# COMP 110 Introduction to Programming. What did we discuss?

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1 COMP 110 Introduction to Programming Fall 2015 Time: TR 9:30 10:45 Room: AR 121 (Hanes Art Center) Jay Aikat FB 314, Previous Class What did we discuss? COMP 110 Fall

2 Today Announcements Still registering Labs / recitations register for them Join Piazza: piazza.com/unc/fall2015/comp110 Assignment1: due Fri, Aug 28 at 11:55 PM Check Sakai, Piazza and class webpage regularly Your first program COMP 110 Fall Identifiers Names of things (variables, constants, methods) in your programs Can be composed of any combination of letters, digits, underscore (_), and dollar sign (\$) Cannot begin with a digit May be any length Java is case sensitive Total, total, and TOTAL are different identifiers COMP 110 Fall

3 Illegal Identifiers COMP 110 Fall Questions Classify the following as legal or illegal identifiers: 1. My First Program illegal 2. my1stprogram legal 3. 1stProgram illegal 4. \$money legal 5. an_identifier legal 6. Jane'sProgram illegal COMP 110 Fall

4 Primitive Data Types What is a Data Type? Primitive data are fundamental values such as numbers and characters A set of values and the operations that can be performed on those values Operations are performed on primitive types using built in operators COMP 110 Fall Primitive Data Types 8 primitive data types in Java 4 represent integers byte, short, int, long 2 represent floating point numbers float, double 1 represents characters char 1 represents boolean values boolean COMP 110 Fall

5 Primitive Data Types (Numeric Types) The difference between the various numeric primitive types is their size, and therefore the values they can store: Type byte short int long Storage 8 bits 16 bits 32 bits 64 bits Min Value ,768-2,147,483,648 < -9 x Max Value ,767 2,147,483,647 > 9 x float double 32 bits 64 bits +/- 3.4 x with 7 significant digits +/- 1.7 x with 15 significant digits COMP 110 Fall Integers Examples: 6728, 67, 0, 78, Positive integers do not have a '+' sign in front of them (but they can) No commas are used in an integer commas in Java are used to separate items in a list COMP 110 Fall

6 Primitive Data Types (Characters) A char stores a single character from the Unicode character set an ordered list of characters, and each character corresponds to a unique number uses 16 bits per character, allowing for 65,536 unique characters Character literals are delimited by single quotes: 'a' 'X' '7' ' ' '\$' ',' '\n' newline character (we'll discuss later) COMP 110 Fall Primitive Data Types (Boolean) Only two valid values true or false uses 1 bit for storage Represent any situation that has 2 states on off true false true and false are reserved words COMP 110 Fall

7 Arithmetic Expressions Expression a combination of one or more operands and their operators Arithmetic expressions compute numeric results and make use of the arithmetic operators: Addition + Subtraction - Multiplication * Division / Remainder % If either or both operands associated with an arithmetic operator are floating point, the result is a floating point COMP 110 Fall Division and Remainder If both operands to the division operator (/) are integers, the result is an integer (the fractional part is discarded) 14 / 3 equals? 4 8 / 12 equals? 0 The remainder, or modulus, operator (%) returns the remainder after dividing the second operand into the first (only works with integer types) 14 % 3 equals? 8 % 12 equals? 2 8 COMP 110 Fall

8 Unary vs. Binary Operators Unary operators has only one operand example: (negative, not subtraction) 5 Binary operators has two operands example: (subtraction) 5 3 COMP 110 Fall Operator Precedence Determines the order in which operators are evaluated: 1. multiplication, division, and remainder 2. addition, subtraction, and string concatenation 3. arithmetic operators with the same precedence are evaluated from left to right Parentheses can be used to force the evaluation order (just like in math) COMP 110 Fall

9 Operator Precedence (PEMDAS) Parentheses: 6 * (5 + 7) vs. 6 * Exponents (powers, roots /2 ) Multiplication / Division / Mod Addition / Subtraction Left to right Which is these is correct? 30 / 5 * 3 = 6 * 3 = / 5 * 3 = 30 / 15 = 2 this one! COMP 110 Fall Operator Precedence What is the order of evaluation in the following expressions? a + b + c + d + e a + b * c - d / e a / (b + c) - d % e a / (b * (c + (d - e))) COMP 110 Fall

10 Integral Expressions All operands are integers Result is an integer Examples: * x y/ 7 x + 2 * (y z) + 18 COMP 110 Fall Floating-point Expressions All operands are floating point numbers Result is a floating point Examples: 12.8 * x * y / 3.5 COMP 110 Fall

11 Mixed Expressions Operands of different types Examples: / Integer operands yield an integer result Floating point operands yield a floating point result If both types of operands are present, the result is a floating point number implicit type coercion Precedence rules are followed COMP 110 Fall Type Conversion (Casting) Used to avoid implicit type coercion Syntax (datatypename) expression Expression evaluated first, then type converted to datatypename Examples: (int) ( ) = 14 (int) (7.9) + (int)(6.7) = 13 COMP 110 Fall

12 Questions 1. (5 + 4) % 6 2. (5 + 6) % % % 3.5 not possible 3. (double) (13) / 2 4. (double) (13 / 2) 13.0 / (double) (6) 6.0 COMP 110 Fall Our First Program public class HelloWorld { public static void main(string[] args) { System.out.println("Hello World"); } } COMP 110 Fall

13 Next class (Thu, Aug 27) Binary representation Program in class: Adding two numbers Assignment1 DUE Fri, Aug 28 Reading Assignment: Chapter 1 COMP 110 Fall Teaching Assistants o Yenchun Chen o Junpyo Hong (JP) o Ben Newton Ben Newton Junpyo Hong (JP) COMP 110 Spring

14 Teaching Assistants Dana Elhertani Spencer Byers Sarah White Camden Link Jeffrey Young Max Daum COMP 110 Spring

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