Servicing HEP experiments with a complete set of ready integreated and configured common software components

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1 Journal of Physics: Conference Series Servicing HEP experiments with a complete set of ready integreated and configured common software components To cite this article: Stefan Roiser et al 2010 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser Related content - Hepsoft - an approach for up to date multiplatform deployment of HEP specific software S Roiser - Geant 4 nightly builds system Victor Diez, Gunter Folger and Stefan Roiser - CernVM a virtual software appliance for LHC applications P Buncic, C Aguado Sanchez, J Blomer et al. View the article online for updates and enhancements. This content was downloaded from IP address on 13/04/2018 at 03:09

2 Servicing HEP experiments with a complete set of ready integreated and configured common software components Stefan Roiser 1, Ana Gaspar 1, Yves Perrin 1, Karol Kruzelecki 2 1 CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23, PH Department, SFT Group 2 CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23, PH Department, LBC Group Abstract. The LCG Applications Area at CERN provides basic software components for the LHC experiments such as ROOT, POOL, COOL which are developed in house and also a set of external software packages ( 70) which are needed in addition such as Python, Boost, Qt, CLHEP, etc. These packages target many different areas of HEP computing such as data persistency, math, simulation, grid computing, databases, graphics, etc. Other packages provide tools for documentation, debugging, scripting languages and compilers. All these packages are provided in a consistent manner on different compilers, architectures and operating systems. The Software Process and Infrastructure project (SPI) [1] is responsible for the continous testing, coordination, release and deployment of these software packages. The main driving force for the actions carried out by SPI are the needs of the LHC experiments, but also other HEP experiments could profit from the set of consistent libraries provided and receive a stable and well tested foundation to build their experiment software frameworks. This presentation will first provide a brief description of the tools and services provided for the coordination, testing, release, deployment and presentation of LCG/AA software packages and then focus on a second set of tools provided for outside LHC experiments to deploy a stable set of HEP related software packages both as binary distribution or from source. 1. Introduction The LCG Applications Area is part of the LHC Computing Grid effort, providing application related software packages and tools which are used in common by LHC experiments. Examples for these applications are Geant4 [2], ROOT [3], COOL [4], CORAL [5], POOL [6] and RELAX [7]. In addition to software also tools and techniques, common for LHC, are provided. These include current research activities in the virtualization and multicore areas and communications tools such as Savannah tracking or Hypernews bulletin board system. 2. LHC software From the point of view of the LCG Applications Area the LHC software stack can be divided into several parts Software layers The LHC software is divided into different layers (see Picture 1). The most basic layer are the LCG external software packages, these are software components which are downloaded from c 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd 1

3 LHC AliRoot Gaudi Experiment So0ware CMSSW Athena LCG / AA projects POOL COOL CORAL ROOT RELAX LCG / AA external so0ware Python Xerces Qt Grid Java Boost valgrind GSL ~70 pack ages Figure 1. LHC software stack external sources and recompiled for the platforms the LCG Applications Area develops and deploys their software on. In total these are currently around 70 packages containing libraries and tools of all different kinds such as mathematical libraries, graphics libraries, debugging and documentation tools, etc. The next layer are the LCG/AA projects which are developed and maintained in house. The projects of this layer are ROOT, POOL, COOL, CORAL and RELAX providing functionality for data persistence, conditions databases, database abstraction and commonly used functionality. The top layer consists of experiment specific software such as reconstruction and analysis programs. LCG software is produced on several different architectures and platforms. Operating systems include SLC4, SLC5, Mac OSX 10.5 and Windows XP. The whole stack is produced on several different compilers such as gcc 3.4, gcc 4.0, gcc 4.3, VC7.1 and VC9 and 32 and 64 bit architectures. With these set of different possibilities LCG software is currently produced on 20 different platforms, being a operating system, architecture, compiler and optimization combination. Future plans include new compilers such as llvm and icc. These two first layers of the LHC software stack (LCG externals and projects) are the constituents of the so called LCG Configurations. These are consistent sets of all LCG exernals and projects produced on all LCG provided platforms on demand of LHC experiments. The release schedules of such configurations are usually discussed in the Architects Forum [8], a bi-weekly meeting where LCG Applications Area project leaders and LHC software coordinators meet. A major LCG Configuration is usually released with several changes in the AA software stack, such as new compilers, platforms or upgrades of the LCG/AA projects. LCG Configurations are numbered (e.g. LCG 55, LCG 56, etc. ) and each major LCG Configuration series is denoted by such a new number (see Picture 2). In addition to major releases also bug fix releases are being produced on demand. These are mostly in source changes which will touch only the internal behaviour of one or more software constituents. These bug fix releases are denoted by a small letter appended to the release series (e.g. LCG 55a, LCG 55b, etc.). Usually there are 2 to 3 major release series with up to 4-8 bug fix releases per year. 2

4 LCG 56 LCG 54 LCG Figure 2. LCG AA software releases in 2008/ Testing infrastructure In order to have continous testing of the LCG/AA stack a nightly build system has been developed. This system builds and tests the LCG/AA projects every 24 hours on a subset of all LCG platforms which are picked on request of experiments and developers. Another reason for building only a subset of all currently provided 20 platforms is the limitation in CPU resources. Usually the process is repeated in different slots. A slot denotes a combination of LCG/AA project versions which aim at a specific target, such as a release series or the repository HEAD of all projects. The results of the build and testing processes are summarized on a web page (see Picture 3) and the build products (libraries, executables) are made available in a shared file system (afs) where it can be used further on. The nightly build system can be executed on all LCG provided operating systems (Linux, Mac, Windows), architectures and compilers. Usually only a subset of all possible combinations is used. Execution of builds usually starts around midnight providing the complete set of results in the morning to the developers. In addition to providing feedback to the LCG/AA developers the nightly builds system is also used by LHC experiments, who are building with their nightly builds on top of the LCG/AA provided stack. This way we achieve a very tight loop of testing which provides very fast response about code changes in the LCG/AA software area. The use of the nightly builds decreased drastically the time for releasing the whole software stack, which was usually in the timescale of weeks while we dropped now to not more than a working day for producing the release on all platforms. 3. How to use LHC software in a non-lhc environment The tools and techniques in the previous section are currently in use for servicing the LHC experiments. With very little additional effort the same processes can be re-used for usage of the same software stack outside the LHC environment. The motivation for this move was initiated by current usages of different packages up to LHC experiment specific ones (e.g. Gaudi framework used by LHCb and generic tools for event data modelling and detector descriptions). In addition a web page at National Accelerator Laboratoy SLAC lists some 660 currently working High Energy Physics experiments which might not necessarily have the same staffing as LHC and LCG Applications Area. So the idea was to provide the full LCG/AA stack also to smaller HEP experiments and allow them to profit from the currently available test and build infrastructure. This section will describe 3 different ways how LCG/AA software can be re-deployed on remote sites. The tools and techniques used in the following subsections are already in use by LHC experiments or the LCG Applications Area so the additional effort for their re-use outside 3

5 Every day Different pla0orms Build & Test All LCG/AA projects Different ConfiguraAons Test History Figure 3. AA nightly builds overview page LHC is minimal CERNVM One of the research activities currently going on in the LCG Applications Area is the Workpackage 8 for virtualization technologies [9]. This work package explores the possibilities to run LHC software inside virtual machines which can be hosted on any operating system. For this purpose a special strip down linux operating system was defined which resembles closely the currently used Scientific Linux called CernvmOS. This operating system also makes use of a special files system which allows the caching of files onto the local machine and re-using them when disconnected. The CERNVM system has been deployed and used already by several LHC experiments. As the LHC experiment sofware stack by definition also includes the LCG/AA one this system could be equally used for LCG/AA software deployment. The actual setup for deployment of the software happens during the initial configuration phase of the virtual machine. In this phase the user has to choose e.g. the LHC experiment he is working on and subsequently the proper files will we provided to him through the CERNVM file system. If needed a special instance only for LCG/AA software would be also feasible to deploy Binary distribution For every LCG Configuration a subset of the release platforms is being used as tar platforms. These special platforms denote the ones for which every software package is being packaged as tar file for the version it is part of in the LCG Configuration released. The tar files are put into a central repository where they can be fetched subsequently by the LHC experiments and used for their software deployment. The details of the different LCG Configurations are being presented in a web page which lists all available configurations and their 4

6 details. This web page can be used for downloading the needed software packages and for their local installation. The only pre-requisite of this way of software deployment is the usage of one of the provided LCG tar platforms. Currently these are slc4 ia32 gcc34, slc4 amd64 gcc34, osx105 ia32 gcc401, win32 vc71 dbg Recompile from source The third option for deploying the LCG/AA software stack is to rebuild the needed packages from source. This option is available for all packages for mostly posix compliant operating systems (Linux, Mac OSX). Every software package in the LCG Applications Area is described with build instructions in the LCGCMT project. The instructions in this project provide an abstraction layer for the build of all packages across platforms. This system is also already in use by non LHC experiments for rebuilding the complete AA software stack for their needed platforms. 4. Conclusion The LCG Applications Area provides basic software constituents which LHC experiments use to build their specific applications on top. The testing of the AA is well integrated with the experiment integration testing allowing early and fast feedback about changes in source code and also allowing quick deployments of new AA releases. This well integrated and tested infrastructure is now also made available to physics experiments outside the scope of LHC. The software can be retrieved in 3 different ways depending on the specific need. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] 5

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