Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad"

Transcription

1 AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Main reference: Christopher T. Kilian, (2001), Modern Control Technology: Components and Systems Publisher: Delmar

2 Lecture 3 Introduction to Microprocessor-Based Control Topics to be covered include: What a microprocessor and microcontroller. Analog-to-digital converters and digital-to-analog converters. Understand the principles of digital controller software. Various types of available digital controllers, that is, microcontrollers, single-board computers, programmable logic controllers, and personal computers. 2

3 Microprocessors Microprocessors require additional components to be useful RAM, ROM, etc. 3

4 Microcontrollers Microcontrollers are essentially microprocessors with built-in features to be used independently. 4

5 Reasons for Microprocessor Control Low-level signals converted to digital can be transmitted long distances error free. Micro can handle complex calculations. Memory is available for tracking and storage. Loading new programs for control change is easy. Easily connected to networks. 5

6 Microprocessor System Hardware A computer is made up of four basic blocks: Central Processing Unit (CPU) Does the actual computing. Arithmetic Unit performs math and logic Control: Manages flow of data Memory RAM volatile, read/write memory ROM nonvolatile, read only EPROM/EEPROM/Flash Erasable ROM Input ports Output ports 6

7 Microprocessor System Hardware 7

8 Microprocessor Instructions & Op-Codes Each processor has its own instruction set of commands to control its operation. Move data Perform math operations Perform logical operations Each instruction has a unique Op-code, a binary value associated to it. ( or 4D). An Accumulator is staging area for data data is moved into it, and operations are performed on that data. 8

9 Machine Code/Mnemonics/PC Machine Code The program the CPU follows represented in binary or hex. Mnemonics Abbreviations representing an op-code. Programs written in assembly language use mnemonics. Program counter Used to point to the memory address of the instruction to be performed. Fetch-execute cycles Performed to bring an instruction into memory and execute it. 9

10 Microprocessor Instructions & Op-Codes 10

11 DAC - Parallel Parallel Interface: Transfers 8-bits (or more) at once. Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) converts 8- digital data to analog. 11

12 DAC Formula & Resolution V out = DAC output analog voltage input = Decimal value of binary input V ref = Reference DC voltage Resolution The worst case error introduced when converting. In an 8-bit DAC, there are 255 possible steps. The resolution is the smallest step size, or 1/255, 0.39%. 12

13 DAC Example 13

14 DAC Example 14

15 ADC Analog-to-Digital converter (ADC): A circuit that converts an analog voltage to digital. 15

16 ADC Formula & Resolution V in = ADC input analog voltage output = Decimal value of binary input V ref = Reference DC voltage Resolution The worst case error introduced when converting. In an 8- bit ADC, there are 255 possible steps. The resolution is the smallest step size, or 1/255, 0.39%. Conversion Time The time required to convert an analog voltage to digital. 16

17 ADC Example 17

18 A Parallel Control System Lecture 3 18

19 Serial Interface Data is sent 1 bit at a time. Reduces number of cables or lines More easily shielded from noise. Existing data lines may be used (phone). Parallel data must be converted to serial to transmit, and vice-versa on receive. A UART (Universal Asynchronous Transmitter Receiver) is a device which performs this conversion. 19

20 Serial Interface 20

21 RS-232 RS-232 is a specification which defines standard for serial interfaces between DTEs (Data Terminal Equipment Computers), and DCEs (Data Communication Equipment Modems, etc). DTE to DTE communications can be performed serially using a cross-over or Null-Modem cable. 21

22 Controller Programmer Real Time control Program runs in a loop, sensing the current condition and calculating new output to the actuator. Each pass through the program is an iteration or scan. The frequency at which new data is collected is the sampling rate (scan time). Time-delay loops may be inserted to slow the execution or scan time. Programs can be written at the lowest level (machine code, assembler) or high level languages (C), BASIC, etc. 22

23 Microcontrollers A single-chip computer specifically designed for I/O control. On board RAM, ROM, possibly timers and ADCs. High speed is not required due to low complexity of tasks. Very large cost savings over microcomputers. Use reduced instruction set computer (RISC). Motorola 68HC11, Intel 8051, PIC 16C72, Atmel AVR, BASIC Stamp 23

24 Most common microcontrollers 8-bit microcontrollers AVR Advanced Virtual RISC Alf-Egil Bogen and Vegard Wollan PIC Programmable Interrupt Controller HCS bit microcontrollers ARM Advanced RISC Machine PIC32

25 Motorola 68HC11 Microcontroller Block Diagram 25

26 Intel 8051 Microcontroller Block Diagram 26

27 PIC 16C72 Microcontroller Block Diagram 27

28 AVR Microcontroller Block Diagram (Atmega32) Lecture 3 28

29 Single-Board Computers A computer on a single board. Programmable for I/O control and the ability to use high level peripherals. 29

30 Programmable Logic Controllers Self-contained microprocessor based controller. Designed for fast connection and control of processes. Used extensively in industrial control environments. Programs in relay-logic to be compatible to the more traditional electrical workforce. 30

31 A simple example implemented by PLC Lecture 3 Example 4: A batch process(filling a vat with a liquid, mixing the liquid, and draining the vat) is automated with a PLC. 1. A fill valve opens and lets a liquid into a vat until it s full. 2. The liquid in the vat is mixed for 3 min. 3. A drain valve opens and drains the tank. 31

32 A simple example implemented by PLC Lecture 3 Example 5: 32

33 Using a PLC as a Two-Point Controller A Lecture 3 Example 5: 33

34 Personal Computers Used in Control Systems PCs with dedicated I/O and data acquisition cards and specialized software may be used as controllers. 34

35 A little history The PIC appeared around bit bus executes 1 instruction in 4 clock cycles AVR (1994) 8 bit bus one instruction per cycle

36 AVR 8-Bit RISC Low Power Consumption 1.8 to 5.5V operation will use all the energy stored in your batteries A variety of sleep modes AVR Flash microcontrollers have up to six different sleep modes fast wake-up from sleep modes

37 AVR 8-Bit RISC Compatibility AVR Flash microcontrollers share a single core architecture 8 to 100 pins use the same code for all families 1 Kbytes to 256 Kbytes of code all devices have Internal oscillators

38 Why Atmel s AVR Microcontroller? 1. RISC architecture with mostly fixed-length instruction, loadstore memory access, and 32 general-purpose registers. 2. A two-stage instruction pipeline that speeds up execution. 3. Majority of instructions take one clock cycle 4. Up to 20-MHz clock operation 5. Wide variety of on-chip peripherals, including digital I/O, ADC, EEPROM, Timer, UART, RTC timer, pulse width modulator (PWM), etc 6. Internal program and data memory 7. Available in 8-pin to 64-pin package size to suit wide variety of applications 8. Up to 12 times performance speedup over conventional CISC controllers. 9. Wide operating voltage from 2.7 V to 6.0 V.

Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Main reference: Christopher T. Kilian, (2001), Modern Control Technology: Components and Systems Publisher: Delmar

More information

2011 Pearson Higher Education, Mazidi, Naimi, and Naimi Pearson Higher Education, 2011 Pearson Higher Education,

2011 Pearson Higher Education, Mazidi, Naimi, and Naimi Pearson Higher Education, 2011 Pearson Higher Education, Objectives Students should be able to: The AVR microcontroller and embedded systems using assembly and c Introduction to AVR Chapter 1 Compare and contrast microprocessors and microcontrollers Describe

More information

Lecture 14. Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Lecture 14. Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Lecture 14 AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS Ali Karimpour Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Lecture 4 The AVR Microcontroller Introduction to AVR CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) Put as

More information

ATmega128. Introduction

ATmega128. Introduction ATmega128 Introduction AVR Microcontroller 8-bit microcontroller released in 1997 by Atmel which was founded in 1984. The AVR architecture was conceived by two students (Alf-Egil Bogen, Vergard-Wollen)

More information

Computer Hardware Requirements for ERTSs: Microprocessors & Microcontrollers

Computer Hardware Requirements for ERTSs: Microprocessors & Microcontrollers Lecture (4) Computer Hardware Requirements for ERTSs: Microprocessors & Microcontrollers Prof. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Philadelphia University-Jordan DERTS-MSc, 2015 Prof. Kasim Al-Aubidy 1 Lecture Outline:

More information

acret Ameya Centre for Robotics & Embedded Technology Syllabus for Diploma in Embedded Systems (Total Eight Modules-4 Months -320 Hrs.

acret Ameya Centre for Robotics & Embedded Technology Syllabus for Diploma in Embedded Systems (Total Eight Modules-4 Months -320 Hrs. acret Ameya Centre for Robotics & Embedded Technology Syllabus for Diploma in Embedded Systems (Total Eight Modules-4 Months -320 Hrs.) Module 0 Introduction Introduction to Embedded Systems, Real Time

More information

Diploma in Embedded Systems

Diploma in Embedded Systems Diploma in Embedded Systems Duration: 5 Months[5 days a week,3 hours a day, Total 300 hours] Module 1: 8051 Microcontroller in Assemble Language Characteristics of Embedded System Overview of 8051 Family

More information

Microcontrollers. Principles and Applications. Ajit Pal +5 V 2K 8. 8 bit dip switch. P2 8 Reset switch Microcontroller AT89S52 100E +5 V. 2.

Microcontrollers. Principles and Applications. Ajit Pal +5 V 2K 8. 8 bit dip switch. P2 8 Reset switch Microcontroller AT89S52 100E +5 V. 2. Ajit Pal Microcontrollers Principles and Applications +5 V 2K 8 8 bit dip switch P2 8 Reset switch Microcontroller AT89S52 100E +5 V +5 V 2.2K 10 uf RST 7 Segment common anode LEDs P1(0-6) & P3(0-6) 7

More information

Embedded Systems. Software Development & Education Center. (Design & Development with Various µc)

Embedded Systems. Software Development & Education Center. (Design & Development with Various µc) Software Development & Education Center Embedded Systems (Design & Development with Various µc) Module 1: Embedded C Programming INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEM History & need of Embedded System Basic

More information

Computer Hardware Requirements for Real-Time Applications

Computer Hardware Requirements for Real-Time Applications Lecture (4) Computer Hardware Requirements for Real-Time Applications Prof. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Computer Engineering Department Philadelphia University Real-Time Systems, Prof. Kasim Al-Aubidy 1 Lecture

More information

Module 2: Introduction to AVR ATmega 32 Architecture

Module 2: Introduction to AVR ATmega 32 Architecture Module 2: Introduction to AVR ATmega 32 Architecture Definition of computer architecture processor operation CISC vs RISC von Neumann vs Harvard architecture AVR introduction AVR architecture Architecture

More information

ARDUINO MEGA INTRODUCTION

ARDUINO MEGA INTRODUCTION ARDUINO MEGA INTRODUCTION The Arduino MEGA 2560 is designed for projects that require more I/O llines, more sketch memory and more RAM. With 54 digital I/O pins, 16 analog inputs so it is suitable for

More information

AVR Microcontrollers Architecture

AVR Microcontrollers Architecture ก ก There are two fundamental architectures to access memory 1. Von Neumann Architecture 2. Harvard Architecture 2 1 Harvard Architecture The term originated from the Harvard Mark 1 relay-based computer,

More information

Introduction to Microcontrollers

Introduction to Microcontrollers Introduction to Microcontrollers Embedded Controller Simply an embedded controller is a controller that is embedded in a greater system. One can define an embedded controller as a controller (or computer)

More information

MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor

MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor. MicroProcessor 1 2 A microprocessor is a single, very-large-scale-integration (VLSI) chip that contains many digital circuits that perform arithmetic, logic, communication, and control functions. When a microprocessor

More information

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers Microprocessors/Microcontrollers A central processing unit (CPU) fabricated on one or more chips, containing the basic arithmetic, logic, and control elements of a computer that are required for processing

More information

AVR MICROCONTROLLER ARCHITECTURTE

AVR MICROCONTROLLER ARCHITECTURTE AVR MICROCONTROLLER ARCHITECTURTE AVR MICROCONTROLLER AVR- Advanced Virtual RISC. The founders are Alf Egil Bogen Vegard Wollan RISC AVR architecture was conceived by two students at Norwegian Institute

More information

FIFTH SEMESTER DIPLOMA EXAMINATION IN ENGINEERING/ TECHNOLOGY-MARCH 2014 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (Common for CT,CM) [Time: 3 hours] (Maximum marks : 100)

FIFTH SEMESTER DIPLOMA EXAMINATION IN ENGINEERING/ TECHNOLOGY-MARCH 2014 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (Common for CT,CM) [Time: 3 hours] (Maximum marks : 100) (Revision-10) FIFTH SEMESTER DIPLOMA EXAMINATION IN ENGINEERING/ TECHNOLOGY-MARCH 2014 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (Common for CT,CM) [Time: 3 hours] (Maximum marks : 100) PART-A (Maximum marks : 10) I. Answer all

More information

AVR Training Board-I. VLSI Design Lab., Konkuk Univ. LSI Design Lab

AVR Training Board-I. VLSI Design Lab., Konkuk Univ. LSI Design Lab AVR Training Board-I V., Konkuk Univ. Tae Pyeong Kim What is microcontroller A microcontroller is a small, low-cost computeron-a-chip which usually includes: An 8 or 16 bit microprocessor (CPU). A small

More information

VLSI Design Lab., Konkuk Univ. Yong Beom Cho LSI Design Lab

VLSI Design Lab., Konkuk Univ. Yong Beom Cho LSI Design Lab AVR Training Board-I V., Konkuk Univ. Yong Beom Cho ybcho@konkuk.ac.kr What is microcontroller A microcontroller is a small, low-cost computeron-a-chip which usually includes: An 8 or 16 bit microprocessor

More information

Microcontrollers. Microcontroller

Microcontrollers. Microcontroller Microcontrollers Microcontroller A microprocessor on a single integrated circuit intended to operate as an embedded system. As well as a CPU, a microcontroller typically includes small amounts of RAM and

More information

ELCT708 MicroLab Session #1 Introduction to Embedded Systems and Microcontrollers. Eng. Salma Hesham

ELCT708 MicroLab Session #1 Introduction to Embedded Systems and Microcontrollers. Eng. Salma Hesham ELCT708 MicroLab Session #1 Introduction to Embedded Systems and Microcontrollers What is common between these systems? What is common between these systems? Each consists of an internal smart computer

More information

Fig 1. Block diagram of a microcomputer

Fig 1. Block diagram of a microcomputer Computer: A computer is a multipurpose programmable machine that reads binary instructions from its memory, accepts binary data as input,processes the data according to those instructions and provides

More information

MICROPROCESSOR BASED SYSTEM DESIGN

MICROPROCESSOR BASED SYSTEM DESIGN MICROPROCESSOR BASED SYSTEM DESIGN Lecture 5 Xmega 128 B1: Architecture MUHAMMAD AMIR YOUSAF VON NEUMAN ARCHITECTURE CPU Memory Execution unit ALU Registers Both data and instructions at the same system

More information

8051 Microcontroller

8051 Microcontroller 8051 Microcontroller The 8051, Motorola and PIC families are the 3 leading sellers in the microcontroller market. The 8051 microcontroller was originally developed by Intel in the late 1970 s. Today many

More information

WIZTECH AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS (P) LTD., An ISO 9001:2000 and IAO certified company

WIZTECH AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS (P) LTD., An ISO 9001:2000 and IAO certified company WIZTECH AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS (P) LTD., An ISO 9001:2000 and IAO certified company #102, W Block, 2nd and 3rd floor, 2nd Avenue, Anna nagar Roundtana, Chennai-40 E-mail: wiztech4automation@gmail.com web:

More information

Introduction to Microprocessor- Based Control

Introduction to Microprocessor- Based Control CHAPTER 2 Introduction to Microprocessor- Based Control OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Understand what a microprocessor is, what it does, and how it works. Understand the

More information

Chapter 1. Microcontroller Overview

Chapter 1. Microcontroller Overview Chapter 1 Microcontroller Overview Lesson 2 Microcontrollers- Types and Examples Outline Microcontroller Types Examples- 8051 Series Family Members Examples- 68HC11/12 Series Family Members CPU Microcomputer

More information

Embedded Systems Lab Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontrollers Eng. Dalia A. Awad

Embedded Systems Lab Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontrollers Eng. Dalia A. Awad Embedded Systems Lab Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontrollers Eng. Dalia A. Awad Objectives To be familiar with microcontrollers, PIC18F4550 microcontroller. Tools PIC18F4550 Microcontroller, MPLAB software,

More information

EE4390 Microprocessors. Lessons 2, 3 68HC12 Hardware Overview, Subsystems, and memory System

EE4390 Microprocessors. Lessons 2, 3 68HC12 Hardware Overview, Subsystems, and memory System EE4390 Microprocessors Lessons 2, 3 68HC12 Hardware Overview, Subsystems, and memory System 1 Overview 68HC12 hardware overview Subsystems Memory System 2 68HC12 Hardware Overview "Copyright of Motorola,

More information

MICROCONTROLLERS 8051

MICROCONTROLLERS 8051 MICROCONTROLLERS 8051 PART A Unit 1: Microprocessor and Microcontroller. Introduction, Microprocessor and Microcontrollers, A Microcontroller survey. RISC & CISC CPU Architectures, Harvard & Von Neumann

More information

PIC Microcontroller and

PIC Microcontroller and PIC Microcontroller and Embedded d Systems Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Rolin McKinlay and Danny Causey Eng. Husam Alzaq The Islamic Uni. Of Gaza The PIC ucs 1-1 Chapter 1: The PIC Microcontrollers: History and

More information

Basic Components of Digital Computer

Basic Components of Digital Computer Digital Integrated Circuits & Microcontrollers Sl. Mihnea UDREA, mihnea@comm.pub.ro Conf. Mihai i STANCIU, ms@elcom.pub.ro 1 Basic Components of Digital Computer CPU (Central Processing Unit) Control and

More information

Embedded Systems Design (630414) Lecture 1 Introduction to Embedded Systems Prof. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Computer Eng. Dept.

Embedded Systems Design (630414) Lecture 1 Introduction to Embedded Systems Prof. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Computer Eng. Dept. Embedded Systems Design (630414) Lecture 1 Introduction to Embedded Systems Prof. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy Computer Eng. Dept. Definition of an E.S. It is a system whose principal function is not computational,

More information

CHAPTER 1 MICROCOMPUTER SYSTEMS. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Microcontroller Evolution

CHAPTER 1 MICROCOMPUTER SYSTEMS. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Microcontroller Evolution CHAPTER 1 MICROCOMPUTER SYSTEMS 1.1 Introduction The term microcomputer is used to describe a system that includes a microprocessor, program memory, data memory, and an input/output (I/O). Some microcomputer

More information

MT2 Introduction Embedded Systems. MT2.1 Mechatronic systems

MT2 Introduction Embedded Systems. MT2.1 Mechatronic systems MT2 Introduction Embedded Systems MT2.1 Mechatronic systems Mechatronics is the synergistic integration of mechanical engineering, with electronics and intelligent computer control in the design and manufacturing

More information

ME 515 Mechatronics. A microprocessor

ME 515 Mechatronics. A microprocessor ME 515 Mechatronics Microcontroller Based Control of Mechanical Systems Asanga Ratnaweera Department of Faculty of Engineering University of Peradeniya Tel: 081239 (3627) Email: asangar@pdn.ac.lk A microprocessor

More information

Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Question Bank

Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Question Bank www.examquestionpaper.in Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Question Bank SUBJECT CODE / NAME: ET7102 / MICROCONTROLLER BASED SYSTEM DESIGN BRANCH : M.E. (C&I) YEAR / SEM : I / I

More information

Architecture of Computers and Parallel Systems Part 6: Microcomputers

Architecture of Computers and Parallel Systems Part 6: Microcomputers Architecture of Computers and Parallel Systems Part 6: Microcomputers Ing. Petr Olivka petr.olivka@vsb.cz Department of Computer Science FEI VSB-TUO Architecture of Computers and Parallel Systems Part

More information

Lecture (01) Introducing Embedded Systems and the Microcontrollers By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee

Lecture (01) Introducing Embedded Systems and the Microcontrollers By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee Lecture (01) Introducing Embedded Systems and the Microcontrollers By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee ١ Agenda What is microprocessor system? What is Microcontroller/embedded system? Definition of Embedded Systems

More information

UNIT V MICRO CONTROLLER PROGRAMMING & APPLICATIONS TWO MARKS. 3.Give any two differences between microprocessor and micro controller.

UNIT V MICRO CONTROLLER PROGRAMMING & APPLICATIONS TWO MARKS. 3.Give any two differences between microprocessor and micro controller. UNIT V -8051 MICRO CONTROLLER PROGRAMMING & APPLICATIONS TWO MARKS 1. What is micro controller? Micro controller is a microprocessor with limited number of RAM, ROM, I/O ports and timer on a single chip

More information

Chapter 1 Microprocessor architecture ECE 3120 Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud http://iweb.tntech.edu/mmahmoud/ mmahmoud@tntech.edu Outline 1.1 Computer hardware organization 1.1.1 Number System 1.1.2 Computer hardware

More information

BASIC INTERFACING CONCEPTS

BASIC INTERFACING CONCEPTS Contents i SYLLABUS UNIT - I 8085 ARCHITECTURE Introduction to Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, 8085 Processor Architecture, Internal Operations, Instructions and Timings, Programming the 8085-Introduction

More information

Introduction to ARM LPC2148 Microcontroller

Introduction to ARM LPC2148 Microcontroller Introduction to ARM LPC2148 Microcontroller Dr.R.Sundaramurthy Department of EIE Pondicherry Engineering College Features of LPC2148 in a Nut Shell CPU = ARM 7 Core Word Length = 32 Bit ROM = 512 KB RAM

More information

Microcontroller systems Lec 2 PIC18LF8722 Microcontroller s s core

Microcontroller systems Lec 2 PIC18LF8722 Microcontroller s s core TKT-3500 Microcontroller systems Lec 2 PIC18LF8722 Microcontroller s s core Erno Salminen Copyright notice Some figures by Robert Reese, from supplementary CD of the course book from PIC18F8722 Family

More information

EE 354 Fall 2015 Lecture 1 Architecture and Introduction

EE 354 Fall 2015 Lecture 1 Architecture and Introduction EE 354 Fall 2015 Lecture 1 Architecture and Introduction Note: Much of these notes are taken from the book: The definitive Guide to ARM Cortex M3 and Cortex M4 Processors by Joseph Yiu, third edition,

More information

Understanding the basic building blocks of a microcontroller device in general. Knows the terminologies like embedded and external memory devices,

Understanding the basic building blocks of a microcontroller device in general. Knows the terminologies like embedded and external memory devices, Understanding the basic building blocks of a microcontroller device in general. Knows the terminologies like embedded and external memory devices, CISC and RISC processors etc. Knows the architecture and

More information

Lecture 1. Course Overview and The 8051 Architecture

Lecture 1. Course Overview and The 8051 Architecture Lecture 1 Course Overview and The 8051 Architecture MCUniversity Program Lectures 8051 architecture t System overview of C8051F020 8051 instruction set System clock, crossbar and GPIO Assembler directives

More information

CS-424/580A Microcontrollers and Robotics

CS-424/580A Microcontrollers and Robotics CS-424/580A Microcontrollers and Robotics CS-424/580A Microcontrollers & Robotics Professor Richard R. Eckert EB-N6, 777-4365 Office hours: W 10-11:30 A.M., R 1-2:30 P.M. Email: reckert@binghamton.edu

More information

CN310 Microprocessor Systems Design

CN310 Microprocessor Systems Design CN310 Microprocessor Systems Design Microcontroller Nawin Somyat Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Thammasat University Outline Course Contents 1 Introduction 2 Simple Computer 3 Microprocessor

More information

Embedded Systems. PIC16F84A Internal Architecture. Eng. Anis Nazer First Semester

Embedded Systems. PIC16F84A Internal Architecture. Eng. Anis Nazer First Semester Embedded Systems PIC16F84A Internal Architecture Eng. Anis Nazer First Semester 2017-2018 Review Computer system basic components? CPU? Memory? I/O? buses? Instruction? Program? Instruction set? CISC,

More information

THE AVR MICROCONTROLLER AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS. Using Assembly and С

THE AVR MICROCONTROLLER AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS. Using Assembly and С THE AVR MICROCONTROLLER AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Using Assembly and С Muhammad AH Mazidi Sarmad Naimi Sepehr Naimi Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam

More information

Microcontroller & Interfacing

Microcontroller & Interfacing Course Title Course Code Microcontroller & Interfacing EC406 Lecture : 3 Course Credit Practical : 1 Tutorial : 0 Total : 4 Course Objective At the end of the course the students will be able to Understand

More information

TEVATRON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD Embedded! Robotics! IoT! VLSI Design! Projects! Technical Consultancy! Education! STEM! Software!

TEVATRON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD Embedded! Robotics! IoT! VLSI Design! Projects! Technical Consultancy! Education! STEM! Software! Summer Training 2016 Advance Embedded Systems Fast track of AVR and detailed working on STM32 ARM Processor with RTOS- Real Time Operating Systems Covering 1. Hands on Topics and Sessions Covered in Summer

More information

Segment 1A. Introduction to Microcomputer and Microprocessor

Segment 1A. Introduction to Microcomputer and Microprocessor Segment 1A Introduction to Microcomputer and Microprocessor 1.1 General Architecture of a Microcomputer System: The term microcomputer is generally synonymous with personal computer, or a computer that

More information

Chapter 2 Sections 1 8 Dr. Iyad Jafar

Chapter 2 Sections 1 8 Dr. Iyad Jafar Introducing the PIC 16 Series and the 16F84A Chapter 2 Sections 1 8 Dr. Iyad Jafar Outline Overview of the PIC 16 Series An Architecture Overview of the 16F84A The 16F84A Memory Organization Memory Addressing

More information

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TÉCNICO. Architectures for Embedded Computing

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TÉCNICO. Architectures for Embedded Computing UNIVERSIDADE TÉCNICA DE LISBOA INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TÉCNICO Departamento de Engenharia Informática Architectures for Embedded Computing MEIC-A, MEIC-T, MERC Lecture Slides Version 3.0 - English Lecture 21

More information

Babu Madhav Institute of Information Technology, UTU

Babu Madhav Institute of Information Technology, UTU Course: 060010901 Embedded System Unit 1 Introduction to Embedded System SHORT QUESTIONS: 1. What is an embedded system? 2. State the definition of embedded system given by Wayne Wolf. 3. State the full

More information

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING:6 MONTHS PROGRAM TEVATRON TECHNOLOGIES PVT LTD

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING:6 MONTHS PROGRAM TEVATRON TECHNOLOGIES PVT LTD MODULE-1 C Programming Language Introduction to C Objectives of C Applications of C Relational and logical operators Bit wise operators The assignment statement Intermixing of data types type conversion

More information

ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2

ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2 ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2 Vince Weaver http://www.eece.maine.edu/~vweaver vincent.weaver@maine.edu 3 September 2015 Announcements HW#1 will be posted today, due next Thursday. I will send out

More information

Introduction to Computers - Chapter 4

Introduction to Computers - Chapter 4 Introduction to Computers - Chapter 4 Since the invention of the transistor and the first digital computer of the 1940s, computers have been increasing in complexity and performance; however, their overall

More information

Automation Engineers AB Pvt Ltd, NOIDA Job-Oriented Course on Embedded Microcontrollers & Related Software Stack

Automation Engineers AB Pvt Ltd, NOIDA Job-Oriented Course on Embedded Microcontrollers & Related Software Stack Automation Engineers AB Pvt Ltd, NOIDA Job-Oriented Course on Embedded Microcontrollers & Related Software Stack Course Syllabus: Chapter# Topic Covered Duration MODULE 1 INTRO TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 2-1

More information

Microprocessors And Microcontroller

Microprocessors And Microcontroller Microprocessors And Microcontroller Semester : 4 th, 5 th (TL, ES) Course Code : ES256, ES313 By: Dr. Attiya Baqai Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics, MUET. Internal block diagram of CPU Internal

More information

Arduino Uno R3 INTRODUCTION

Arduino Uno R3 INTRODUCTION Arduino Uno R3 INTRODUCTION Arduino is used for building different types of electronic circuits easily using of both a physical programmable circuit board usually microcontroller and piece of code running

More information

Microcomputer Architecture and Programming

Microcomputer Architecture and Programming IUST-EE (Chapter 1) Microcomputer Architecture and Programming 1 Outline Basic Blocks of Microcomputer Typical Microcomputer Architecture The Single-Chip Microprocessor Microprocessor vs. Microcontroller

More information

Choosing a Micro for an Embedded System Application

Choosing a Micro for an Embedded System Application Choosing a Micro for an Embedded System Application Dr. Manuel Jiménez DSP Slides: Luis Francisco UPRM - Spring 2010 Outline MCU Vs. CPU Vs. DSP Selection Factors Embedded Peripherals Sample Architectures

More information

EE251: Tuesday December 4

EE251: Tuesday December 4 EE251: Tuesday December 4 Memory Subsystem continued Timing requirements Adding memory beyond 4 Gbyte Time Allowing: Begin Review for Final Exam Homework #9 due Thursday at beginning of class Friday is

More information

Computer Organization and Microprocessors SYLLABUS CHAPTER - 1 : BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS CHAPTER - 3 : THE MEMORY SYSTEM

Computer Organization and Microprocessors SYLLABUS CHAPTER - 1 : BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS CHAPTER - 3 : THE MEMORY SYSTEM i SYLLABUS UNIT - 1 CHAPTER - 1 : BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS Computer Types, Functional Units, Basic Operational Concepts, Bus Structures, Software, Performance, Multiprocessors and Multicomputers, Historical

More information

1 Microprocessors 2 Microcontrollers 3 Actuation sensing, process control

1 Microprocessors 2 Microcontrollers 3 Actuation sensing, process control 1 Microprocessors 2 Microcontrollers 3 Actuation sensing, process control 1 Microcontrollers, microprocessors -what are microprocessors, microcontrollers? -what is the difference between them? -what are

More information

Chapter 1. Microprocessor architecture ECE Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud.

Chapter 1. Microprocessor architecture ECE Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud. Chapter 1 Microprocessor architecture ECE 3130 Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud The slides are copyright protected. It is not permissible to use them without a permission from Dr Mahmoud http://www.cae.tntech.edu/~mmahmoud/

More information

ELC4438: Embedded System Design Embedded Processor

ELC4438: Embedded System Design Embedded Processor ELC4438: Embedded System Design Embedded Processor Liang Dong Electrical and Computer Engineering Baylor University 1. Processor Architecture General PC Von Neumann Architecture a.k.a. Princeton Architecture

More information

SARDAR RAJA COLLEGES SARDAR RAJA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ALANGULAM

SARDAR RAJA COLLEGES SARDAR RAJA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ALANGULAM SARDAR RAJA COLLEGES SARDAR RAJA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ALANGULAM DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING MICRO LESSON PLAN SUBJECT NAME : MICROPROCESSOR AND MICRO CONTROLLER SUBJECT CODE

More information

Workshop on Microcontroller Based Project Development

Workshop on Microcontroller Based Project Development Organized by: EEE Club Workshop on Microcontroller Based Project Development Presented By Mohammed Abdul Kader Assistant Professor, Dept. of EEE, IIUC Email:kader05cuet@gmail.com Website: kader05cuet.wordpress.com

More information

Mohammad Shaffi 1, D Ravi Nayak 2. Dadi Institute of Engineering & Technology,

Mohammad Shaffi 1, D Ravi Nayak 2. Dadi Institute of Engineering & Technology, A Novel Architecture For Measurement of Temperature, Relative Humidity, and Display of Scrolling Message On LED Display By Using Bluetooth Interface With Arduino Nano. Mohammad Shaffi 1, D Ravi Nayak 2

More information

EE 308: Microcontrollers

EE 308: Microcontrollers EE 308: Microcontrollers AVR Architecture Aly El-Osery Electrical Engineering Department New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Socorro, New Mexico, USA January 23, 2018 Aly El-Osery (NMT) EE 308:

More information

ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2

ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2 ECE 471 Embedded Systems Lecture 2 Vince Weaver http://web.eece.maine.edu/~vweaver vincent.weaver@maine.edu 7 September 2018 Announcements Reminder: The class notes are posted to the website. HW#1 will

More information

Question Bank Microprocessor and Microcontroller

Question Bank Microprocessor and Microcontroller QUESTION BANK - 2 PART A 1. What is cycle stealing? (K1-CO3) During any given bus cycle, one of the system components connected to the system bus is given control of the bus. This component is said to

More information

Embedded Systems. Read pages

Embedded Systems. Read pages Embedded Systems Read pages 385-417 Definition of Embedded Systems Embedded systems Computer dedicated to serve specific purposes Many physical systems today use computer for powerful and intelligent applications

More information

EE 308: Microcontrollers

EE 308: Microcontrollers EE 308: Microcontrollers Introduction Aly El-Osery Electrical Engineering Department New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Socorro, New Mexico, USA January 6, 2018 Aly El-Osery (NMT) EE 308: Microcontrollers

More information

Introduction to Microcontroller Apps for Amateur Radio Projects Using the HamStack Platform.

Introduction to Microcontroller Apps for Amateur Radio Projects Using the HamStack Platform. Introduction to Microcontroller Apps for Amateur Radio Projects Using the HamStack Platform www.sierraradio.net www.hamstack.com Topics Introduction Hardware options Software development HamStack project

More information

Overview of Microcontroller and Embedded Systems

Overview of Microcontroller and Embedded Systems UNIT-III Overview of Microcontroller and Embedded Systems Embedded Hardware and Various Building Blocks: The basic hardware components of an embedded system shown in a block diagram in below figure. These

More information

XMEGA Series Of AVR Processor. Presented by: Manisha Biyani ( ) Shashank Bolia (

XMEGA Series Of AVR Processor. Presented by: Manisha Biyani ( ) Shashank Bolia ( XMEGA Series Of AVR Processor Presented by: Manisha Biyani (200601217) Shashank Bolia (200601200 Existing Microcontrollers Problems with 8/16 bit microcontrollers: Old and inefficient architecture. Most

More information

Microprocessor (COM 9323)

Microprocessor (COM 9323) Microprocessor (COM 9323) Lecture 1: Introduction Ahmed Elnakib, PhD Assistant Professor, Mansoura University, Egypt Feb 17 th, 2016 1 Course Syllabus* o Introduction to computer architecture o Basics

More information

Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontroller

Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontroller Lab 1 Introduction to Microcontroller Feb. 2016 1 Objective 1. To be familiar with microcontrollers. 2. Introducing LPC2138 microcontroller. 3. To be familiar with Keil and Proteus software tools. Introduction

More information

Week 1. Introduction to Microcomputers and Microprocessors, Computer Codes, Programming, and Operating Systems

Week 1. Introduction to Microcomputers and Microprocessors, Computer Codes, Programming, and Operating Systems Week 1 Introduction to Microcomputers and Microprocessors, Computer Codes, Programming, and Operating Systems 2 Introduction to Microcomputers/ Stored Program C 3 Stored Program Concept There are three

More information

AVR XMEGA Product Line Introduction AVR XMEGA TM. Product Introduction.

AVR XMEGA Product Line Introduction AVR XMEGA TM. Product Introduction. AVR XMEGA TM Product Introduction 32-bit AVR UC3 AVR Flash Microcontrollers The highest performance AVR in the world 8/16-bit AVR XMEGA Peripheral Performance 8-bit megaavr The world s most successful

More information

Sencer Yeralan and Helen Emery Gainesville, Florida January 2000

Sencer Yeralan and Helen Emery Gainesville, Florida January 2000 Preface This book is an outgrowth of the notes and experiments developed for the graduate classes at the University of Florida. It is intended for students, hobbyists, engineers, and scientists who would

More information

PIC Microcontroller Introduction

PIC Microcontroller Introduction PIC Microcontroller Introduction The real name of this microcontroller is PICmicro (Peripheral Interface Controller), but it is better known as PIC. Its first ancestor was designed in 1975 by General Instruments.

More information

SANKALCHAND PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, VISNAGAR. ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT Question Bank- 1

SANKALCHAND PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, VISNAGAR. ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT Question Bank- 1 SANKALCHAND PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, VISNAGAR ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT Question Bank- 1 Subject: Microcontroller and Interfacing (151001) Class: B.E.Sem V (EC-I & II) Q-1 Explain RISC

More information

TKT-3500 Microcontroller systems

TKT-3500 Microcontroller systems TKT-3500 Microcontroller systems Lec 2 PIC18LF8722 Microcontroller s core Teemu Laukkarinen Department of Computer Systems Tampere University of Technology Fall 2011 Copyright Tampere University of Technology

More information

Clock and Fuses. Prof. Prabhat Ranjan Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar

Clock and Fuses. Prof. Prabhat Ranjan Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar Clock and Fuses Prof. Prabhat Ranjan Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar Reference WHY YOU NEED A CLOCK SOURCE - COLIN O FLYNN avrfreaks.net http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/atmel_avr

More information

EMBEDDED SYSTEM BASICS AND APPLICATION

EMBEDDED SYSTEM BASICS AND APPLICATION EMBEDDED SYSTEM BASICS AND APPLICATION Dr.Syed Ajmal IIT- Robotics TOPICS TO BE DISCUSSED System Embedded System Components Classifications Processors Other Hardware Software Applications 2 INTRODUCTION

More information

Distributed Real-Time Control Systems. Module 3 Hardware for Real Time Distributed Control Systems

Distributed Real-Time Control Systems. Module 3 Hardware for Real Time Distributed Control Systems Distributed Real-Time Control Systems Module 3 Hardware for Real Time Distributed Control Systems 1 General Topology of Real-Time Distributed Control Systems System Management Data Backup Intranet User

More information

Z8 Encore! XP F1680 Series 8-Bit Flash Solution with Extended Peripherals

Z8 Encore! XP F1680 Series 8-Bit Flash Solution with Extended Peripherals Embedded Flash Solutions Z8 Encore! XP F1680 Series High-performance 8-bit Flash MCU F1680 advantage low power - 1.8 V highly integrated peripherals flexible memory options optimized cost/performance target

More information

Robotics Training Module ABLab Solutions

Robotics Training Module ABLab Solutions Robotics Training Module ABLab Solutions www.ablab.in Table of Contents Course Outline... 4 Introduction to Robotics... 4 Overview of Basic Electronic... 4 Overview of Digital Electronic... 4 Power Supply...

More information

Lecture Objectives. Introduction to Computing Chapter 0. Topics. Numbering Systems 04/09/2017

Lecture Objectives. Introduction to Computing Chapter 0. Topics. Numbering Systems 04/09/2017 Lecture Objectives Introduction to Computing Chapter The AVR microcontroller and embedded systems using assembly and c Students should be able to: Convert between base and. Explain the difference between

More information

(Embedded) Systems Programming Overview

(Embedded) Systems Programming Overview System Programming Issues EE 357 Unit 10a (Embedded) Systems Programming Overview Embedded systems programming g have different design requirements than general purpose computers like PC s I/O Electro-mechanical

More information

Microprocessor and Microcontroller question bank. 1 Distinguish between microprocessor and microcontroller.

Microprocessor and Microcontroller question bank. 1 Distinguish between microprocessor and microcontroller. Course B.E(EEE) Batch 2015 Semester V Subject code subject Name UAEE503 Microprocessor and Microcontroller question bank UNIT-1 Architecture of a Microprocessor PART-A Marks: 2 1 Distinguish between microprocessor

More information

JED MICROPROCESSORS PTY LTD

JED MICROPROCESSORS PTY LTD JED MICROPROCESSORS PTY LTD 173 Boronia Rd, Boronia, (PO Box 30), Victoria 3155 Australia Phone: +61 3 9762 3588, Fax: +61 3 9762 5499. http://www.jedmicro.com.au email: jed@jedmicro.com.au JED AVR200

More information

ELCT 912: Advanced Embedded Systems

ELCT 912: Advanced Embedded Systems ELCT 912: Advanced Embedded Systems Lecture 2-3: Embedded System Hardware Dr. Mohamed Abd El Ghany, Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering Embedded System Hardware Used for processing of

More information