# SOLUTION AND INTERPOLATION OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION BY USING CRANK-NICOLSON, CUBIC SPLINE AND CUBIC B-SPLINE WAN KHADIJAH BINTI WAN SULAIMAN

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SOLUTION AND INTERPOLATION OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION BY USING CRANK-NICOLSON, CUBIC SPLINE AND CUBIC B-SPLINE WAN KHADIJAH BINTI WAN SULAIMAN"

Transcription

1 SOLUTION AND INTERPOLATION OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION BY USING CRANK-NICOLSON, CUBIC SPLINE AND CUBIC B-SPLINE WAN KHADIJAH BINTI WAN SULAIMAN A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Masters of Science (Mathematics) Faculty of Science Universiti Teknologi Malaysia JANUARY 2013

2 iii Especially for my beloved parents, Wan Sulaiman Bin Wan Ismail and Wan Maimunah Binti Wan Ismail.

4 v ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to apply the technique of Cubic Spline, Cubic B- Spline and Crank-Nicolson in one-dimensional heat equations with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Then, their accuracy of numerical methods are compared by computing their absolute error and relative error. Those results of the methods are calculated by using Matlab 2008 and Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 (C++). As the results, Crank- Nicolson is a good approximation solution since the result of relative error is quite close to the zero. Besides that, for interpolation method, cubic B-spline interpolation is found to give better results compare to the cubic spline interpolation since the relative error of cubic B-spline is better than cubic spline. Regarding to the findings, it can be seen clearly that the cubic spline, cubic B-spline and Crank-Nicolson are well approximated and give better results with smaller step size.

5 vi ABSTRAK Kajian ini adalah bertujuan untuk menggunakan kaedah splin kubik, B- Splin kubik dan kaedah Crank-Nicolson dalam persamaan haba satu dimensi dengan syarat sempadan Dirichlet. Kemudian, ketepatan kaedah-kaedah berangka tersebut dibandingkan dengan mengira ralat mutlak dan ralat relatif masing-masing. Kaedahkaedah berangka ini dikira dengan menggunakan Matlab 2008 dan Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 (C++). Hasilnya, Crank-Nicolson adalah penyelesaian penghampiran yang baik kerana ralat relatif yang diperolehi menghampiri sifar. Selain itu, bagi kaedah interpolasi, interpolasi B-splin kubik memberikan keputusan yang lebih baik berbanding dengan interpolasi splin kubik berdasarkan keputusan ralat relatif B-Splin kubik adalah lebih baik berbanding splin kubik. Berdasarkan penemuan kajian, ia boleh dilihat dengan jelas bahawa splin kubik, B-Splin kubik dan kaedah Crank- Nicolson memberikan nilai anggaran dan keputusan yang lebih baik dengan saiz langkah yang kecil.

### ISOGEOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PLANE STRESS STRUCTURE CHUM ZHI XIAN

ISOGEOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PLANE STRESS STRUCTURE CHUM ZHI XIAN A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering (Civil-Structure)

### THE COMPARISON OF IMAGE MANIFOLD METHOD AND VOLUME ESTIMATION METHOD IN CONSTRUCTING 3D BRAIN TUMOR IMAGE

THE COMPARISON OF IMAGE MANIFOLD METHOD AND VOLUME ESTIMATION METHOD IN CONSTRUCTING 3D BRAIN TUMOR IMAGE SHAMSHIYATULBAQIYAH BINTI ABDUL WAHAB UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA THE COMPARISON OF IMAGE MANIFOLD

### INTEGRATION OF CUBIC MOTION AND VEHICLE DYNAMIC FOR YAW TRAJECTORY MOHD FIRDAUS BIN MAT GHANI

INTEGRATION OF CUBIC MOTION AND VEHICLE DYNAMIC FOR YAW TRAJECTORY MOHD FIRDAUS BIN MAT GHANI A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master ofengineering (Mechanical)

### LOGICAL OPERATORS AND ITS APPLICATION IN DETERMINING VULNERABLE WEBSITES CAUSED BY SQL INJECTION AMONG UTM FACULTY WEBSITES NURUL FARIHA BINTI MOKHTER

LOGICAL OPERATORS AND ITS APPLICATION IN DETERMINING VULNERABLE WEBSITES CAUSED BY SQL INJECTION AMONG UTM FACULTY WEBSITES NURUL FARIHA BINTI MOKHTER UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA i LOGICAL OPERATORS

### A LEVY FLIGHT PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZER FOR MACHINING PERFORMANCES OPTIMIZATION ANIS FARHAN BINTI KAMARUZAMAN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

A LEVY FLIGHT PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZER FOR MACHINING PERFORMANCES OPTIMIZATION ANIS FARHAN BINTI KAMARUZAMAN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA A LEVY FLIGHT PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZER FOR MACHINING PERFORMANCES

### BLOCK-BASED NEURAL NETWORK MAPPING ON GRAPHICS PROCESSOR UNIT ONG CHIN TONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

BLOCK-BASED NEURAL NETWORK MAPPING ON GRAPHICS PROCESSOR UNIT ONG CHIN TONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA BLOCK-BASED NEURAL NETWORK MAPPING ON GRAPHICS PROCESSOR UNIT ONG CHIN TONG A project report submitted

### ENHANCING TIME-STAMPING TECHNIQUE BY IMPLEMENTING MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL ADDRESS PACU PUTRA SUARLI

ENHANCING TIME-STAMPING TECHNIQUE BY IMPLEMENTING MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL ADDRESS PACU PUTRA SUARLI A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master

### COLOUR IMAGE WATERMARKING USING DISCRETE COSINE TRANSFORM AND TWO-LEVEL SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BOKAN OMAR ALI

COLOUR IMAGE WATERMARKING USING DISCRETE COSINE TRANSFORM AND TWO-LEVEL SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BOKAN OMAR ALI A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of

### IMPROVED IMAGE COMPRESSION SCHEME USING HYBRID OF DISCRETE FOURIER, WAVELETS AND COSINE TRANSFORMATION MOH DALI MOUSTAFA ALSAYYH

4 IMPROVED IMAGE COMPRESSION SCHEME USING HYBRID OF DISCRETE FOURIER, WAVELETS AND COSINE TRANSFORMATION MOH DALI MOUSTAFA ALSAYYH A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of

### ADAPTIVE ONLINE FAULT DETECTION ON NETWORK-ON-CHIP BASED ON PACKET LOGGING MECHANISM LOO LING KIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

ADAPTIVE ONLINE FAULT DETECTION ON NETWORK-ON-CHIP BASED ON PACKET LOGGING MECHANISM LOO LING KIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA ADAPTIVE ONLINE FAULT DETECTION ON NETWORK-ON-CHIP BASED ON PACKET LOGGING

### HARDWARE/SOFTWARE SYSTEM-ON-CHIP CO-VERIFICATION PLATFORM BASED ON LOGIC-BASED ENVIRONMENT FOR APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACING TEO HONG YAP

HARDWARE/SOFTWARE SYSTEM-ON-CHIP CO-VERIFICATION PLATFORM BASED ON LOGIC-BASED ENVIRONMENT FOR APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACING TEO HONG YAP A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements

### SUPERVISED MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH FOR DETECTION OF MALICIOUS EXECUTABLES YAHYE ABUKAR AHMED

i SUPERVISED MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH FOR DETECTION OF MALICIOUS EXECUTABLES YAHYE ABUKAR AHMED A project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of

### STUDY OF FLOATING BODIES IN WAVE BY USING SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS (SPH) HA CHEUN YUEN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

STUDY OF FLOATING BODIES IN WAVE BY USING SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS (SPH) HA CHEUN YUEN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA STUDY OF FLOATING BODIES IN WAVE BY USING SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS (SPH)

### ENHANCING WEB SERVICE SELECTION USING ENHANCED FILTERING MODEL AJAO, TAJUDEEN ADEYEMI

ENHANCING WEB SERVICE SELECTION USING ENHANCED FILTERING MODEL AJAO, TAJUDEEN ADEYEMI A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science

### SLANTING EDGE METHOD FOR MODULATION TRANSFER FUNCTION COMPUTATION OF X-RAY SYSTEM FARHANK SABER BRAIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

SLANTING EDGE METHOD FOR MODULATION TRANSFER FUNCTION COMPUTATION OF X-RAY SYSTEM FARHANK SABER BRAIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA SLANTING EDGE METHOD FOR MODULATION TRANSFER FUNCTION COMPUTATION OF

### SECURE-SPIN WITH HASHING TO SUPPORT MOBILITY AND SECURITY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN AMRI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

SECURE-SPIN WITH HASHING TO SUPPORT MOBILITY AND SECURITY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN AMRI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA SECURE-SPIN WITH HASHING TO SUPPORT MOBILITY AND SECURITY IN WIRELESS

### AUTOMATIC APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE FOR MULTI HOP WIRELESS FIDELITY WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

AUTOMATIC APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE FOR MULTI HOP WIRELESS FIDELITY WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MOHD HUSAINI BIN MOHD FAUZI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA AUTOMATIC APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE

### PRIVACY FRIENDLY DETECTION TECHNIQUE OF SYBIL ATTACK IN VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORK (VANET) SEYED MOHAMMAD CHERAGHI

i PRIVACY FRIENDLY DETECTION TECHNIQUE OF SYBIL ATTACK IN VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORK (VANET) SEYED MOHAMMAD CHERAGHI A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of

### ENHANCING SRAM PERFORMANCE OF COMMON GATE FINFET BY USING CONTROLLABLE INDEPENDENT DOUBLE GATES CHONG CHUNG KEONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

ENHANCING SRAM PERFORMANCE OF COMMON GATE FINFET BY USING CONTROLLABLE INDEPENDENT DOUBLE GATES CHONG CHUNG KEONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA ENHANCING SRAM PERFORMANCE OF COMMON GATE FINFET BY USING

### A NEW STEGANOGRAPHY TECHNIQUE USING MAGIC SQUARE MATRIX AND AFFINE CIPHER WALEED S. HASAN AL-HASAN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

1 A NEW STEGANOGRAPHY TECHNIQUE USING MAGIC SQUARE MATRIX AND AFFINE CIPHER WALEED S. HASAN AL-HASAN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA 4 A NEW STEGANOGRAPHY TECHNIQUE USING MAGIC SQUARE MATRIX AND AFFINE CIPHER

### DETECTION OF WORMHOLE ATTACK IN MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORKS MOJTABA GHANAATPISHEH SANAEI

ii DETECTION OF WORMHOLE ATTACK IN MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORKS MOJTABA GHANAATPISHEH SANAEI A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Computer

### SEMANTICS ORIENTED APPROACH FOR IMAGE RETRIEVAL IN LOW COMPLEX SCENES WANG HUI HUI

SEMANTICS ORIENTED APPROACH FOR IMAGE RETRIEVAL IN LOW COMPLEX SCENES WANG HUI HUI A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Computer Science)

### AN IMPROVED PACKET FORWARDING APPROACH FOR SOURCE LOCATION PRIVACY IN WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK MOHAMMAD ALI NASSIRI ABRISHAMCHI

AN IMPROVED PACKET FORWARDING APPROACH FOR SOURCE LOCATION PRIVACY IN WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK MOHAMMAD ALI NASSIRI ABRISHAMCHI A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award

### PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH EVALUATION OF EXTENSION OF TIME (EOT) CLAIM IN GOVERNMENT PROJECTS

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH EVALUATION OF EXTENSION OF TIME (EOT) CLAIM IN GOVERNMENT PROJECTS SITI AISAH BINTI MAT ISA UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH EVALUATION OF EXTENSION OF TIME

### HARDWARE-ACCELERATED LOCALIZATION FOR AUTOMATED LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION SYSTEM CHIN TECK LOONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

HARDWARE-ACCELERATED LOCALIZATION FOR AUTOMATED LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION SYSTEM CHIN TECK LOONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA HARDWARE-ACCELERATED LOCALIZATION FOR AUTOMATED LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION

### THE APPLICATION OF FINITE ELEMENT METHOD IN 2D HEAT DISTRIBUTION PROBLEMS FOR IRREGULAR GEOMETRY NOR HAFIZAH BINTI AHMAD KAILANI

i THE APPLICATION OF FINITE ELEMENT METHOD IN 2D HEAT DISTRIBUTION PROBLEMS FOR IRREGULAR GEOMETRY NOR HAFIZAH BINTI AHMAD KAILANI A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the

### UNSTEADY AERODYNAMIC WAKE OF HELICOPTER MAIN-ROTOR-HUB ASSEMBLY ISKANDAR SHAH BIN ISHAK UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

UNSTEADY AERODYNAMIC WAKE OF HELICOPTER MAIN-ROTOR-HUB ASSEMBLY ISKANDAR SHAH BIN ISHAK UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA UNSTEADY AERODYNAMIC WAKE OF HELICOPTER MAIN-ROTOR-HUB ASSEMBLY ISKANDAR SHAH IN ISHAK

### MULTICHANNEL ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING -ROF FOR WIRELESS ACCESS NETWORK MOHD JIMMY BIN ISMAIL

MULTICHANNEL ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING -ROF FOR WIRELESS ACCESS NETWORK MOHD JIMMY BIN ISMAIL A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the

### Signature :.~... Name of supervisor :.. ~NA.lf... l.?.~mk.. :... 4./qD F. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka

"I hereby declare that I have read this thesis and in my opinion this thesis is sufficient in term of scope and quality for the reward of the Bachelor' s degree of Mechanical Engineering (Structure and

### IMPLEMENTATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE MOVING OBJECT DETECTION ALGORITHM ON INTEL ATOM EMBEDDED SYSTEM

IMPLEMENTATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE MOVING OBJECT DETECTION ALGORITHM ON INTEL ATOM EMBEDDED SYSTEM CHEONG WEI WEI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA IMPLEMENTATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE MOVING OBJECT

### RECOGNITION OF PARTIALLY OCCLUDED OBJECTS IN 2D IMAGES ALMUASHI MOHAMMED ALI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

RECOGNITION OF PARTIALLY OCCLUDED OBJECTS IN 2D IMAGES ALMUASHI MOHAMMED ALI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA i RECOGNITION OF PARTIALLY OCCLUDED OBJECT IN 2D IMAGES ALMUASHI MOHAMMED ALI A dissertation submitted

### A SEED GENERATION TECHNIQUE BASED ON ELLIPTIC CURVE FOR PROVIDING SYNCHRONIZATION IN SECUERED IMMERSIVE TELECONFERENCING VAHIDREZA KHOUBIARI

A SEED GENERATION TECHNIQUE BASED ON ELLIPTIC CURVE FOR PROVIDING SYNCHRONIZATION IN SECUERED IMMERSIVE TELECONFERENCING VAHIDREZA KHOUBIARI A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements

### HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CO-SIMULATION PLATFORM FOR CONVOLUTION OR CORRELATION BASED IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHMS SAYED OMID AYAT

HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CO-SIMULATION PLATFORM FOR CONVOLUTION OR CORRELATION BASED IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHMS SAYED OMID AYAT UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CO-SIMULATION PLATFORM

### PERFOMANCE ANALYSIS OF SEAMLESS VERTICAL HANDOVER IN 4G NETWOKS MOHAMED ABDINUR SAHAL

PERFOMANCE ANALYSIS OF SEAMLESS VERTICAL HANDOVER IN 4G NETWOKS MOHAMED ABDINUR SAHAL A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering

### LINK QUALITY AWARE ROUTING ALGORITHM IN MOBILE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS RIBWAR BAKHTYAR IBRAHIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

LINK QUALITY AWARE ROUTING ALGORITHM IN MOBILE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS RIBWAR BAKHTYAR IBRAHIM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA LINK QUALITY AWARE ROUTING ALGORITHM IN MOBILE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS RIBWAR

### OPTIMIZE PERCEPTUALITY OF DIGITAL IMAGE FROM ENCRYPTION BASED ON QUADTREE HUSSEIN A. HUSSEIN

OPTIMIZE PERCEPTUALITY OF DIGITAL IMAGE FROM ENCRYPTION BASED ON QUADTREE HUSSEIN A. HUSSEIN A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science

### MODELLING AND REASONING OF LARGE SCALE FUZZY PETRI NET USING INFERENCE PATH AND BIDIRECTIONAL METHODS ZHOU KAIQING

MODELLING AND REASONING OF LARGE SCALE FUZZY PETRI NET USING INFERENCE PATH AND BIDIRECTIONAL METHODS ZHOU KAIQING A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor

### DYNAMIC TIMESLOT ALLOCATION TECHNIQUE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK OON ERIXNO

DYNAMIC TIMESLOT ALLOCATION TECHNIQUE FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK OON ERIXNO A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science (Computer Science) Faculty

### HIGH SPEED SIX OPERANDS 16-BITS CARRY SAVE ADDER AWATIF BINTI HASHIM

HIGH SPEED SIX OPERANDS 16-BITS CARRY SAVE ADDER AWATIF BINTI HASHIM SCHOOL OF MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS 2007 HIGH SPEED SIX OPERANDS 16-BITS CARRY SAVE ADDER by AWATIF BINTI

### ENHANCEMENT OF UML-BASED WEB ENGINEERING FOR METAMODELS: HOMEPAGE DEVELOPMENT CASESTUDY KARZAN WAKIL SAID

ENHANCEMENT OF UML-BASED WEB ENGINEERING FOR METAMODELS: HOMEPAGE DEVELOPMENT CASESTUDY KARZAN WAKIL SAID A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree

### HERMAN. A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Computer Science)

i SERVICE QUALITY OPTIMISATION SCHEME OF MOBILE VIDEO STREAM SERVICE HERMAN A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Computer Science) Faculty

### LOCALIZING NON-IDEAL IRISES VIA CHAN-VESE MODEL AND VARIATIONAL LEVEL SET OF ACTIVE CONTOURS WITHTOUT RE- INITIALIZATION QADIR KAMAL MOHAMMED ALI

LOCALIZING NON-IDEAL IRISES VIA CHAN-VESE MODEL AND VARIATIONAL LEVEL SET OF ACTIVE CONTOURS WITHTOUT RE- INITIALIZATION QADIR KAMAL MOHAMMED ALI A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the

### FUZZY NEURAL NETWORKS WITH GENETIC ALGORITHM-BASED LEARNING METHOD M. REZA MASHINCHI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

FUZZY NEURAL NETWORKS WITH GENETIC ALGORITHM-BASED LEARNING METHOD M. REZA MASHINCHI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA FUZZY NEURAL NETWORKS WITH GENETIC ALGORITHM-BASED LEARNING METHOD M. REZA MASHINCHI A

### A TRUST MODEL FOR BUSINESS TO CUSTOMER CLOUD E-COMMERCE HOSSEIN POURTAHERI

A TRUST MODEL FOR BUSINESS TO CUSTOMER CLOUD E-COMMERCE HOSSEIN POURTAHERI A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science (Information

### IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF IDENTITY- BASED AUTHENTICATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS MIR ALI REZAZADEH BAEE

IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF IDENTITY- BASED AUTHENTICATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS MIR ALI REZAZADEH BAEE A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree

### OPTIMIZED BURST ASSEMBLY ALGORITHM FOR MULTI-RANKED TRAFFIC OVER OPTICAL BURST SWITCHING NETWORK OLA MAALI MOUSTAFA AHMED SAIFELDEEN

OPTIMIZED BURST ASSEMBLY ALGORITHM FOR MULTI-RANKED TRAFFIC OVER OPTICAL BURST SWITCHING NETWORK OLA MAALI MOUSTAFA AHMED SAIFELDEEN A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements

### AMBA AXI BUS TO NETWORK-ON-CHIP BRIDGE NG KENG YOKE UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

AMBA AXI BUS TO NETWORK-ON-CHIP BRIDGE NG KENG YOKE UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA AMBA AXI BUS TO NETWORK-ON-CHIP BRIDGE NG KENG YOKE A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements

### ONTOLOGY-BASED SEMANTIC HETEROGENEOUS DATA INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK FOR LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

ONTOLOGY-BASED SEMANTIC HETEROGENEOUS DATA INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK FOR LEARNING ENVIRONMENT ARDA YUNIANTA UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA iii This thesis is dedicated to My Wife, who always give me full of

### DEVELOPMENT OF SPAKE S MAINTENANCE MODULE FOR MINISTRY OF DEFENCE MALAYSIA SYED ARDI BIN SYED YAHYA KAMAL UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

DEVELOPMENT OF SPAKE S MAINTENANCE MODULE FOR MINISTRY OF DEFENCE MALAYSIA SYED ARDI BIN SYED YAHYA KAMAL UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA DEVELOPMENT OF SPAKE S MAINTENANCE MODULE FOR MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

### ABSTRACT. Keywords: Continuity; interpolation; monotonicity; rational Bernstein-Bézier ABSTRAK

Sains Malaysiana 40(10)(2011): 1173 1178 Improved Sufficient Conditions for Monotonic Piecewise Rational Quartic Interpolation (Syarat Cukup yang Lebih Baik untuk Interpolasi Kuartik Nisbah Cebis Demi

### ISOGEOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PLANE STRESS STRUCTURE CHUM ZHI XIAN

ISOGEOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PLANE STRESS STRUCTURE CHUM ZHI XIAN A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering (Civil-Structure)

### FINITE ELEMENT INVESTIGATION ON THE STRENGTH OF SEMI-RIGID EXTENDED END PLATE STEEL CONNECTION USING LUSAS SOFTWARE MOHD MAIZIZ BIN FISHOL HAMDI

FINITE ELEMENT INVESTIGATION ON THE STRENGTH OF SEMI-RIGID EXTENDED END PLATE STEEL CONNECTION USING LUSAS SOFTWARE MOHD MAIZIZ BIN FISHOL HAMDI Faculty of Civil Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

### DYNAMIC MOBILE SERVER FOR LIVE CASTING APPLICATIONS MUHAMMAD SAZALI BIN HISHAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

DYNAMIC MOBILE SERVER FOR LIVE CASTING APPLICATIONS MUHAMMAD SAZALI BIN HISHAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA DYNAMIC MOBILE SERVER FOR LIVE CASTING APPLICATIONS MUHAMMAD SAZALI BIN HISHAM A thesis submitted

### CAMERA CALIBRATION FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE MAPPING AHMAD RAZALI BIN YUSOFF

CAMERA CALIBRATION FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE MAPPING AHMAD RAZALI BIN YUSOFF A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Master of Science (Geomatic Engineering)

### This item is protected by original copyright

A-PDF Merger DEMO : Purchase from www.a-pdf.com to remove the watermark MEDICAL FACILITIES DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM By MUHAMMAD FAIZAL BIN OSMAN Report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements

### HYBRID MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL USING TOKEN APPROACH IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR HIGH TRAFFIC APPLICATIONS NOR SYAHIDATUL NADIAH BINTI ISMAIL

i HYBRID MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL USING TOKEN APPROACH IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR HIGH TRAFFIC APPLICATIONS NOR SYAHIDATUL NADIAH BINTI ISMAIL A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for

### DATASET GENERATION AND NETWORK INTRUSION DETECTION BASED ON FLOW-LEVEL INFORMATION AHMED ABDALLA MOHAMEDALI ABDALLA

DATASET GENERATION AND NETWORK INTRUSION DETECTION BASED ON FLOW-LEVEL INFORMATION AHMED ABDALLA MOHAMEDALI ABDALLA A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor

### MAC PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS COGNITIVE NETWORK FARAH NAJWA BINTI MOKHTAR

MAC PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS COGNITIVE NETWORK FARAH NAJWA BINTI MOKHTAR This report is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor of Electronic Engineering (Computer Engineering)

### B-SPLINE COLLOCATION APPROACH FOR SOLVING PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

B-SPLINE COLLOCATION APPROACH FOR SOLVING PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS by SHAZALINA BINTI MAT ZIN Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy JANUARY 2016

### SYSTEMATIC SECURE DESIGN GUIDELINE TO IMPROVE INTEGRITY AND AVAILABILITY OF SYSTEM SECURITY ASHVINI DEVI A/P KRISHNAN

iii SYSTEMATIC SECURE DESIGN GUIDELINE TO IMPROVE INTEGRITY AND AVAILABILITY OF SYSTEM SECURITY ASHVINI DEVI A/P KRISHNAN A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award

### VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK: ARCHITECTURE AND IMPLEMENTATIONS

VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK: ARCHITECTURE AND IMPLEMENTATIONS A thesis submitted to the graduate school in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Science (Information Technology)

### UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND INTEGRATION OF ROUTING ALGORITHM IN SHUFFLE EXCHANGE WITH MINUS ONE STAGE

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND INTEGRATION OF ROUTING ALGORITHM IN SHUFFLE EXCHANGE WITH MINUS ONE STAGE NUR ARZILAWATI BINTI MD YUNUS FSKTM 2012 5 RELIABILITY PERFORMANCE

### UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA EFFECTS OF DATA TRANSFORMATION AND CLASSIFIER SELECTIONS ON URBAN FEATURE DISCRIMINATION USING HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA EFFECTS OF DATA TRANSFORMATION AND CLASSIFIER SELECTIONS ON URBAN FEATURE DISCRIMINATION USING HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY MUHAMAD AFIZZUL BIN MISMAN ITMA 2012 13 EFFECTS OF DATA TRANSFORMATION

### ENERGY-EFFICIENT DUAL-SINK ALGORITHMS FOR SINK MOBILITY IN EVENT-DRIVEN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

ENERGY-EFFICIENT DUAL-SINK ALGORITHMS FOR SINK MOBILITY IN EVENT-DRIVEN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS MOHAMMADREZA ESLAMINEJAD UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA ENERGY-EFFICIENT DUAL-SINK ALGORITHMS FOR SINK MOBILITY

### iii SCALE FEES INFORMATION APPLICATION FOR MOBILE USER NURUL IZZATI BINTI ABD KARIM A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the

iii SCALE FEES INFORMATION APPLICATION FOR MOBILE USER NURUL IZZATI BINTI ABD KARIM A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of degree of Master of Bachelor of Science(Geomatics)

### CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION IN BANKING SYSTEM (UTM) IN TERMS OF CUSTOMERS PERSPECTIVES SHAHLA ASADI

CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION IN BANKING SYSTEM (UTM) IN TERMS OF CUSTOMERS PERSPECTIVES SHAHLA ASADI A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master

### UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA METHODOLOGY OF FUZZY-BASED TUNING FOR SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA METHODOLOGY OF FUZZY-BASED TUNING FOR SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER FARZIN PILTAN FK 2011 162 METHODOLOGY OF FUZZY-BASED TUNING FOR SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER By FARZIN PILTAN Thesis Submitted

### ANOMALY DETECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN) LAU WAI FAN

ANOMALY DETECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN) LAU WAI FAN FACULTY OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATICS UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH 2015 i ABSTRACT Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) composed of a lot of randomly

### AN ENHANCED CONNECTIVITY AWARE ROUTING PROTOCOL FOR VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORKS AHMADU MAIDORAWA

AN ENHANCED CONNECTIVITY AWARE ROUTING PROTOCOL FOR VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORKS AHMADU MAIDORAWA A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of

### MICRO-SEQUENCER BASED CONTROL UNIT DESIGN FOR A CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT TAN CHANG HAI

MICRO-SEQUENCER BASED CONTROL UNIT DESIGN FOR A CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT TAN CHANG HAI A project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering

### MINIATURIZED PLANAR CAPACITANCE TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM USING FAN BEAM PROJECTION TECHNIQUE FOR STAGNANT SAMPLES VISUALIZATION

MINIATURIZED PLANAR CAPACITANCE TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM USING FAN BEAM PROJECTION TECHNIQUE FOR STAGNANT SAMPLES VISUALIZATION AIZAT BIN AZMI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA iii Specially dedicated to my lovely

ABSTRACT This project has analysed the requirements and needs, as well as proposed a few solution models for implementing a wireless local area network (WLAN) infrastructure for network and Internet access

### RGB COLOR IMAGE WATERMARKING USING DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM DWT TECHNIQUE AND 4-BITS PLAN BY HISTOGRAM STRETCHING KARRAR ABDUL AMEER KADHIM

RGB COLOR IMAGE WATERMARKING USING DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM DWT TECHNIQUE AND 4-BITS PLAN BY HISTOGRAM STRETCHING KARRAR ABDUL AMEER KADHIM A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements

### SMART AQUARJUM (A UTOMATIC FEEDING MACHINE) SY AFINAZ ZURJATI BINTI BAHARUDDIN

SMART AQUARJUM (A UTOMATIC FEEDING MACHINE) SY AFINAZ ZURJATI BINTI BAHARUDDIN This Report Is Submitted In Partial Fulfillment Of Requirements For The Bachelor Degree of Electronic Engineering (Industry

### DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A MUSIC BOX USING FPGA TAN KIAN YIAK

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A MUSIC BOX USING FPGA TAN KIAN YIAK SCHOOL OF MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA PERLIS MALAYSIA 2007 DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A MUSIC BOX USING FPGA by TAN

### UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA ROBOT MANIPULATION TRAJECTORY PLANNING IN COMPLEX POSITION RAZALI SAMIN ITMA

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA ROBOT MANIPULATION TRAJECTORY PLANNING IN COMPLEX POSITION RAZALI SAMIN ITMA 2002 2 ROBOT MANIPULATION TRAJECTORY PLANNING IN COMPLEX POSITION By RAZALI SAMIN Thesis Submitted

### TWO DIMENSIONAL NETWORK ADJUSTMENT AND DEFORMATION ANALYSIS VIA MATLAB

I TWO DIMENSIONAL NETWORK ADJUSTMENT AND DEFORMATION ANALYSIS VIA MATLAB Roya Olyazadeh A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of (Geomatic Engineering)

### Universiti Teknologi MARA. An Analysis on The Uses of Data Modeling in Database Application Development

CAJ (yo&ao 3 ĕr^?^ Universiti Teknologi MARA An Analysis on The Uses of Data Modeling in Database Application Development Hafiza Binti Ahmad Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for Bachelor

### DYNAMIC TIMETABLE GENERATOR USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION (PSO) METHOD TEH YUNG CHUEN UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA PAHANG

DYNAMIC TIMETABLE GENERATOR USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION (PSO) METHOD TEH YUNG CHUEN UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA PAHANG DYNAMIC TIMETABLE GENERATOR USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION (PSO) METHOD TEH YUNG

### THREE BIT SUBTRACTION CIRCUIT VIA FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY (FPGA) NOORAISYAH BINTI ARASID B

THREE BIT SUBTRACTION CIRCUIT VIA FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY (FPGA) NOORAISYAH BINTI ARASID B021010227 A report submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the award of the Degree of Bachelor

### SPRING-BACK PREDICTION OF MILD STEEL SHEET ON 60º AIR BENDING MOHD ZUHAIRI BIN MD ZOHIR

SPRING-BACK PREDICTION OF MILD STEEL SHEET ON 60º AIR BENDING MOHD ZUHAIRI BIN MD ZOHIR Report submitted in fulfilment of The requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering

### ARM PROCESSOR EMULATOR MOHAMAD HASRUZAIRIN B MOHD HASHIM

iii ARM PROCESSOR EMULATOR MOHAMAD HASRUZAIRIN B MOHD HASHIM A project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering (Electrical Electronic

### AN ENHANCED SIMULATED ANNEALING APPROACH FOR CYLINDRICAL, RECTANGULAR MESH, AND SEMI-DIAGONAL TORUS NETWORK TOPOLOGIES NORAZIAH BINTI ADZHAR

AN ENHANCED SIMULATED ANNEALING APPROACH FOR CYLINDRICAL, RECTANGULAR MESH, AND SEMI-DIAGONAL TORUS NETWORK TOPOLOGIES NORAZIAH BINTI ADZHAR A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the

### DETERMINING THE MULTI-CURRENT SOURCES OF MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAPHY BY USING FUZZY TOPOGRAPHIC TOPOLOGICAL MAPPING

DETERMINING THE MULTI-CURRENT SOURCES OF MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAPHY BY USING FUZZY TOPOGRAPHIC TOPOLOGICAL MAPPING WAN ENY ZARINA WAN ABDUL RAHMAN UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA DETERMINING THE MULTI-CURRENT

### Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering

Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering PREDICTIVE MODELLING OF MACHINING PARAMETERS OF S45C MILD STEEL Adnan Jameel Abbas Doctor of Philosophy 2016 DECLARATION I declare that this thesis entitled Predictive

### APPLICATION OF SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS METHOD IN TWO-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION NUR AISYAH BINTI OMAR UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

APPLICATION OF SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS METHOD IN TWO-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION NUR AISYAH BINTI OMAR UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA APPLICATION OF SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS METHOD IN TWO-DIMENSIONAL

### MUHAMMAD FIRDAUS BIN MD YUSOF

SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) BASED ON ELECTRICAL LOAD CONTROLLER MUHAMMAD FIRDAUS BIN MD YUSOF MAY 2008 I hereby declared that I have read through this report and found that it has

### STUDY OF ENHANCED DCF (EDCF) IN MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION ISMAHANI BINTI ISMAIL

iii STUDY OF ENHANCED DCF (EDCF) IN MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION ISMAHANI BINTI ISMAIL A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Engineering

### AUTOMATIC DETECTION TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER FOR CALIBRATION PROCESS USING THERMOCOUPLE MUHAMAD FARID BIN A.WAHAB

i AUTOMATIC DETECTION TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER FOR CALIBRATION PROCESS USING THERMOCOUPLE MUHAMAD FARID BIN A.WAHAB This thesis is submitted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the

### THREE DIMENSIONAL INTEGRATED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT FOR AIR-PARTICLE FLOW SIMULATION THROUGH IMAGE-BASED UPPER HUMAN AIRWAYS

THREE DIMENSIONAL INTEGRATED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT FOR AIR-PARTICLE FLOW SIMULATION THROUGH IMAGE-BASED UPPER HUMAN AIRWAYS MOHD ZAMANI BIN NGALI UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA THREE DIMENSIONAL INTEGRATED

### FINGERPRINT DATABASE NUR AMIRA BINTI ARIFFIN THESIS SUBMITTED IN FULFILMENT OF THE DEGREE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE (COMPUTER SYSTEM AND NETWORKING)

FINGERPRINT DATABASE NUR AMIRA BINTI ARIFFIN THESIS SUBMITTED IN FULFILMENT OF THE DEGREE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE (COMPUTER SYSTEM AND NETWORKING) FACULTY OF COMPUTER SYSTEM AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 2015 i

### MAGNETIC FLUX LEAKAGE SYSTEM FOR WIRE ROPE INSPECTION USING BLUETOOTH COMMUNICATION MUHAMMAD MAHFUZ BIN SALEHHON UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

MAGNETIC FLUX LEAKAGE SYSTEM FOR WIRE ROPE INSPECTION USING BLUETOOTH COMMUNICATION MUHAMMAD MAHFUZ BIN SALEHHON UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA MAGNETIC FLUX LEAKAGE SYSTEM FOR WIRE ROPE INSPECTION USING

### DEVELOPMENT OF A MOBILE ROBOT SPATIAL DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM OOI WEI HAN MASTER OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

DEVELOPMENT OF A MOBILE ROBOT SPATIAL DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM By OOI WEI HAN MASTER OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA 2006 DEVELOPMENT OF A MOBILE ROBOT SPATIAL DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM By OOI WEI HAN

### UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA CUSTOM WINDOWS PERFORMANCE COUNTERS MONITORING MECHANISM FOR MEASURING QUALITY OF SERVICE ATTRIBUTES AND STABILITY COEFFICIENT IN SERVICE- ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE BAHAREH SADAT

### RESOURCE ALLOCATION SCHEME FOR FUTURE USER-CENTRIC WIRELESS NETWORK WAHEEDA JABBAR UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

RESOURCE ALLOCATION SCHEME FOR FUTURE USER-CENTRIC WIRELESS NETWORK WAHEEDA JABBAR UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA Replace this page with form PSZ 19:16 (Pind. 1/07), which can be obtained from SPS or your

### NEWTON BASED HOMOTOPY OPTIMIZATION METHOD FOR SOLVING GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION PROBLEM AHMAD ZHARIF SALAMI BIN MOHD TAHA

NEWTON BASED HOMOTOPY OPTIMIZATION METHOD FOR SOLVING GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION PROBLEM AHMAD ZHARIF SALAMI BIN MOHD TAHA A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of

### COMPUTER BASED INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM FOR PRESSURE MEASUREMENT IN MATLAB APPLICATION

COMPUTER BASED INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM FOR PRESSURE MEASUREMENT IN MATLAB APPLICATION NURLIYANA BINTI MOHD JOHARI This draft thesis is submitted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award