# 9/10/10. Arithmetic Operators. Today. Assigning floats to ints. Arithmetic Operators & Expressions. What do you think is the output?

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1 Arithmetic Operators Section 2.15 & 3.2 p 60-63, Today Arithmetic Operators & Expressions o Computation o Precedence o Associativity o Algebra vs C++ o Exponents 2 Assigning floats to ints int intvariable; intvariable = 42.7; cout << intvariable; What do you think is the output? 3 1

2 Assigning doubles to ints What is the output here? int intvariable; double doublevariable = 78.9; intvariable = doublevariable; cout << intvariable; 4 Arithmetic Expressions Arithmetic expressions manipulate numeric data We ve already seen simple ones The main arithmetic operators are + addition - subtraction * multiplication / division % modulus 9/9/05 CS120 The Information Era 5 +, -, and * Addition, subtraction, and multiplication behave in C++ in the same way that they behave in algebra int num1, num2, num3, num4, sum, mul; num1 = 3; num2 = 5; num3 = 2; num4 = 6; sum = num1 + num2; mul = num3 * num4; 9/9/05 CS120 The Information Era 6 2

3 Division What is the output? o int grade; grade = 100 / 20; cout << grade; o int grade; grade = 100 / 30; cout << grade; 7 Division grade = 100 / 40; o Check operands of / the data type of grade is not considered, why? o We say the integer is truncated. grade = / 40; o What data type should grade be declared as? 8 Mathematical Expressions Complex mathematical expressions are created by using multiple operators and grouping symbols o expression: programming statement that has value o sum = ; expression In these two examples, we assign the value of an expression to a variable o number = 3; 9 3

4 Arithmetic Operators Operators allow us to manipulate data o Unary: operator operand o Binary: operand operator operand (left hand side) (right hand side) Operator Meaning Type Example - Negation Unary - 5 = Assignment Binary rate = 0.05 * Multiplication Binary cost * rate / Division Binary cost / 2 % Modulus Binary cost % 2 + Addition Binary cost + tax - Subtraction Binary total - tax 10 Operator Precedence result = 4 * 2-3; result = / 3; o result =? Rules on how to evaluate an arithmetic expression o arithmetic expressions are evaluated left to right o do them in order of precedence o grouping symbols ( ) 11 Operator Precedence Precedence of Arithmetic Operators (Highest to Lowest) (unary negation) - * / % + - (assignment) = Operator Associativity If two operators have the same precedence, evaluate them from left to right as they appear in the expression 12 4

5 Practice int x = 3; double y = 2.5; cout << * 3; cout << ( 10 / 2 y ); cout << * 2-3; cout << / ; cout << (6 - y) * 9 / x * 4-9; If you are unsure, you can always type up and run the code in Visual Studio 13 Modulus Modulus is the remainder after integer division grade = 100 % 20; o grade =? grade = 100 % 30; o grade =? rem = x % n; o What are the possible values for rem? 14 Problem Write a C++ program that allows the user the ability to enter their name and the number of nickels and pennies they have. You are then to print the number of dollars and change that corresponds to 15 5

6 Summary Today we have looked at: o Arithmetic Operators & Expressions Next time we will: o Continue looking at mathematic operators Completed section 2.15 & started on section

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