5 Keyboard Trackball Scanner Digital camera Networking Analog audio input Analog video input
6 Short term memory: It is used to support processor. Input, output temperory storage while data is moved or scratch pad during calculation. Scratch pad memory is important to computer to keep track of interim calculation before final answer are stored permantly. Long term memory: It provide permantent storage of data it is transferred to computer Graphics memory called VRAM. It is for high resolution for color display.
7 Processsor is the heart of the computer. Processor is based on they comparing adding, subtracting of once and zeros. It control instruction the computer about what to do. And it function is to manage input and output operation
8 Control processes also include various level of managing and controlling computer action. It provide low level activities the BIOS are used at computer startup to initalise, basic hardware functions. Computer to perform various actions, the actions are defined by programs and set of instructions are called software.
9 High resolution of monitor capable of displaying black and white to million of colors. Audio output to speaker are to other audio dervices such as amplifier or tape devices. Video output for television monitor display. Network provides communication speed between computer upto ten million bit per second.
11 Development mode: Multimedia products depends on a variety of function to create and edit, text and graphics, capture and digitalize, audio and video to assemble content into comprehensive product. Delivery mode: It depends on the ability to present text data, graphics and video, generate sound and responses to input by user to control the follow of a designation.
12 Executable: It can be completely self contain executable programs that provides for all functionality of a particular application. Libraries: Libraries are otherwise called Dynamic link library, object library or hardware and software drivers.
14 It include video display drives. Scanner. Video captures. Sound capture and playback. Mouse, Joystrick, Trackball.
16 Multimedia system have special networking requirement rather than just small volumes of data, large volume of image and video message being transmitted. These transfer are executed over LAN as well as WAN.
17 Application layer Presentation layer Session layer Transport layer Network layer Data link layer Physical layer
18 Physical layer: It define the electrical and mechancial aspect of the interfacing computer to a physical medium for transmitting data. Data link layer: It establised an error free communication path betweeen computer the physical medium.
19 Network layer: It determine the setting up of a path between computer, controlling message, messages addressing to computers, controlling message flow between computer note. Transport layer: It provide control standard for a communication session for enabling process to exchange data.
20 Session layer: It control the system and bridge the gap between the service provided by the transport layer. Presentation layer: It provides facilities to convert encoded transmitted data into forms which can be displayed on the video. Application layer: It provides the devices that directly user such as file transfer remote file access etc,
22 Multimedia application such as presentation training and messaging, multimedia application require dynamic handling of data, consist of a mix of text voice audio components, video components and image animation.
23 Facsimile: Facsimile transmission mean to transmitting document image over telephone line. It is used to allow higher scanning density for better quality fax. Full motion stored & device video: Full Motion video used for online tracing and maintanence manuals.
24 Document image: Document image are used for shorting business document. It provides to making several copies of the original document image for storage or distribution. Audio message: voice mail audio or video message as attachment to memos and documents such as maintanence manually.
25 Video message: Video message used in a similar manner to voice mail. Photographic image: It is used for a wide range application. GIS maps used to store the graphical information of the map along with a database containing information with statistical.
27 Text is the form of words,sentences and paragraphs which is used to communicate. Multimedia products depends on text for many things; they are, i) To explain how the application works. ii) To guide the user in navigating through application. iii) To deliver information for which the application was designed.
28 Multimedia application depends on entering text for many things; they are i) page title. ii) Delivering information in the form of multiple sentence and paragraphs. iii) labels and pictures. iv) Instruction for operating the application.
29 We can also positioning the text to any form controls like button, label checkbox etc.., Text is used to give the label and caption to the form controls.
30 Label are found in the title bar window (or) as identifiers for input function such as text input boxes. This is known as LABEL. Caption act as logos and identifier for other information. This is known as CAPTION
31 Animation is the use of computer generated images to convey motion digital video is capturing video from a camera (or) other source
32 Creating a series of still images that can be shown and creating a sense of motion. Manipulating and moving an object along a vector (or) path. Storing animation information in a data file for later playback.
33 Digital audio system to external audio components such as microphones audio players and recorders and speakers. Special components is called an analog to digital converter.
34 playback- translate the audio data into sound. Record- capture audio data from an analog source. Stop- halt playback. fast forward- more to a letter ppoint in data stream.
35 Analog video is video information that is stored using television video signal, film, videotape or other non computer media. This called as Analog video.
36 Several methods are available for the transmission of video signals. The most common from analog video is television. In analog video signals, each frames of the video is represented by a fluctuating voltage signal is known as an analog wave form it also refers to as composite video. Composite analog video has all the video components including brightness, color and synchronization. Combined into one signal. This is known as composite analog video.
37 NTSC National Television Standards Committee. PAL - Phase Alternate Line SECAM - Sequential Color with Memory. HDTV High Definition Televition.
38 Let us consider three classes of sounds : Voice Music Sound Effect
39 Voice to defined as talking, not singing while music can be created from human singing or musical instruments. Human voice is distinctive, it does not have great fluctuations in pitch and tone. Voice can be captured at lower frequency rate than that required for music, which captured in stereo.
40 Music can have rapid changes in tone and pitch within a period of time. Music us recorded and played in stereo (or) multiple playback tracks, to capture the richness and fullness of many singing voice (or) the instrument of an orchestra. Music requires higher capture frequency to ensure that all aspects of the sound are thoroughly recorded.
41 Sound effect can be Voice (or) Music, created by natural event such as a door slamming shut (or) a thunderclap. Sound vary in tone, pitch and time. Sound effects fall in the middle it is possible to capture low frequency with a single channel.
43 Personal computer operation and function are based on a layered approach to running software programs. These layers of computer programs operates the computer from the most primitive level such as collecting keystrokes, to carrying out advanced processing for multimedia products. Consider the following figure describes an overview the relationship between the lower level programs (BIOS) application software.
44 The Operating system is implemented at various layers that support for computer hardware and software capabilities. Disk operating system is able to read and write data to various media. The operating system enable the computer to; Present information in monitor. Output information to a printer. Communication with other compute via modems and networks. Share information and functions of various programs in a computer (example clipboard)
45 It is used to capture, store and present text, pictures, audio and video. CD-ROM: It means Compact Disk Read Only Memory. It is used to packing for multimedia product. CD-ROM is capable of storing between 500 and 680 megabytes of data. CD-ROM drives can be interfaced to a computer via SCSI (Small Computer System Interface), IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics), parallel and proprietary. CD-ROM drivers package with audio capture / payback boards (or) similar devices. Various CD formats: Consider the various types of CD formats are:
46 Types of disk Year Type Information Specification CD-DA 1982 Music Red Book CD-I 1988 Allow audio and video data. Green Book CD-R 1991 Store large volume of data. CD-XR 1985 allow for compressed audio added to other multimedia data. CD-Tr 1990 Increased storage capacity. Orange Book Yellow Book White Book
50 DSP processed a signal as series of number, (i.e) signal is represented by number. It is called as DSP (or) digital audio signal processing. In the audio domain used low pass filter will reduce the high frequency in the signal In hardware and software, DSP is used to modify sound for recording and playback. A simple DSP algorithm is create filters like high-pass, band pass, and band reject.
51 DSP also include time- wraping signals such as word fit system. Word fit system is used to make the re- recorded sound that match in time the orginal spoken dialogue. DSP is a simple multi plication. It also compressed (or) reduced the dynamic range of a signal. For example, this is used in automobiles. These are called as audio compression. Now-a-days, we are using desktop audio, sound is stored a files on a hard disk. DSP is possible for add-in boards for Macintosh
52 A speech recognition system is breaking speech down into a parametric representation The speech signal is barmeterized and the output used band pass filter (or) LPC coefficients (or) cepsrtal coefficients. The template contains law spectral data (or) vector quantized spectral data. It is called as template. The time varying input signal is reasured against several timevarying templates. The result represented as time-scale. One algorithm is hidden Markov modal(hmm). HMM is used to identify finite- sate machine with probabilities associated with the transition from one state to another. If speech recognition is to be used in business application, than good acoustic conditions will be required to reduce noise.
53 A speech synthesis is text-to-speech. It is denoted as TTS. TTS system assumed that the text already exits in Machine- readable from like an ASCLL file. The Machine- readable from is obtained from OCR (optical character recognition).tts converts text symbols to a parameter stream representation of sounds. Another parts of the stream are broken down into morphemes.
54 Wave form recorded in WAVE format are converted from analog to digital. Every sample is represented by either one (or) two bytes. If the sound is in stereo, we get twice as many samples. This method of representing sound and voice generates large volume of data. For example,a one minute recoding of 16-bit sound at a 44.1khz sampling in stereo mode generates mbytes of compressed data.
56 MUSICAL INSTRUMENT DIGITAL INTERFACE (MIDI) Dave smith proposal was called as musical instrument digital interface (MIDI). Electronic musical instrument uses electronic synthesizers, to generate multitimbral and polyphonic sounds to create music. A synthesizer can create sounds (voices) for different instrument such as piano, trumpet, violin, sax phone and drums. It is know as synthesizer. These sound are called voices (or) patches.
57 Multitimbral means a synthesizer can generate (or) play sounds of multiple different instrument simultaneously. This is known as multitimbral. Polyphonic means a synthesizer is capable of playing multiple notes simultaneously. This is called as polyphonic. MIDI files record events and are much smaller in size.
58 MIDI is a system specification has both hardware and software components, which define interconnectivity and communication protocol for electronic synthesizer sequencers, rhythm machines, personal computers and other electronic musical instruments. The interconnectivity is defined the standard cabling scheme, connector type input/output circuitry which enable these different MIDI instrument to be interconnected.
59 The MIDI communication protocol uses multibyte messages. The number of bytes depends on the type of message. There are two types of messages: i) Channel message ii) system message
60 i)channel MESSAGE A channel messsage have up to three bytes in a message. The first byte is called a Status byte and other is called as databytes. There are two types of channel message. 1.Voice message 2.Mode message
61 System message apply to the complete system rather then specific channel. There are three types of system, 1.Common Message 2.System Real- Time Message 3.System Exclusive Message
63 CD-audio clip making is to capturing most of the wave includes a number of audio clip making techniques as: Training is removers dead sport from the beginning and end of a digital recording. splicing and assembly is linking audio segments together, usually from different files. Volume adjustment is increasing the loudness or softening the sound level it also use to soften or eliminate distortions. Format conversion is changing the file format to more audio between computer system or
64 Digital representation of sound
65 sound is represention in digital form that is analog signal is converted into digital. Time Domain Sampled Representation: Sound is analog and also continuous in both time and amplitude. It can be measured to an arbitary degree of accuracy at any point in time. Signal is defined only at certain point in time. It takes a finite number of values. The rate of separating intervals is called Sample frequency. From sampling theorem if a signal frequency component is denoted as f. Therefore the sampling frequency is denated as 2f. In the early days digital audio is used sampling frequency at 44.1KHZ and 48KHZ. The range of human hearing is 20KHZ. The highest frequency that is one halt the sampling rate is called as the Nyquist Frequency.
66 Consider the above fig (i),(ii) marked by dashed lines. To translete this vertical bar into a digital value or number by using PCM or Pulse Code Modulation. The hardware devices such as (DACs) Digital-to-analog Converted and (ADCs) Analog to-digital Converters, which is used analog signal into digital form. The hardware ADC accept the analog signal and taken its value at sampling time. It product the output in the form of digital number. The opposite end has DCA which accept this digital number or value os converted into some elecrical signals such as voltage or current, send this signal to the outside world. If the converted signal is fed to a loudspeaker, we are hearing a recorded signal.
67 There is a filter called the anti-alias filter. This filter is used in ADC to remove the Nyquist frequency. Reconstant used in ADC to remove the Nyquist frequency. Reconstruction filter, associated with DAC. The filtering associated with DAC and ADC can produce distortions into the signal. There is one solution to use oversampling DACs. The DCA operates at four, eight or some multiple of the sample frequency. S
68 UNIT -4 DIGITAL VIDEO AND IMAGE COMPRESSION
69 JPEG image compression standards JPEG means a joint photographic expert group.jpeg is a compression standard for color image and gray scale images. It is also known as continuous tone images. Definitions in JPEG standard: the JPEG standards have three levels of definition as follows: Base line system Extended system Special lossless function (or)predictive lossless coding
70 Base line system: the baseline system is used for decompression of color images. It maintains a high compression ratio,and handle from 4bits/pixel. Extended system: the extended system covers the various encoding aspect such as Variable-length encoding, progressive encoding, hierarchical mode Special lossless function: the special lossless coding function is also known as predictive lossless coding. It ensures that at the resolution at which the image is compressed, decompression result in no loss of any detail in the original image.
71 JPEG-architecture(or)components JPEG components are; Baseline sequential code DCT progressive mode Predictive lossless encoding Hierarchical mode The base line sequential code defines a compression method for most application. the other three modes are the enhancement to this baseline method.
72 JPEG-discrete cosine transform DCT is related to fourier transformation. Fourier transformation are used to represent a 2-D sound signal. It consists of amplitude on the Y-axis frequency and X-axis points.it can be reduced to a series of equation that represent sine waves and harmonic of sine waves.dct used to reduce the gray-scale level(or)color signal amplitude to equation that require very few points to locate the amplitude.
73 JPEG-DCT coefficients each 8*8 block of source image sample is effectively a 64-point discrete signal. This signal is decomposed into 64 orthogonal basis signal. The output amplitude of the set of 64 orthogonal basis signals are called DCT coefficients. the co-efficient with zero frequency in both dimension is called the DC-coefficient and the remaining ones are called AC-coefficient.
74 JPEG - Quantization It uses DCT coefficients and provides many-to-one mapping. the quantization process is lossy, due to its many-to-one mapping. These are known as quantization. The quantization coefficient is described by the followings equation: Quantized coefficient(i,j)=dct(i,j)/quantum(i,j) the quantized coefficient is obtained by dividing a DCT output matrix by a quantum matrix to generate quantized DCT values. The quantum matrix contains quantum values is called as stepsize.
75 JPEG statistical coding The JPEG standard allows two types of statistical coding. they are, Huffman coding: Huffman coding requires one or more set of huffman code. The huffman tables may be predefined and used with in an application or computed specifically for a given images. They are called as Huffman coding base, line sequential code: the baseline sequential code has three steps.they are formation of DCT coefficient, quantization and entropy encoding. The baseline sequential code is a risk compression method for many application. Huffman coding is used for entropy encoding. Huffman coding is used for entropy encoding. Yhese are called as base sequential code.
76 JPEG-predictive lossless coding it is set up as a simple predictive method and independent of DCT processing.the predicated areas are checked against fully lossless sample for each area and the difference is encoded lossless by using huffman (or)arithmetic coding. JPEG-Performance compression performance is best and produce qulify images. Data stream is compressed by bits per pixel. It performans is good qulity and sufficient for most application.
77 THE MPEG VIDEO COMPRESSION TWO METHODS Discreate- transform based compression for the reduction of spatial redundancy. Block based motion compensation for the reduction of motion redundancy.
78 THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF PICTURE Intra pictures Unidirectionally predicted pictures Bidirection predicted picture Intra picture and Unidirectionally predicated picture are called anchorpicture
79 1. VIDEO CODING: MPEG-2 profile and levels 2. AUDIO CODING MPEG-1 audio standard for backward compatibility Layer 2 audio definition for MPEG -2 and stereo sound Multichannel sound 3. MULTIPLEXING MPEG definition. Recently the new version of MPEG is know as MPEG-4.it used new algorithm and result in high compression.
80 THE REPRESENT OF THREE TYPES OF PICTURE MPEG -2 AND MPEG-4 The MPEG-2 standard is defined to include current television broadcasting compression and decompression and attempts to include HDTV broadcasting. The MPEG -2 standard supports:
81 DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDING Digital video system deals with a recorded video as the input to the digital system. Recording scenes is done one at a time. This process OR capturing the scenes one at a time is called production Each of the scenes is run from its original tape undertime code control and recorded in the new tape to create and edited master. A recording copies from a single edited master is called protection copy. Re tape is called duping and the resulting tape is called a dup. If the dup from the edit master is the use to digitized.
82 VIDEO CLIP MAKING Video clip making software comes in three basic forms; I. Video capture II.Video editing III.Video playback
83 VIDEO CAPTURE Video capture software is used to controlvide capture hardware. It includes the ability to control the video signal input character such as color and brightness. It also control the video is captured and includes frames rate,frame size, color depth, bit rate and audio sampling.
84 VIDEO EDITING Compression raw digital video to reduced as smailer files. Copying,cutting,pasting and deleting video data sources Combining frames from two OR more video data sources
85 VIDEO PLAYBACK Video playback is able to display a digital video file within another application. it s capability to play a video clip within window OR full-screen application. It s based to play pause,stop, rewind, fast forwards and retreat.
87 Meaning: Authoring tools are used for designing interactivity and the user interface for presenting project on a screen. Types of authoring tools/ categories of authoring tool: Simple authoring delivery tools. Programming languages for authoring. Simple interactive authoring tools. Complex interactive authoring tools.
88 Multimedia authoring software you can made Video production. Animation. Games. Interactive web sites. Demo disk and guided tours. Presentation. Kiosk application Interactive training.
89 Authoring tools are consist of two basic features: Authoring facility for creating and editing. Presentation vehicle for delivery.
90 Meaning: Basic multimedia authoring start with the premise that a product can be delivered as text on a screen using a simple word process. GUI based word processor are able to both text and graphics.
91 Meaning: Multimedia product can be developed and delivered using programming tool such as Assembly language can BASIC.
92 Meaning: Simple interactive authoring tools are provided the critical features of being able to interactively navigate through a product. It is typically capable of presenting text, graphics, audio and video in a vary intergrated easy to use environment.
93 Meaning: Advanced tools generally fault into three catgories based on how they are used for a creation and editing. Types of complex interactive authoring tools: Card based or page based authoring tool Icon-based event-driven tools. Time-based tool or temporal based to time set.
94 Designing text for the web the tag; To specify a font,use the color attribute. To set the size of the text, use the size attribute. Creating animation for the web the tag provide very limited dynamism to HTML. The GIF89 format specification creates simple animation It integrates multiple images,or frames,into a single GIF89 a file and displays between them
95 Creating image for the web browsers recognize three image formats, GIF,PNG, and JPEG. Graphical interchange file (GIF) images are limited to 8bits of color depth (256colors). It is a commercial image format. Adding sounds to web pages plug-ins allows embedding of sounds into HTML documents. internet explorer offers the tag to play an AU, WAV, or MIDI sound track in a document background
96 Limit animated GIFs to small images macromedia shockwave, director,flash,and quick time are a few plug-ins used for animation. Creating animation for the web plug-ins and players; full animation capability became available to web developers with the introduction of macromedia s shockwave. macromedia flash uses shockwave to create a.swf (shockwave flash) version of the native. Summary HTML provides tags for performing varied functions.the three primary image formats used on the web are GIF,PIN, and JPEG. image, sounds,and animation can be embedded in an HTML file.
Multimedia What is multimedia? Media types +Text + Graphics + Audio +Image +Video Interchange formats What is multimedia? Multimedia = many media User interaction = interactivity Script = time 1 2 Most
Multimedia What is multimedia? Media types + Text +Graphics +Audio +Image +Video Interchange formats Petri Vuorimaa 1 What is multimedia? Multimedia = many media User interaction = interactivity Script
Multimedia Application An (usually) interactive piece of software which communicates to the user using several media e.g Text, graphics (illustrations, photos), audio (music, sounds), animation and video.
2.4 Audio Compression 2.4.1 Pulse Code Modulation Audio signals are analog waves. The acoustic perception is determined by the frequency (pitch) and the amplitude (loudness). For storage, processing and
Audio and video compression 4.1 introduction Unlike text and images, both audio and most video signals are continuously varying analog signals. Compression algorithms associated with digitized audio and
CS 335 Graphics and Multimedia Image Compression CCITT Image Storage and Compression Group 3: Huffman-type encoding for binary (bilevel) data: FAX Group 4: Entropy encoding without error checks of group
1 Robert Matthew Buckley Nova Southeastern University Dr. Laszlo MCIS625 On Line Module 2 Graphics File Format Essay 2 JPEG COMPRESSION METHOD Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) is the most commonly
CSCD 443/533 Advanced Networks Fall 2017 Lecture 18 Compression of Video and Audio 1 Topics Compression technology Motivation Human attributes make it possible Audio Compression Video Compression Performance
Ref. Page Slide 1/16 Learning Objectives In this chapter you will learn about: Multimedia Multimedia computer system Main components of multimedia and their associated technologies Common multimedia applications
ComputerFixed.co.uk Page: 1 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org UNDERSTANDING MUSIC & VIDEO FORMATS Are you confused with all the different music and video formats available? Do you know the difference between
Skill Area 214: Use a Multimedia Application (SWA) Skill Area 214: Use a Multimedia 214.4 Produce Audio Files What is digital audio? Audio is another meaning for sound. Digital audio refers to a digital
Chapter 1 Introduction to Multimedia Networking CLO1: Define fundamentals of multimedia networking Upon completion of this chapter students should be able to define: 1- Multimedia 2- Multimedia types and
Contents List of Figures List of Tables Contributing Authors xiii xxi xxiii Introduction Karlheinz Brandenburg and Mark Kahrs xxix 1 Audio quality determination based on perceptual measurement techniques
Compression Part 2 Lossy Image Compression (JPEG) General Compression Design Elements 2 Application Application Model Encoder Model Decoder Compression Decompression Models observe that the sensors (image
CSC 170 Introduction to Computers and Their Applications Lecture #2 Digital Audio Basics Digital Audio Basics Digital audio is music, speech, and other sounds represented in binary format for use in digital
15 Data Compression Data compression implies sending or storing a smaller number of bits. Although many methods are used for this purpose, in general these methods can be divided into two broad categories:
CHAPTER 2 - DIGITAL DATA REPRESENTATION AND NUMBERING SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION Digital computers use sequences of binary digits (bits) to represent numbers, letters, special symbols, music, pictures, and videos.
Professor Brendan Morris, SEB 3216, email@example.com EE482: Digital Signal Processing Applications Spring 2014 TTh 14:30-15:45 CBC C222 Lecture 13 Audio Signal Processing 14/04/01 http://www.ee.unlv.edu/~b1morris/ee482/
COS 116 The Computational Universe Laboratory 4: Digital Sound and Music In this lab you will learn about digital representations of sound and music, especially focusing on the role played by frequency
Multimedia Communications Transform Coding Transform coding Transform coding: source output is transformed into components that are coded according to their characteristics If a sequence of inputs is transformed
Image coding and compression Robin Strand Centre for Image Analysis Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala University Today Information and Data Redundancy Image Quality Compression Coding
MULTI-MEDIA PRODUCTION Basic Multimedia Elements i. Text ii. Graphics iii. Sound iv. Video v. Animations Digitization of Multimedia Elements Analogue and digital signals Analogue signal: a continuous signal
Dr. Shahanawaj Ahamad Dr. S.Ahamad, SWE-423, Unit-04 1 Dr. S.Ahamad, SWE-423, Unit-04 2 Nowadays small multimedia features are included in all desktop software that you can use to create documents. The
For Mac and iphone James McCartney Core Audio Engineer Eric Allamanche Core Audio Engineer 2 3 James McCartney Core Audio Engineer 4 Topics About audio representation formats Converting audio Processing
Video Codec Design Developing Image and Video Compression Systems Iain E. G. Richardson The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK JOHN WILEY & SONS, LTD Contents 1 Introduction l 1.1 Image and Video Compression
The MPEG Handbook MPEG-l.MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Second edition John Watkinson PT ^PVTPR AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON. NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Focal Press is an
Compression; Error detection & correction compression: squeeze out redundancy to use less memory or use less network bandwidth encode the same information in fewer bits some bits carry no information some
Data Storage Slides derived from those available on the web site of the book: Computer Science: An Overview, 11 th Edition, by J. Glenn Brookshear Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Data Storage Bits
DSP The Technology Presented to the IEEE Central Texas Consultants Network by Sergio Liberman Abstract The multimedia products that we enjoy today share a common technology backbone: Digital Signal Processing
Module 7 VIDEO CODING AND MOTION ESTIMATION Lesson 20 Basic Building Blocks & Temporal Redundancy Instructional Objectives At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to: 1. Name at least five
Tema 0: Transmisión de Datos Multimedia Clases de aplicaciones multimedia Redes basadas en IP y QoS Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach Featuring the Internet, 3 rd edition. Jim Kurose, Keith Ross
The Gullibility of Human Senses Three simple tricks for producing LBSC 690: Week 9 Multimedia Jimmy Lin College of Information Studies University of Maryland Monday, April 2, 2007 Images Video Audio But
Chapter 2: Representation of Multimedia Data Audio Technology Images and Graphics Video Technology Chapter 3: Multimedia Systems Communication Aspects and Services Chapter 4: Multimedia Systems Storage
Ch 4: Multimedia Recent advances in technology have changed our use of audio and video. In the past, we listened to an audio broadcast through a radio and watched a video program broadcast through a TV.
Chapter - 5 : IMAGE COMPRESSION (Basic) Q() Explain the different types of redundncies that exists in image.? (8M May6 Comp) [8M, MAY 7, ETRX] A common characteristic of most images is that the neighboring
About MPEG Compression HD video requires significantly more data than SD video. A single HD video frame can require up to six times more data than an SD frame. To record such large images with such a low
MEDIA RELATED FILE TYPES Data Everything on your computer is a form of data or information and is ultimately reduced to a binary language of ones and zeros. If all data stayed as ones and zeros the information
Lesson 11 Media Retrieval Information Retrieval Image Retrieval Video Retrieval Audio Retrieval Information Retrieval Retrieval = Query + Search Informational Retrieval: Get required information from database/web
Digital Representation Chapter : Representation of Multimedia Data Audio Technology s and Graphics Video Technology Chapter 3: Multimedia Systems Communication Aspects and Services Chapter 4: Multimedia
Digital Planet: Tomorrow s Technology and You George Beekman Ben Beekman Tenth Edition Digital Planet: Tomorrow s Technology and You Chapter 3 Hardware Basics Peripherals Chapter 3 Objectives List several
Standard Alphanumeric Formats Unicode BCD ASCII EBCDIC Unicode Next slides 16-bit standard Developed by a consortia Intended to supercede older 7- and 8-bit codes Unicode Version 2.1 1998 Improves on version
Hardware Multimedia computers Video and graphics Audio Telephone, video conference, and networks CD and DVD USB and FireWire Processors Video for Windows, DirectX, and ActiveMovie Petri Vuorimaa 1 Multimedia
Chapter 14 MPEG Audio Compression 14.1 Psychoacoustics 14.2 MPEG Audio 14.3 Other Commercial Audio Codecs 14.4 The Future: MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 14.5 Further Exploration 1 Li & Drew c Prentice Hall 2003 14.1
MODERN OPERATING SYSTEMS Third Edition ANDREW S. TANENBAUM Chapter 7 Multimedia Operating Systems Introduction To Multimedia (1) Figure 7-1. Video on demand using different local distribution technologies.
7.5 Dictionary-based Coding LZW uses fixed-length code words to represent variable-length strings of symbols/characters that commonly occur together, e.g., words in English text LZW encoder and decoder
CS559 Lecture 9 JPEG, Raster Algorithms These are course notes (not used as slides) Written by Mike Gleicher, Sept. 2005 With some slides adapted from the notes of Stephen Chenney Lossy Coding 2 Suppose
Optimizing A/V Content For Mobile Delivery Media Encoding using Helix Mobile Producer 11.0 November 3, 2005 Optimizing A/V Content For Mobile Delivery 1 Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Source Media...
Data Representation and Networking Instructor: Dmitri A. Gusev Spring 2007 CSC 120.02: Introduction to Computer Science Lecture 3, January 30, 2007 Data Representation Topics Covered in Lecture 2 (recap+)
MULTIMEDIA FINAL EXAM SUMMARY 1 TOPIC 5 (TEXT) Text can be defined as a combination of letters that form sentences or words to explain or discuss a topic which is known as text information. Information
Tú Teacher de Inglés 1 0B This is a list of vocabulary related to information and communication technology. Coloque el significado en español sobre las líneas. Anti-virus software = - A program that finds
Multimedia Signals and Systems Motion Picture Compression - MPEG Kunio Takaya Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Saskatchewan March 9, 2008 MPEG video coding A simple introduction Dr. S.R.
Audio,Video & Lighting Multiple Choice Questions and Answers :- 1. A multimedia file a) is same as any other regular file b) Must be accessed at specific rate c) stored on remote server cannot be delivered
Chapter 4 Audio Recording Software Digital Audio Produc/on [IP3038PA] Learning Objectives By the end of the class, you should be able to: 1 List the different parts of the computer- based digital audio
Professional Powerpoint Presentation II Facilitator: Patrick Ng Fall 2012 Practical concerns in delivering presentation Creative Visual Possibility & Optimization for Presentation PPTII & IV: Quick Style,
Revision IMS2603 Information Management in Organisations Lecture 19 Media Formats Last week s lectures looked at MARC as a specific instance of complex metadata representation and at Content Management
DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING WRITTEN REPORT ADAPTIVE IMAGE COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES FOR WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS SUBMITTED BY: NAVEEN MATHEW FRANCIS #105249595 INTRODUCTION The advent of new technologies
Chapter 11.3 MPEG-2 MPEG-2: For higher quality video at a bit-rate of more than 4 Mbps Defined seven profiles aimed at different applications: Simple, Main, SNR scalable, Spatially scalable, High, 4:2:2,
ECE 499/599 Data Compression & Information Theory Thinh Nguyen Oregon State University Adminstrivia Office Hours TTh: 2-3 PM Kelley Engineering Center 3115 Class homepage http://www.eecs.orst.edu/~thinhq/teaching/ece499/spring06/spring06.html
Standard File Formats Introduction:... 2 Text: TXT and RTF... 4 Grapics: BMP, GIF, JPG and PNG... 5 Audio: WAV and MP3... 8 Video: AVI and MPG... 11 Page 1 Introduction You can store many different types
Introduction to Digital Audio Compression B. Cavagnolo and J. Bier Berkeley Design Technology, Inc. 2107 Dwight Way, Second Floor Berkeley, CA 94704 (510) 665-1600 firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.bdti.com INTRODUCTION
Experiment 3 Getting Start with Simulink Objectives : By the end of this experiment, the student should be able to: 1. Build and simulate simple system model using Simulink 2. Use Simulink test and measurement
Pro Tools Addendum Version 6.2 for HD Systems on Windows or Macintosh Digidesign 2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA tel: 650 731 6300 fax: 650 731 6399 Technical Support (USA) tel:
COMP 9 Advanced Distributed Systems Multimedia Networking The Video Data Type Coding & Compression Basics Kevin Jeffay Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill email@example.com
Technical and Functional Standards for Digital Court Recording As of February 2015 Overview This document provides detailed specifications for Digital Court Recording (DCR) systems which meet the court
DA-300USB D/A CONVERTER Owner s Manual You can print more than one page of a PDF onto a single sheet of paper. Front panel Display Rear panel Contents Accessories 3 Features 4 High quality sound 4 High
Personal computer hardware From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Computer hardware) Personal computer hardware are component devices which are typically installed into or peripheral to
Components of a personal computer Computer systems ranging from a controller in a microwave oven to a large supercomputer contain components providing five functions. A typical personal computer has hard,
Introduzione alle Biblioteche Digitali Audio/Video Biblioteche Digitali 1 Gestione del video Perchè è importante poter gestire biblioteche digitali di audiovisivi Caratteristiche specifiche dell audio/video
International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 3, Issue 4, July-August, 15 ISSN 91-2730 A Image Comparative Study using DCT, Fast Fourier, Wavelet Transforms and Huffman Algorithm
1.1.1 Binary systems In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the binary numeral system, or base-2 numeral system, which represents numeric values using two different
Arkansas Career and Technology Education, Business/Marketing Technology, Multimedia Applications I (Grades 10-12) MULTIMEDIA Unit 1: Introduction to Multimedia 1.1 Define multimedia and describe the basic
vinodsrivastava.com FLASH 1. What is a Layer? Layer helps us to organize the artwork in your document. When we create a flash document it contain one layer but we can add more. Objects are placed in layer
Introduction to Computers Considers: Definition of computer Computer system devices Central Processing Unit Introduction to software What Is A Computer? A computer is an electronic device, operating under
For Powerful Digital Marketing and Total Multimedia Solution DV-66 User s Guide Acknowledgements The MedeaWiz logo and DV-66 are trademarks of MedeaWiz Corporation. All other trademarks or registered trademarks
rought to You by 2009 Video Security Consultants Presented by Part 2 of 4 A1 Part 2 of 4 How to Avert a Compression Depression Illustration by Jerry King While bandwidth is widening, larger video systems
Transcribing and Coding Audio and Video Files Contents TRANSCRIBING AND CODING AUDIO AND VIDEO FILES... 1 GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE ANALYSIS OF AUDIO AND VIDEO FILES... 1 THE MEDIA PLAYER TOOLBAR...
AVer MediaCenter User Manual DISCLAIMER All the screen shots in this documentation are only example images. The images may vary depending on the product and software version. Information presented in this
CSC 170 Fall 2017 Dr. R. M. Siegfried Study Guide for Final Exam Definitions to know: Lecture #1 1. Data 2. Digitization 3. Bit 4. Byte 5. Binary Numbers 6. How Are Characters Stored? a. ASCII b. Unicode
Bi-Level Image Compression EECE 545: Data Compression by Dave Tompkins The University of British Columbia http://spmg.ece.ubc.ca Overview Introduction to Bi-Level Image Compression Existing Facsimile Standards:
What s New in Pro Tools 5.0.1 Digidesign Inc. 3401-A Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA tel: 650 842 7900 fax: 650 842 7999 Technical Support (USA) 650 842 6699 650 856 4275 Product Information (USA)
Discovering Computers 2008 Chapter 5 Input 1 Chapter 5 Objectives Define input List the characteristics of a keyboard Describe different mouse types and how they work Summarize how various pointing devices
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOR STANDARDISATION ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 CODING OF MOVING PICTURES AND AUDIO ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N15071 February 2015, Geneva,