C Refresher, Advance C, Coding Standard, Misra C Compliance & Real-time Programming

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1 C Refresher, Advance C, Coding Standard, Misra C Compliance & Real-time Programming Course Overview This course transforms an IT-Professional or a Student into an expert C Programming Person with concepts related to C Syntax, Advance C Concepts towards using C with Electronics or System Projects, Coding Standards and Coding Ethics towards Tight Code projects and to develop coding for Real-time projects using Linux. Objectives Students successfully completing this course will have a sound understanding of C programming. You will understand the basic C data types, arrays and pointers. You will have a good appreciation of data structures and their uses, and the use of pointers to data structures and arrays of data structures. You'll learn how to use arrays to implement circular buffers and how to use them, and how to use arrays to implement stacks, and the uses of software stacks. You will also be introduced to basic techniques of memory management and programming with dynamic data structures - being able to implement circular buffers and stacks using singly linked and doubly linked lists. You'll also learn techniques for implementing interrupt handler code in C, multi-module programming including applications containing a mixture of C and assembly language modules, and techniques for manipulating hardware registers and special function registers.

2 Days: 5 Course Pre-requisite Basic knowledge of C programming language Basic Knowledge of Linux Commands and Usage C as programming language An Introduction to C C Basic data types Integer types Floating point types Pointers (pointer arithmetic, pointer derefencing) Arrays The relationship between arrays and pointers Enums Programming constructs if - else statements switch statements while loops and do - while loops for loops goto statements Functions in C Function prototypes Understanding C's call by value mechanism for passing arguments Implementing functions Calling functions Using pointers to pass values by reference Passing arrays to functions Understanding C's return value mechanism Using pointers to return values by reference Data Structures Defining data structures

3 Accessing and manipulating the elements of a data structure Pointers to data structures The arrow (->) operator Using a pointer to traverse an array of data structures Advanced topics Pointers to pointers Function pointers Const and static keywords - their meanings and uses Casts and casting Using void * pointers Data structures containing pointers to data structures Data structures containing function pointers Function pointers and table driven programming Bit fields in data structures Unions Using arrays to implement circular buffers and stacks Modules as data structures and interfaces Dynamic data structures and their uses o Singly linked lists o Doubly linked lists Overview of the C standard library putc, putchar, getc, getchar printf, scanf String manipulation functions ( strcpy, strcat,... ) Embedded System Oriented Topics Setting up port addresses Defining bit oriented data structures Compiler specific features o #pragmas o Non ANSII C extensions o Accessing and manipulating special function registers o Implementing interrupt handlers o Calling assembly code from C o Calling C from assembly code Linkers and linker scripts Understanding target peripheral device libraries and their uses Implementing your own device libraries Timers and their uses

4 o o Hardware timers Software timers Basics of event driven programming Port I/O - flashing LEDs Software delays Keypad scanning Basic RS232 Basic data acquisition and sensor interfacing Working with EEPROM (on chip and SPI/I2C) Real-Time Programming aspects Introduction to Embedded Systems An overview on Embedded Software Life Cycle Development Introduction to Real time system Types of RTOS Choosing a right mix Types of OS under Embedded Systems Introduction to Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS) Components of RTOS Task and Thread Introduction to various scheduling policies Memory management Inter Process Communication Introduction to Interrupts and Timer Writing Applications in Real-time OS C Coding Standards Introduction General Rules Comment Rules White Space Rules Module Rules Data Type Rules Procedure Rules Variable Rules Statement Rules Header File Template Source File Template

5 Misra C Coding Guideline (The Motor Industry Software Reliability Association) This is mission critical coding standard. Undefined, unspecified and implementation-defined behaviors in C. How the compilers may take advantage of undefined behavior. Explicit casts and implicit casts: balancing, promotion, usual arithmetic conversions, etc. Enumerated, integer and floating-point types: representation and operations. Common integer pitfalls: overflow, sign error, extension, truncation, etc. Common floating-point pitfalls: error propagation, comparison, excess precision, etc. Arrays, strings, pointer types and associated programming errors: access outside bounds, null-termination, truncation, offby-one errors, etc. The purpose of MISRA C and its role in improving code quality. * * * * * * *

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