JAXA and its Capacity Building Activities

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1 JAXA and its Capacity Building Activities for the Asia-Pacific Region 17 July 2009 Yoko INOMATA Space Applications and Promotion Center (SAPC) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) 1

2 Table of Contents 1. JAXA: Japan s Sole Space Agency 2. JAXA President 3. JAXA Field Centers 4. JFY2008 Budget & Personnel 5. JAXA s Asia-Pacific Earth Observation Pilot Project 6. Objectives of JAXA s Capacity Building Activities 7. JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities 2

3 JAXA: Japan s Sole Space Agency On October 1, 2003, ISAS, NAL and NASDA were merged into one independent administrative institution: the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA.) ISAS (The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science) Devoted itself to space and planetary research; NAL (The National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan) Focused on research and development of next-generation aviation; NASDA (The National Space Development Agency of Japan) Responsible for development of large-size launch vehicles represented by H-IIA, satellites and a part of the International Space Station initiated by the United States. 3

4 JAXA President Dr. Keiji TACHIKAWA On November 15, 2004, Dr. Tachikawa was officially appointed as the President of the JAXA by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan. 4

5 JAXA Field Centers & Offices 1. HQ/Chofu Aerospace Center 2. Tokyo Office 3. Tsukuba Space Center 4. Sagamihara Campus 5. Tanegashima Space Center 6. Uchinoura Space Center 7. Earth Observation Center 8. Kakuda Space Center 9. Noshiro Testing Center 10. Usuda Deep Space Center 11. Katsuura Tracking & Communication Sta. 12. Masuda Tracking & Communication Sta. 13. Okinawa Tracking & Communication Sta. 14. Ogasawara Downrange Sta. 15. Nagoya Office Overseas Offices 1. Washington D.C. Office 2. Houston Office 3. Kennedy Space Center Liaison Office 4. Paris Office 5. Bangkok Office 5

6 JFY2008 Budget & Personnel Budget Budget: approx. US$1.8billion Number of Personnel: 1,649 JAXA HQ/ Chofu Aerospace Center in Tokyo 6

7 Tanegashima Space Center since

8 JAXA s Principal Activities Launch Vehicles & Space Transportation Systems International Space Station & Human Space Exploration Satellites & Spacecraft Space Utilization with Satellites Space Science Research Space & Aeronautic Engineering Research Aviation Program 8

9 Role of SAPC-JAXA 1. The Satellite Applications and Promotion Center (SAPC) s most important role is to use the data obtained with JAXA s satellite programs to the full extent. 2. As one of Japan s public organizaitons, JAXA must endeavor to share its data and technologies with both domestic and international communities. Tsukuba Space Center where SAPC is located 9

10 JAXA s Asia-Pacific Earth Observation Pilot Project At the UNWSSD (World Summit on Sustainable Development) which was held in September 2002, the Government e of Japan proposed the following o 3 then on-going activities and they were registered as part of Japan s Type-II projects: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan 1. Capacity Building Activities in cooperation with the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) ; 2. Pilot Project using Satellite Data with GISTDA Thailand; and 3. Pilot Project using Satellite Data with LAPAN Indonesia. 10

11 Objectives of JAXA s Capacity Building Activities 1. Provide necessary technical know-how to RS & GIS users in the Asia-Pacific region as a contribution by the Government of Japan to the capacity building activities recognized by UNWSSD, UNWCDR, EO Summit, GEOSS and CEOS; 2. Use the Japanese satellite data archived for last 30 years for sustainable development, planning and monitoring purposes in the region; 3. Develop in-house capacities of prospective users in the region by working on project-based training programs; 4. Identify future space technology needs in the region for better services of the forthcoming Japanese satellite programs. 11

12 JAXA s Capacity Building Activities (1) Mini-Projects in cooperation with GIC-AIT; (2) Specialized Training in Japan for the Mini-Projects High Achievers and Lecturers; (3) ALOS Pilot Project with LAPAN; (4) Organizing Asia Water Cycle Initiative (AWCI);and (5) Sentinel Asia Project System Operation Training 12

13 Structure of JAXA s Capacity Building Activities JAXA s Present Projects, such as Sentinel Asia, SAFE (Space Applications for Space Environment), etc. Following capacity building activities support projects using sattellite data Mini- Projects in cooperation with GIC-AIT Specialized Training in Japan for the Mini- Projects' High Achievers and Lectures ALOS Pilot Project with Indonesian LAPAN Organizing Asia Water Cycle Initiative (AWCI) Meetings Sentinel Asia Project -System Operation Training- 13

14 JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities iti for the Asia-Pacific Region (1) Mini-Projects in cooperation with GIC-AIT 14

15 15-Year History of JAXA s Capacity Building Activities in cooperation with GIC-AIT 1. For last 15 years starting from April 1995, JAXA has been entrusting a responsibility to the Geo- Informatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology (GIC-AIT) to carry out various training programs mainly focusing on RS and GISdevelopment of the Asia-Pacific nations. 2. The contents of the training programs have sometimes changed by the needs of the times, and now we concentrate on the Mini-Projects which is a problem-solving type of training.. External Appearance of GIC-AIT 15

16 Outline of JAXA s Capacity Building Activities in cooperation with GIC-AIT 1. Number of Trainees (JFY1995 ~ 2008) : More than 1200 from 27 countries of the Asia-Pacific region 2. Staff of GIC-AIT: There are usually 12 to 15 Asian personnel including lecturers and administrative staff 16

17 GIC-AIT Staff for Mini-Projects 17

18 Scenes from Past Mini-Projects 18

19 Newly Started Selection-System with JFY2007 Mini-Projects At the 3 rd Sentinel Asia JPTM (Joint Project Team Meeting) held in Singapore in March 2007, JAXA announced, from the JFY2007, it would start selecting about 10 Mini-Projects focusing on Disaster Management through the offer for public participation due to the following 2 reasons: 1. To open the door of the Mini-Projects to all the Sentinel Asia JPT member-organizations who are interested in developing their capacities in RS/GIS mainly for both disaster and environmental management. 2. To facilitate Sentinel Asia Project, which is a disaster information sharing support system, by using the Mini- Projects as a means of supporting it. 19

20 JFY2008 Mini-Project Selection-Results 1. During April and June 2008, JAXA and GIC-AIT received 33 proposals from 62 organizations of 14 Asian countries through their websites. (Case of JFY2007: 28 proposals from 49 organizations of 13 Asian countries.) 2. In August 2008, JAXA finally selected 11 proposals as its 2008 Mini-Projects based on technical evaluation made by GIC-AIT. 3. The 1st and 2nd stages of the JFY2008 Mini- Projects successfully completed at GIC-AIT (1 st : 3 weeks from September to October 2008.) (2 nd: 5 weeks from January to February 2009.) 20

21 JFY2008 Mini-Projects(1~5) (1)Bangladesh: Flood Flood Map Improvement and Flood Risk Assessment in Context of Probable bl Seal llevelrise: ACase Study at tmatlab, Bangladesh (2)Bhutan: Landslide Landslide Hazard Zonation Mapping for Sustainable Development in view of Climate Change (3)Cambodia: GIS Database Development Development of GIS Database in Flood Prone Areas of Kratie Province, Cambodia (4)Indonesia: Forest Fire Influence of Climate Variation and Vegetation Greenness on Fire Occurrence A Case Study in Riau Province and Central Kalimantan Province (5)LaoPDR: Flood Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Flood Risk Mapping in Naguem River 21

22 JFY2008 Mini-Projects (6~11) (6) Malaysia: Mapping Mapping of Mangroves and Aquaculture Activities in the Fisheries Reserves of Sabah using RS & GIS (7) Mongolia: Drought/Land Degradation Drought and Land Degradation Study using MODIS Data (8) The Philippines: Drought Effects of Drought on Rice Production in Nueva, Ecija, Philippines (9) Sri Lanka: Coastal Zone Management /Sea Level Rise Risk Profile on Sea Level Rise for Coastal Zone Management, Galle District, Sri Lanka (10) Thailand: Flood Flood Hazard Mapping in Nan Province under the Nan River Basin, Thailand (11) Vietnam: Flood Establishment of RS Information Database for Flood Monitoring and Warning System in Thua Thien Hue 22

23 Number of Mini-Projects by Themes Themes (10) Flood Landslide Drought /Land Degrada -tion Mapping Coastal Zone Management/ Sea Level Rise Forest Fire Tsunami Volcano GIS Database/ Web- GIS Earthquake Total by Year JFY JFY JFY JFY Total by Theme

24 JFY2008 Mini-Project Participants With a JAXA researcher as one of the trainers for the 2008 Mini- Projects 24

25 JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities for the Asia-Pacific Region (2) Specialized Training in Japan for the Mini-Projects i High Achievers and Lecturers 25

26 Specialized Training in Japan for Mini-Projects High Achievers & Lecturers From JFY2006, JAXA started to invite once a year some of the highest achievers and lecturers of the Mini-Projects to Japan in order to let them have another training opportunity in their respective fields in cooperation with some specialized organizations located in Japan. 26

27 Specialized Training in Japan for Mini-Projects High Achievers & Lecturers 4 Cooperation Organizations for 2008: University of Tokyo (UT) Keio University (KU) United Nations University (UNU) International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM) under the auspices of UNESCO operated by an independent administrative institution so-called Public Works Research Institute (PWRI) of Japan. As for 2009, it will be conducted d during October. 27

28 JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities for the Asia-Pacific Region (3) ALOS Pilot Project with Indonesian LAPAN 28

29 ALOS Pilot Project with Indonesia Dec March 2009 Agreement Support JAXA RESTEC Cooperation Framework Letter, Agreement, Contract.. LAPAN Implementation Agency Implementation Agency Implementation Agency Implementation Agency Implementation Agency Implementation Agency 1ISORI,, MOA: Agriculture 1BPPT DESDIM: Natural resource map 1ITB: 1 BAKOSURTANAL: 1CReSOS: 2IPB: Base map Coastal zone management 3UNSYIAH: Regional land use map 1MOF: Forest 29map

30 JAXA s Counterpart ALOS Pilot Projects with 8 Indonesian Organizations National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of the Republic of Indonasia (LAPAN) Indonesian Soil Research Institute(ISORI), Ministry of Agriculture Participating Organizatios: 4 Government Offices & 4 Universities Geology Development and Research Centre, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Natural Resources(DESDM) National Coordinating Agency for Surveying and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL) Center for Forestry Mapping, Ministry of Forestry (MOF) Center for Remote Sensing and Ocean Sciences(CReSOS), Udayana University Remote Sensing Center, Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) Regional Development Study Center, Bogor Agriculture University (IPB) Syiah Kuala University (UNSYIAH) 30

31 ALOS Pilot Project with Indonesia Scenes from the conference held in March 2008 for reporting the JFY2007 Final Results at LAPAN with about 50 participants New Move from 2009: JAXA, LAPAN and GISTDA are planning to start the ALOS Application & Verifiction Project 31

32 JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities for the Asia-Pacific Region (4) Organizing Asia Water Cycle Initiative i i (AWCI) Meetings 32

33 AWCI (Asian Water Cycle Initiative) in cooperation with GEO Secretariat, Japanese MEXT, UT, UNU, APN to contribute to GEOSS Water is qualified as one of the 9 public social benefit fields of GEOSS. Water is concentrating on the 2 tasks out of the 5 tasks of GEOSS as below: (1) Understanding of water cycle and water management. (2) Mitigation of wind and flood damages which should be urgently worked out by utilizing earth observations. 1 st Asian Water Cycle Symposium: Nov.2005 in Tokyo, Japan 2 nd Asian Water Cycle Symposium: Jan.2007 in Tokyo, Japan 3 rd Asian Water Cycle Symposium: m Dec.2007 in Ohita Pref.Japan Asian Water Cycle Initiative Meeting: Feb.2009 in Kyoto, Japan 33

34 AWCI in cooperation with GEO Secretariat, Japanese MEXT, UT, UNU, APN to contribute to GEOSS Collective Photo of the 3 rd AWCI Symposium held in Ohita Pref., Japan, in Dec

35 JAXA s Present Capacity Building Activities for the Asia-Pacific Region (5) Sentinel Asia Project System Operation Training i 35

36 Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum [History] Established in 1993 after the Asia-Pacific International Space Year Conference (APIC) held in 1992 [Organizers] MEXT, JAXA and co-host organization Past co-host organizers: National government or related entities of Mongolia, Malaysia, Korea, Thailand, Australia, Indonesia, India and dvietnam [Last Session] APRSAF-15, which was held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in December 2008, was co-hosted by Vietnamese MOST and VAST in addition to Japanese MEXT and JAXA Sentinel Asia establishing Disaster Management Support System Working Groups Earth Observation Communication Satellite Applications ISS Space Education & Awareness 36

37 Framework of Sentinel Asia Voluntary and best-efforts-basis initiative by yparticipating p organizations Space Community * Asian-Pacific Regional Space * Asian Agency Disaster Forum Reduction Center APRSAF* Contents Satellite Image Promotion of Utilization Capacity Building Digital Earth / Web-GIS Community Sentinel Asia Joint Project Team (JPT) Joint Project Team consists of 53 organizations of 21 International Community UNESCAP, UNOOSA, ASEAN, AIT, etc. International Cooperation countries and 8 international organizations as of June Disaster Reduction Community Digital Asia Information Sharing Platform ADRC** Member Countries Web-GIS Data / Meta Data Management Contents Digital Map Social / Economic Data Satellite Image ** Asian Disaster Reduction Center Contents Disaster Information Utilization (User) 37

38 Scenes from past System Operation Trainings held in Bangkok in 2007 & 2008 Between JFY2007 and 2008, JAXA organized a system operation training for 4 times in Bangkok k for accelerating the Sentinel Asia Project by inviting 10 to 20 people each time from the memberorganizations of the project as its trainees. 38

39 Sentinel Asia Website Number of Sentinel Asia Joint Project Team (JPT) members as of June 2009: 53 organizations i from 21 countries and 8 international organizations 39

40 Thank you very much for your interest & Domo Arigato Gozaimashita 40