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1 2-dimensional figure a plane figure that has length and width 3-dimensional figure a solid figure that has length, width, and height about used to indicate approximation/ estimation; indicates rounding is expected acute angle an angle measuring less than 90 degrees addend numbers that are added addition the process of adding or joining values to produce a new quantity angle the figure made by 2 rays that extend from a common endpoint area a multiplication strategy; the number of square units needed to cover a surface array a multiplication strategy; an arrangement of objects in equal rows and columns bar graph a graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to represent data capacity a measure of the amount of liquid a container will hold

2 centimeter a metric unit used to measure length certain in probability, something that will surely happen chart a diagram that illustrates information in the form of a table, graph, or picture circle a 2-dimensional figure with no line segments closed figure a figure that begins and ends at the same point coins pressed metal discs of standardized and accepted value compare to observe and/or measure two values or figures to identify similiarities or differences cone a 3-dimensional shape with a circular base, a curved surface, and one vertex congruent figures that are the same size and same shape cube a 3-dimensional figure with 6 congruent square faces cup a customary unit for measuring capacity

3 currency the generally accepted medium of exchange; money cylinder a 3-dimensional shape with 1 curved surface and 2 circular bases that are parallel and congruent data a collection of facts gathered by observation, questioning, or measuring decimal point the dot used to separate the ones place from the tenths place in a decimal number decrease to get smaller in size or number degree a unit of measure for temperature and for angles denominator the bottom number in a fraction; the total number of equal parts diagonal a straight line connecting 2 non-adjoining corners of a polygon diameter a line that passes through the center of a circle and has endpoints on the circle difference the answer to a subtraction problem digits the symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 used to write number; the parts that make numbers as letters make words

4 dime a coin worth ten cents (\$0.10): 10 dimes = 1 dollar dimension a measure in one direction; the length, width, or height of a figure dividend the number to be divided in a division problem divisor the number by which another number (dividend) is to be divided dollar a paper bill (less commonly a coin) valued at 100 cents dozen a group or set of 12 edge the line segment where two faces of a solid figure meet endpoint the point at the end of a line segment or ray equally likely outcomes having the same chance of happening equation a number sentence that uses the equals sign to show that two amounts are equal equilateral triangle a triangle with 3 congruent sides (and 3 congruent angles)

5 equivalent equal in value or amount equivalent fractions 2 or more fractions that are equal (1/2=2/4=4/8) estimate noun: an answer that is close to the exact answer; verb: to guess about expanded form a way to write numbers that shows the place value of each digit; 1,823=1, face a flat surface of a polyhedron fact family a set of related number sentences factor a number that is multiplied by another number to find a product Fahrenheit (F) a unit of measure for temperature (customary measure) foot (ft) a customary unit used to measure length; 1 foot = 12 inches fraction a number that names a part of a whole or part of a group gallon a customary unit used to measure capacity; 1 gallon = 4 quarts

6 gram a metric unit used to measure mass; a paper clip weighs about 1 gram greater than (>) the symbol used to compare 2 numbers when the larger number is on the left: 21 > 13 height the distance from bottom to top hexagon a 6-sided polygon horizontal the direction from left to right; parallel to the horizon; side-to-side hour a unit used to measure time inch (in.) a customary unit used to measure length increase to get larger in size or number inequality a mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between quantities that are not equal input a value the enters a function (table, equation, etc.) inverse operations operations that undo each other (+, -) and (x, /)

7 isosceles triangle a triangle with two congruent sides kilogram (kg) a metric unit used to measure mass; a brick weighs about 1 kilogram kilometer (km) a metric unit used to measure length; 1 km = 1,000 m least likely an event that has the smallest chance of happening less than (<) the symbol used to compare 2 numbers when the smaller number is on the left: 14<29 line a straight path that extends infinitely in opposite directions line of symmetry a line that divides a figure into halves making a mirror image line segment a part of a line with two endpoints liter (L) a metric unit used to measure capacity mass the measure of the amount of matter in an object; gravity does not affect mass meter (m) a metric unit used to measure length or distance

8 metric system of measurement a measurement system used throughout the world based on multiples of 10 mile (mi) a customary unit used to measure length or distance milliliter (ml) a metric unit used to measure capacity millimeter (mm) a metric unit used to measure length minute a unit used to measure time; 60 minutes = 1 hour mixed number a number made up of a whole number and a fraction most likely an event that has the greatest chance of happening net a two-dimensional model that can be folded to make a solid nickel a coin worth five cents (\$0.05): 20 nickels = 1 dollar number line a line on which points correspond to numbers numerator the top number in a fraction; how many equal parts are used/shaded/counted

9 obtuse angle an angle greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees octagon an 8-sided polygon open figure a figure that does not begin and end at the same point order to arrange things in relation to one another, such as from least to greatest ounce (oz) a customary unit used to measure weight or capacity outcome a result in a probability experiment output the value that exits a function (table equation, etc.) parallel lines two lines that never intersect parallelogram a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel and congruent pattern a regularly repeated arrangement of numbers, letters, or shapes, etc. penny a coin worht one cent (\$0.01): 100 pennnies = 1 dollar

10 pentagon a 5-sided polygon perimeter the distance around a closed figure perpendicular lines lines that intersect at one point and form right angles pictograph a graph that uses pictures or symbols to represent collected data pint (pt) a customary unit used to measure capacity place value the value determined by the position of a digit in a number polygon a closed figure made of line segments polyhedron a solid figure in which all the surfaces or faces are polygons; a 3-dimesnional figure possible outcomes possible results in a probability experiment (such as the use of a spinner) pound (lb) a customary unit used to measure weight prism a 3-dimensional shape with two parallel, congruent bases; all other faces are parallelograms

11 probability a number used to describe the chance that an event will occur product the answer to a multiplication problem pyramid a 3-dimensional shape whose base is a polygon; all other faces are triangles quadrilateral a four-sided polygon quart (qt) a customary unit used to measure capacity quarter a woin worth twenty-five cents (\$0.25): 4 quarters = 1 dollar quotient the answer to a division problem reasonable logical and acceptable; regarded as imperfect but fair rectangle a quadrilateral with 4 right angles, but the length of the sides may differ rectangular prism a 3-dimensional figure with 6 rectangular faces reflection a transformation that produces a mirror image of a figure

12 regroup to rename a number; to alter the value of a digit by borrowing ten from a neighboring digit regular polygon a polygon in which all sides are the same length and all angles have the same measure including squares remainder the number left over after dividing into equal groups rhombus a parallelogram whose four sides are congruent and whose opposite angles are congruent right angle an angle with a measure of 90 degrees right triangle a triangle with one right angle round to estimate a number to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, etc. scalene triangle a triangle with no congruent sides sequence an ordered list of objects or numbers; to arrange things in relation to one another sides the edge or line segment of a 2-dimensional figure sphere a 3-dimensional shape with all points an equal distance from the center

13 square a regular, 4-sided polygon; a 2-dimensional figure with 4 equal sides (and angles) standard form a number written with one digit for each place value subtraction the process of subtracting or removing values to produce a new quantity sum the answer to an addition problem symbol a printed mark used to represent an operation nor abstract idea symmetry having the same size and shape across a dividing line table information organized in columns and rows tally mark a mark used to keep track of data being counted temperature the measure of how hto or cold something is ton (T) a customary unit used to measure weight: 1 T - 2,000 lbs. trapezoid a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides

14 triangle a three-sided polygon; a 2-dimensional figure with 3 sides triangular prism a 3-dimensional shape with two congruent, triangular bases; other faces are parallelograms unlike denominators fractions that have different denominators variable a letter or symbol used to represent a number: n + 7 = 10 vertex/vertices the points where 2 rays meet, where two sides of a polygon meet, or where the edges of a polyhedron meet vertical straight up and down; perpendicular to the horizon volume the number of cubic units needed to fill the space occupied by a solid whole numbers the set of counting numbers and zero: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. written form a number written with words that show how the number is verbally expressed yard (yd) a customary unit for measuring length or distance: 3 ft. = 1 yd.; 36 inches = 1 yd.

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1 of 5 9/22/2009 11:03 AM Map: Pearson's Math Grade 4 2007-2008 Type: Projected Grade Level: 4 School Year: 2007-2008 Author: Jessica Parrella District/Building: Minisink Valley CSD/Intermediate School