Declaration and Memory


 Baldric Shields
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Declaration and Memory With the declaration int width; the compiler will set aside a 4byte (32bit) block of memory (see right) The compiler has a symbol table, which will have an entry such as Identifier Type Block Address width int 8 Note: No initialization is involved; there is only an association of a name with an address. width Integers vs. Reals Integers (byte, short, int, long): 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, Reals (double, float) include values with a decimal point; e.g., π e etc. 33 1
2 Reals (format, storage, range) Format Formatted according to the IEEE754 standard for floating point arithmetic Includes a fractional part and a power (the details needn t concern us here) Storage float 4 bytes double 8 bytes Range float ±10 38 with 7 significant digits double ± with 15 significant digits 34 Real Examples double x; double interestrate = 1.5; float z = 1.1f; double abc = 3.4E5; Float literal (default is double) Same as
3 What happens if Special Cases Division by zero Integers: throws an arithmetic exception Reals: assigns a fictitious value, NaN ( not a number ) Out of range result Integers: range is treated as circular Reals: assigns a fictitious value, Infinity 36 The Type boolean Stores the result of a condition Has only two possible values, true or false true and false are reserved words Boolean variables are not integers 37 3
4 The Character Type char A char is a letter, digit, or symbol Stores the code, not the typeface The codes for English use ASCII 1 char is thus an (unsigned) integer type Numeric coding of characters uses the Unicode character set Unicode has 64K codes (next three slides) 1 ASCII codes are the first 256 entries in the Unicode character set. Try Wikipedia for more details. 38 Figure A
5 Figure A.2 40 Figure A
6 Character literals are recognized by single quotes surrounding a character, e.g., 'A' Special characters, such a single quote itself, are represented as literals using escape sequences Character Literals 42 Primitive and Nonprimitive Types The eight types just introduced are short, byte, int, long, float, double, boolean, and char These are Java s primitive types They are internally supported Java also supports nonprimitive types (class, interface, array) The most common nonprimitive type is the String class (which supports literals) String literals: collection of characters enclosed in double quotes (e.g., "hello world") 43 6
7 Summary of Java s Primitive Types see next slide 44 N U M B E R PRIMITIVE TYPES I N T E G E R Type Size (bytes) Approximate Range min max S.D. S byte ? I G short 232, ,767? N E int ? D long ? UNSIGNED char ,535? R E SINGLE float A L DOUBLE double BOOLEAN boolean 1 true/false N/A
8 Topics Anatomy of a program The declaration statement The assignment statement 46 Assignment Statement The statement (from Area.java) width = 8; is of the general form name = value; Predeclared and inscope Type can hold RHS Content will be overwritten Literal Name, or Expression Note: RHS = righthand side, LHS = lefthand side 47 8
9 Examples int quantity; quantity = 25; int quantity = 25; int stock = quantity; int quantity = 25; char grade = B ; boolean isfound = false; double intrate = 1.25; int stock = 100; int order = 15; int total = order + stock; Declaration Assignment Declaration and assignment combined Name of variable on RHS Expression on RHS 48 Addition is Left to Right Note that int total = stock + order + 1; is the same as int total = (stock + order) + 1; Note: Parentheses force the enclosed operation to be performed first (which makes no difference in this case) 49 9
10 Summary of the int Arithmetic Operators see next slide 50 Precedence Operator Kind Syntax Operation 5 + infix x + y add y to x  infix x  y subtract y from x Lowest priority Highest priority * infix x * y multiply x by y / infix x / y divide x by y % infix x % y remainder of x / y + prefix +x identity  prefix x negate x ++ prefix ++x x = x + 1; result = x  prefix x x = x  1; result = x ++ postfix x++ result = x; x = x postfix x result = x; x = x
11 Division (/) Notes (1) For integer operands, the result is an integer rounded toward zero, so 5 / / 41 For real operands, the result is a real 5.0 / / Notes (2) Remainder (%) is the remainder after division I.e., a % b yields a (a / b) * b) 5 % % % 32 Note: the sign is always the same as the divisor 53 11
12 Notes (3) Auto increment (++), auto decrement () Prefix: Increment/decrement before using in an expression Postfix: Increment/decrement after using in an expression Example: If x is 5, z = ++x leads to z being 6 If x is 5, z = x++ leads to z being 5 In both cases above, x becomes
13 = / 52 * 3 % 4 56 = / 52 * 3 %
14 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 58 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 %
15 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = % 4 60 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = %
16 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = % 4 = = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = % 4 =
17 = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = % 4 = = = / 52 * 3 % 4 = * 3 % 4 = % 4 = = 52 =
18 Note For the full scoop on Java operators, consult Oracle s Java Tutorials: 66 Mixing Types and Casting Promotion (aka widening conversion) Converts a lower type to a higher type (e.g., from int to float) Done automatically, when needed May lead to loss of precision, but the magnitude is preserved Demotion (aka narrowing conversion) Converts a higher type to a lower type (e.g., from double to long) Not done automatically Done explicitly using a cast Promotion and demotion illustrated (next slide) 67 18
19 double float Demotion long int Promotion byte short char 68 Promotion Demotion Examples float x = 1.5f; double xsquared = x * x; double x = 1.5; float xsquared = (float)(x * x); The result is a float, but it is automatically promoted to a double when assigned to xsquared. The initial result is a double, but it is cast down (i.e., demoted) to a float when assigned to xsquared
20 Notes The cast operation has a precedence that is higher than * but less than ++ The = operator has the lowest precedence of all operators There are shorthand operators to combine assignment with an operator: x op= y is shorthand for x = x op y E.g., x += 1 is like x = x Example int ivar = 15; long lvar = 2; float fvar = 7.6f  ivar / lvar; double dvar = 1L / lvar + fvar / lvar; int result = 100 * dvar; What is the value of result? Do in class: Put the statements into a Java program, fix if need be, and output the value of result
21 Thank You 72 21
ECE 122 Engineering Problem Solving with Java
ECE 122 Engineering Problem Solving with Java Lecture 3 Expression Evaluation and Program Interaction Outline Problem: How do I input data and use it in complicated expressions Creating complicated expressions
More informationCSCI 2010 Principles of Computer Science. Data and Expressions 08/09/2013 CSCI
CSCI 2010 Principles of Computer Science Data and Expressions 08/09/2013 CSCI 2010 1 Data Types, Variables and Expressions in Java We look at the primitive data types, strings and expressions that are
More informationModule 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1
Module 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1 Topics 1. Expressions 2. Operator precedence 3. Shorthand operators 4. Data/Type Conversion 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 2 Expressions
More informationData and Expressions. Outline. Data and Expressions 12/18/2010. Let's explore some other fundamental programming concepts. Chapter 2 focuses on:
Data and Expressions Data and Expressions Let's explore some other fundamental programming concepts Chapter 2 focuses on: Character Strings Primitive Data The Declaration And Use Of Variables Expressions
More informationCS313D: ADVANCED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
CS313D: ADVANCED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE Computer Science department Lecture 2 : C# Language Basics Lecture Contents 2 The C# language First program Variables and constants Input/output Expressions and casting
More informationCOMP Primitive and Class Types. Yi Hong May 14, 2015
COMP 110001 Primitive and Class Types Yi Hong May 14, 2015 Review What are the two major parts of an object? What is the relationship between class and object? Design a simple class for Student How to
More informationData and Variables. Data Types Expressions. String Concatenation Variables Declaration Assignment Shorthand operators. Operators Precedence
Data and Variables Data Types Expressions Operators Precedence String Concatenation Variables Declaration Assignment Shorthand operators Review class All code in a java file is written in a class public
More informationCMPT 125: Lecture 3 Data and Expressions
CMPT 125: Lecture 3 Data and Expressions Tamara Smyth, tamaras@cs.sfu.ca School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University January 3, 2009 1 Character Strings A character string is an object in Java,
More informationExpressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2015 Howard Rosenthal
Expressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2015 Howard Rosenthal Lesson Goals Understand the basic constructs of a Java Program Understand how to use basic identifiers Understand simple Java data types
More informationCONTENTS: Compilation Data and Expressions COMP 202. More on Chapter 2
CONTENTS: Compilation Data and Expressions COMP 202 More on Chapter 2 Programming Language Levels There are many programming language levels: machine language assembly language highlevel language Java,
More informationChapter 2: Data and Expressions
Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 Department of Computer Science College of Engineering Boise State University August 21, 2017 Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 1 / 51 Chapter 1 Terminology Review
More informationOutline. Performing Computations. Outline (cont) Expressions in C. Some Expression Formats. Types for Operands
Performing Computations C provides operators that can be applied to calculate expressions: tax is 8.5% of the total sale expression: tax = 0.085 * totalsale Need to specify what operations are legal, how
More informationInformation Science 1
Topics covered Information Science 1 Terms and concepts from Week 8 Simple calculations Documenting programs Simple Calcula,ons Expressions Arithmetic operators and arithmetic operator precedence Mixedtype
More informationChapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion
101 Chapter 3 Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Chapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Objectives To use basic arithmetic operators. To use increment and decrement operators. To
More informationUNIT 3 Introduction to C++
UNIT 3 Introduction to C++ C++ Character Sets: Letters AZ, az Digits 09 Special Symbols Space +  * / ^ \ ( ) [ ] =!= . $, ; : %! &? _ # = @ White Spaces Blank spaces, horizontal tab, carriage
More informationChapter 2: Data and Expressions
Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 Department of Computer Science College of Engineering Boise State University January 15, 2015 Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 1 / 1 Chapter 2 Part 1: Data
More informationOperators and Expressions
Operators and Expressions Conversions. Widening and Narrowing Primitive Conversions Widening and Narrowing Reference Conversions Conversions up the type hierarchy are called widening reference conversions
More informationReview: Exam 1. Your First C++ Program. Declaration Statements. Tells the compiler. Examples of declaration statements
Review: Exam 1 9/20/06 CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 1 Your First C++ Program 1 //*********************************************************** 2 // File name: hello.cpp 3 // Author: Shereen Khoja
More information3. Java  Language Constructs I
Educational Objectives 3. Java  Language Constructs I Names and Identifiers, Variables, Assignments, Constants, Datatypes, Operations, Evaluation of Expressions, Type Conversions You know the basic blocks
More informationJava enum, casts, and others (Select portions of Chapters 4 & 5)
Enum or enumerates types Java enum, casts, and others (Select portions of Chapters 4 & 5) Sharma Chakravarthy Information Technology Laboratory (IT Lab) Computer Science and Engineering Department The
More informationExpressions and Data Types CSC 121 Fall 2015 Howard Rosenthal
Expressions and Data Types CSC 121 Fall 2015 Howard Rosenthal Lesson Goals Understand the basic constructs of a Java Program Understand how to use basic identifiers Understand simple Java data types and
More informationOperators. Java Primer Operators1 Scott MacKenzie = 2. (b) (a)
Operators Representing and storing primitive data types is, of course, essential for any computer language. But, so, too, is the ability to perform operations on data. Java supports a comprehensive set
More informationObjects and Types. COMS W1007 Introduction to Computer Science. Christopher Conway 29 May 2003
Objects and Types COMS W1007 Introduction to Computer Science Christopher Conway 29 May 2003 Java Programs A Java program contains at least one class definition. public class Hello { public static void
More informationA Java program contains at least one class definition.
Java Programs Identifiers Objects and Types COMS W1007 Introduction to Computer Science Christopher Conway 29 May 2003 A Java program contains at least one class definition. public class Hello { public
More informationData Types and Variables in C language
Data Types and Variables in C language Disclaimer The slides are prepared from various sources. The purpose of the slides is for academic use only Operators in C C supports a rich set of operators. Operators
More informationBasic Operations jgrasp debugger Writing Programs & Checkstyle
Basic Operations jgrasp debugger Writing Programs & Checkstyle Suppose you wanted to write a computer game to play "Rock, Paper, Scissors". How many combinations are there? Is there a tricky way to represent
More informationChapter 2: Data and Expressions
Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 Department of Computer Science College of Engineering Boise State University April 21, 2015 Chapter 2: Data and Expressions CS 121 1 / 53 Chapter 2 Part 1: Data Types
More informationProgram Fundamentals
Program Fundamentals /* HelloWorld.java * The classic Hello, world! program */ class HelloWorld { public static void main (String[ ] args) { System.out.println( Hello, world! ); } } /* HelloWorld.java
More informationA First Program  Greeting.cpp
C++ Basics A First Program  Greeting.cpp Preprocessor directives Function named main() indicates start of program // Program: Display greetings #include using namespace std; int main() { cout
More informationCSE 1001 Fundamentals of Software Development 1. Identifiers, Variables, and Data Types Dr. H. Crawford Fall 2018
CSE 1001 Fundamentals of Software Development 1 Identifiers, Variables, and Data Types Dr. H. Crawford Fall 2018 Identifiers, Variables and Data Types Reserved Words Identifiers in C Variables and Values
More informationPrimitive Types. Four integer types: Two floatingpoint types: One character type: One boolean type: byte short int (most common) long
Primitive Types Four integer types: byte short int (most common) long Two floatingpoint types: float double (most common) One character type: char One boolean type: boolean 1 2 Primitive Types, cont.
More informationVisual C# Instructor s Manual Table of Contents
Visual C# 2005 21 Chapter 2 Using Data At a Glance Instructor s Manual Table of Contents Overview Objectives s Quick Quizzes Class Discussion Topics Additional Projects Additional Resources Key Terms
More informationBasics of Java Programming
Basics of Java Programming Lecture 2 COP 3252 Summer 2017 May 16, 2017 Components of a Java Program statements  A statement is some action or sequence of actions, given as a command in code. A statement
More informationBASIC COMPUTATION. public static void main(string [] args) Fundamentals of Computer Science I
BASIC COMPUTATION x public static void main(string [] args) Fundamentals of Computer Science I Outline Using Eclipse Data Types Variables Primitive and Class Data Types Expressions Declaration Assignment
More information3. EXPRESSIONS. It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value.
3. EXPRESSIONS It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value. Operator : It is a symbolic token that represents an action to be taken. Ex: * is an multiplication operator. Operand:
More informationChapter 2: Using Data
Chapter 2: Using Data Declaring Variables Constant Cannot be changed after a program is compiled Variable A named location in computer memory that can hold different values at different points in time
More informationLecture 3. More About C
Copyright 1996 David R. Hanson Computer Science 126, Fall 1996 31 Lecture 3. More About C Programming languages have their lingo Programming language Types are categories of values int, float, char Constants
More informationCOSC 236 Section 101 Computer Science 1  Prof. Michael A. Soderstrand
COSC 236 Section 101 Computer Science 1  Prof. Michael A. Soderstrand COSC 236 Web Site I have decided to keep this site for the whole semester I still hope to have blackboard up and running, but you
More informationData Conversion & Scanner Class
Data Conversion & Scanner Class Quick review of last lecture August 29, 2007 ComS 207: Programming I (in Java) Iowa State University, FALL 2007 Instructor: Alexander Stoytchev Numeric Primitive Data Storing
More informationMore Programming Constructs  Introduction
More Programming Constructs  Introduction We can now examine some additional programming concepts and constructs Chapter 5 focuses on: internal data representation conversions between one data type and
More informationA variable is a name for a location in memory A variable must be declared
Variables A variable is a name for a location in memory A variable must be declared, specifying the variable's name and the type of information that will be held in it data type variable name int total;
More informationJava Foundations: Introduction to Program Design & Data Structures, 4e John Lewis, Peter DePasquale, Joseph Chase Test Bank: Chapter 2
Java Foundations Introduction to Program Design and Data Structures 4th Edition Lewis TEST BANK Full download at : https://testbankreal.com/download/javafoundationsintroductiontoprogramdesignanddatastructures4theditionlewistestbank/
More informationLecture 1. Types, Expressions, & Variables
Lecture 1 Types, Expressions, & Variables About Your Instructor Director: GDIAC Game Design Initiative at Cornell Teach game design (and CS 1110 in fall) 8/29/13 Overview, Types & Expressions 2 Helping
More informationCSc 10200! Introduction to Computing. Lecture 23 Edgardo Molina Fall 2013 City College of New York
CSc 10200! Introduction to Computing Lecture 23 Edgardo Molina Fall 2013 City College of New York 1 C++ for Engineers and Scientists Third Edition Chapter 2 Problem Solving Using C++ 2 Objectives In this
More informationWEEK 4 OPERATORS, EXPRESSIONS AND STATEMENTS
WEEK 4 OPERATORS, EXPRESSIONS AND STATEMENTS OPERATORS Review: Data values can appear as literals or be stored in variables/constants Data values can be returned by method calls Operators: special symbols
More informationComputational Expression
Computational Expression Scanner, Increment/Decrement, Conversion Janyl Jumadinova 17 September, 2018 Janyl Jumadinova Computational Expression 17 September, 2018 1 / 11 Review: Scanner The Scanner class
More informationReserved Words and Identifiers
1 Programming in C Reserved Words and Identifiers Reserved word Word that has a specific meaning in C Ex: int, return Identifier Word used to name and refer to a data element or object manipulated by the
More informationInformation Science 1
Information Science 1 Simple Calcula,ons Week 09 College of Information Science and Engineering Ritsumeikan University Topics covered l Terms and concepts from Week 8 l Simple calculations Documenting
More informationChapter. Let's explore some other fundamental programming concepts
Data and Expressions 2 Chapter 5 TH EDITION Lewis & Loftus java Software Solutions Foundations of Program Design 2007 Pearson AddisonWesley. All rights reserved Data and Expressions Let's explore some
More informationUnit 3. Constants and Expressions
1 Unit 3 Constants and Expressions 2 Review C Integer Data Types Integer Types (signed by default unsigned with optional leading keyword) C Type Bytes Bits Signed Range Unsigned Range [unsigned] char 1
More informationChapter 12 Variables and Operators
Chapter 12 Variables and Operators Highlights (1) r. height width operator area = 3.14 * r *r + width * height literal/constant variable expression (assignment) statement 122 Highlights (2) r. height
More informationOperators. Java operators are classified into three categories:
Operators Operators are symbols that perform arithmetic and logical operations on operands and provide a meaningful result. Operands are data values (variables or constants) which are involved in operations.
More informationLECTURE 3 C++ Basics Part 2
LECTURE 3 C++ Basics Part 2 OVERVIEW Operators Type Conversions OPERATORS Operators are special builtin symbols that have functionality, and work on operands. Operators are actually functions that use
More informationIntroduction to Java Chapters 1 and 2 The Java Language Section 1.1 Data & Expressions Sections
Introduction to Java Chapters 1 and 2 The Java Language Section 1.1 Data & Expressions Sections 2.1 2.5 Instructor: Scott Kristjanson CMPT 125/125 SFU Burnaby, Fall 2013 2 Scope Introduce the Java programming
More informationChapter 2: Using Data
Chapter 2: Using Data TRUE/FALSE 1. A variable can hold more than one value at a time. F PTS: 1 REF: 52 2. The legal integer values are 2 31 through 2 311. These are the highest and lowest values that
More informationComputer System and programming in C
1 Basic Data Types Integral Types Integers are stored in various sizes. They can be signed or unsigned. Example Suppose an integer is represented by a byte (8 bits). Leftmost bit is sign bit. If the sign
More informationUnit 3. Operators. School of Science and Technology INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION Operators Unit 3 In the previous units (unit 1 and 2) you have learned about the basics of computer programming, different data types, constants, keywords and basic structure of a C program.
More informationJAVA Programming Fundamentals
Chapter 4 JAVA Programming Fundamentals By: Deepak Bhinde PGT Comp.Sc. JAVA character set Character set is a set of valid characters that a language can recognize. It may be any letter, digit or any symbol
More informationCHAPTER 3 Expressions, Functions, Output
CHAPTER 3 Expressions, Functions, Output More Data Types: Integral Number Types short, long, int (all represent integer values with no fractional part). Computer Representation of integer numbers  Number
More informationOperators in java Operator operands.
Operators in java Operator in java is a symbol that is used to perform operations and the objects of operation are referred as operands. There are many types of operators in java such as unary operator,
More informationChapter 6 Primitive types
Chapter 6 Primitive types Lesson page 61. Primitive types Question 1. There are an infinite number of integers, so it would be too ineffient to have a type integer that would contain all of them. Question
More informationPrimitive Data Types: Intro
Primitive Data Types: Intro Primitive data types represent single values and are built into a language Java primitive numeric data types: 1. Integral types (a) byte (b) int (c) short (d) long 2. Real types
More informationProgramming Lecture 3
Programming Lecture 3 Expressions (Chapter 3) Primitive types Aside: Context Free Grammars Constants, variables Identifiers Variable declarations Arithmetic expressions Operator precedence Assignment statements
More informationOperators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur
Operators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur Operators and Expressions 8/24/2012 Dept of CS&E 2 Arithmetic operators Relational operators Logical operators
More informationBuilding Java Programs
Building Java Programs Chapter 2 Lecture 21: Expressions and Variables reading: 2.12.2 1 Data and expressions reading: 2.1 selfcheck: 14 videos: Ch. 2 #1 2 Data types type: A category or set of data
More informationESc101 : Fundamental of Computing
ESc101 : Fundamental of Computing I Semester 200809 Lecture 9+10 Types Range of numeric types and literals (constants) in JAVA Expressions with values of mixed types 1 I : Range of numeric types and literals
More informationThese are reserved words of the C language. For example int, float, if, else, for, while etc.
Tokens in C Keywords These are reserved words of the C language. For example int, float, if, else, for, while etc. Identifiers An Identifier is a sequence of letters and digits, but must start with a letter.
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators. Unary Operators. Relational Operators. Examples of use of ++ and
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Op. Use Description + x + y adds x and y x y
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Examples: Op. Use Description + x + y adds x
More informationExpressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2017 Howard Rosenthal
Expressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2017 Howard Rosenthal Lesson Goals Understand the basic constructs of a Java Program Understand how to use basic identifiers Understand simple Java data types
More informationSOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT 1. Operators 2018W A. Ferscha (Institute of Pervasive Computing, JKU Linz)
SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT 1 Operators 2018W (Institute of Pervasive Computing, JKU Linz) OPERATORS Operators are required to form expressions. Depending on the number of operands they take, they are called:
More informationJava Notes. 10th ICSE. Saravanan Ganesh
Java Notes 10th ICSE Saravanan Ganesh 13 Java Character Set Character set is a set of valid characters that a language can recognise A character represents any letter, digit or any other sign Java uses
More informationBuilding Java Programs
Building Java Programs Chapter 2 Lecture 21: Expressions and Variables reading: 2.12.2 Copyright 2009 by Pearson Education Data and expressions reading: 2.1 selfcheck: 14 videos: Ch. 2 #1 Copyright
More informationWeek 2: Console I/O and Operators Arithmetic Operators. Integer Division. Arithmetic Operators. Gaddis: Chapter 3 (2.14,3.16,3.910,5.
Week 2: Console I/O and Operators Gaddis: Chapter 3 (2.14,3.16,3.910,5.1) CS 1428 Fall 2014 Jill Seaman 1 2.14 Arithmetic Operators An operator is a symbol that tells the computer to perform specific
More informationJava Programming Fundamentals. Visit for more.
Chapter 4: Java Programming Fundamentals Informatics Practices Class XI (CBSE Board) Revised as per CBSE Curriculum 2015 Visit www.ip4you.blogspot.com for more. Authored By: Rajesh Kumar Mishra, PGT (Comp.Sc.)
More informationLanguage Reference Manual simplicity
Language Reference Manual simplicity Course: COMS S4115 Professor: Dr. Stephen Edwards TA: Graham Gobieski Date: July 20, 2016 Group members Rui Gu rg2970 Adam Hadar anh2130 Zachary Moffitt znm2104 Suzanna
More informationEx: If you use a program to record sales, you will want to remember data:
Data Variables Programs need to remember values. Ex: If you use a program to record sales, you will want to remember data: A loaf of bread was sold to Sione Latu on 14/02/19 for T$1.00. Customer Name:
More informationJava Identifiers. Java Language Essentials. Java Keywords. Java Applications have Class. Slide Set 2: Java Essentials. Copyright 2012 R.M.
Java Language Essentials Java is Case Sensitive All Keywords are lower case White space characters are ignored Spaces, tabs, new lines Java statements must end with a semicolon ; Compound statements use
More informationExpressions. Arithmetic expressions. Logical expressions. Assignment expression. n Variables and constants linked with operators
Expressions 1 Expressions n Variables and constants linked with operators Arithmetic expressions n Uses arithmetic operators n Can evaluate to any value Logical expressions n Uses relational and logical
More informationObjectives. Introduce the core C# language features class Main types variables basic input and output operators arrays control constructs comments
Basics Objectives Introduce the core C# language features class Main types variables basic input and output operators arrays control constructs comments 2 Class Keyword class used to define new type specify
More informationGetting started with Java
Getting started with Java Magic Lines public class MagicLines { public static void main(string[] args) { } } Comments Comments are lines in your code that get ignored during execution. Good for leaving
More informationObjectives. Chapter 2: Basic Elements of C++ Introduction. Objectives (cont d.) A C++ Program (cont d.) A C++ Program
Objectives Chapter 2: Basic Elements of C++ In this chapter, you will: Become familiar with functions, special symbols, and identifiers in C++ Explore simple data types Discover how a program evaluates
More informationCS113: Lecture 3. Topics: Variables. Data types. Arithmetic and Bitwise Operators. Order of Evaluation
CS113: Lecture 3 Topics: Variables Data types Arithmetic and Bitwise Operators Order of Evaluation 1 Variables Names of variables: Composed of letters, digits, and the underscore ( ) character. (NO spaces;
More informationChapter 2: Basic Elements of C++
Chapter 2: Basic Elements of C++ Objectives In this chapter, you will: Become familiar with functions, special symbols, and identifiers in C++ Explore simple data types Discover how a program evaluates
More informationChapter 2. C++ Basics
Chapter 2 C++ Basics Overview 2.1 Variables and Assignments 2.2 Input and Output 2.3 Data Types and Expressions 2.4 Simple Flow of Control 2.5 Program Style Slide 22 2.1 Variables and Assignments Variables
More informationJava Fall 2018 Margaret ReidMiller
Java 15121 Fall 2018 Margaret ReidMiller Reminders How many late days can you use all semester? 3 How many late days can you use for a single assignment? 1 What is the penalty for turning an assignment
More informationChapter 2: Basic Elements of C++ Objectives. Objectives (cont d.) A C++ Program. Introduction
Chapter 2: Basic Elements of C++ C++ Programming: From Problem Analysis to Program Design, Fifth Edition 1 Objectives In this chapter, you will: Become familiar with functions, special symbols, and identifiers
More information1.3b Type Conversion
1.3b Type Conversion Type Conversion When we write expressions involved data that involves two different data types, such as multiplying an integer and floating point number, we need to perform a type
More informationEng. Mohammed S. Abdualal
Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Engineering Computer Engineering Dept. Computer Programming Lab (ECOM 2114) Created by Eng: Mohammed Alokshiya Modified by Eng: Mohammed Abdualal Lab 3 Selections
More informationVariables and literals
Demo lecture slides Although I will not usually give slides for demo lectures, the first two demo lectures involve practice with things which you should really know from G51PRG Since I covered much of
More informationOperators. Lecture 3 COP 3014 Spring January 16, 2018
Operators Lecture 3 COP 3014 Spring 2018 January 16, 2018 Operators Special builtin symbols that have functionality, and work on operands operand an input to an operator Arity  how many operands an operator
More informationSir Muhammad Naveed. Arslan Ahmed Shaad ( ) Muhammad Bilal ( )
Sir Muhammad Naveed Arslan Ahmed Shaad (1163135 ) Muhammad Bilal ( 1163122 ) www.techo786.wordpress.com CHAPTER: 2 NOTES: VARIABLES AND OPERATORS The given Questions can also be attempted as Long Questions.
More informationA complex expression to evaluate we need to reduce it to a series of simple expressions. E.g * 7 =>2+ 35 => 37. E.g.
1.3a Expressions Expressions An Expression is a sequence of operands and operators that reduces to a single value. An operator is a syntactical token that requires an action be taken An operand is an object
More informationC Language Part 1 Digital Computer Concept and Practice Copyright 2012 by Jaejin Lee
C Language Part 1 (Minor modifications by the instructor) References C for Python Programmers, by Carl Burch, 2011. http://www.toves.org/books/cpy/ The C Programming Language. 2nd ed., Kernighan, Brian,
More informationWhat we will do today Explain and look at examples of. Programs that examine data. Data types. Topic 4. variables. expressions. assignment statements
Topic 4 Variables Once a programmer has understood the use of variables, he has understood the essence of programming Edsger Dijkstra What we will do today Explain and look at examples of primitive data
More informationChapter 2. Elementary Programming
Chapter 2 Elementary Programming 1 Objectives To write Java programs to perform simple calculations To obtain input from the console using the Scanner class To use identifiers to name variables, constants,
More informationChapter 12 Variables and Operators
Chapter 12 Variables and Operators Basic C Elements Variables Named, typed data items Operators Predefined actions performed on data items Combined with variables to form expressions, statements Statements
More informationInformatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial
Informatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial Operators and expressions in C Operators and expressions in C Numerical expressions and operators Arithmetical operators Relational and logical
More informationTypes and Expressions. Chapter 3
Types and Expressions Chapter 3 Chapter Contents 3.1 Introductory Example: Einstein's Equation 3.2 Primitive Types and Reference Types 3.3 Numeric Types and Expressions 3.4 Assignment Expressions 3.5 Java's
More informationValues and Variables 1 / 30
Values and Variables 1 / 30 Values 2 / 30 Computing Computing is any purposeful activity that marries the representation of some dynamic domain with the representation of some dynamic machine that provides
More information