the axis of symmetry, and the x-coordinate of the vertex for f (x) = 2x 2 + 8x 3. Then graph the function by making a table of values. Here, a = 2, b = 8, and c

(A) Lesson Context BIG PICTURE of this UNIT: CONTEXT of this LESSON: How do we analyze and then work with a data set that shows both increase and decrease What is a parabola and what key features do they

### Semester 2 Review Problems will be sectioned by chapters. The chapters will be in the order by which we covered them.

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### The x coordinate tells you how far left or right from center the point is. The y coordinate tells you how far up or down from center the point is.

We will review the Cartesian plane and some familiar formulas. College algebra Graphs 1: The Rectangular Coordinate System, Graphs of Equations, Distance and Midpoint Formulas, Equations of Circles Section

### Mid-Chapter Quiz: Lessons 4-1 through 4-4

1. Find the y-intercept, the equation of the axis of symmetry, and the x-coordinate of the vertex for f (x) = 2x 2 + 8x 3. Then graph the function by making a table of values. 2. Determine whether f (x)

### 6. Find the equation of the plane that passes through the point (-1,2,1) and contains the line x = y = z.

Week 1 Worksheet Sections from Thomas 13 th edition: 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 13.1 1. A plane is a set of points that satisfies an equation of the form c 1 x + c 2 y + c 3 z = c 4. (a) Find any three distinct

### 3. Solve the following. Round to the nearest thousandth.

This review does NOT cover everything! Be sure to go over all notes, homework, and tests that were given throughout the semester. 1. Given g ( x) i, h( x) x 4x x, f ( x) x, evaluate the following: a) f

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### Unit 12 Special Functions

Algebra Notes Special Functions Unit 1 Unit 1 Special Functions PREREQUISITE SKILLS: students should be able to describe a relation and a function students should be able to identify the domain and range

### 5-2 Verifying Trigonometric Identities

Verify each identity 1 (sec 1) cos = sin sec (1 cos ) = tan 3 sin sin cos 3 = sin 4 csc cos cot = sin 4 5 = cot Page 1 4 5 = cot 6 tan θ csc tan = cot 7 = cot 8 + = csc Page 8 = csc + 9 + tan = sec 10

Quadratic Functions (Section 2-1) Section 2.1, Definition of Polynomial Function f(x) = a is the constant function f(x) = mx + b where m 0 is a linear function f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c with a 0 is a quadratic

### SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

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### Do you need a worksheet or a copy of the teacher notes? Go to

Name Period Day Date Assignment (Due the next class meeting) Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

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### Graph each function. State the domain, the vertex (min/max point), the range, the x intercepts, and the axis of symmetry.

HW Worksheet Name: Graph each function. State the domain, the vertex (min/max point), the range, the x intercepts, and the axis of smmetr..) f(x)= x + - - - - x - - - - Vertex: Max or min? Axis of smmetr:.)

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### Quadratic Functions Dr. Laura J. Pyzdrowski

1 Names: (8 communication points) About this Laboratory A quadratic function in the variable x is a polynomial where the highest power of x is 2. We will explore the domains, ranges, and graphs of quadratic