Constants and Variables


 Morgan Mosley
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 DATA STORAGE
2 Constants and Variables In many introductory courses you will come across characteristics or elements such as rates, outputs, income, etc., measured by numerical values. Some of these will always remain the same, and some will change. The characteristic or element that remains the same is called a constant. For example, the number of donuts in a dozen is always 12. That means the number of donuts in a dozen is a constant. While some of these characteristics or elements remain the same, some of these values can vary (e.g., the price of a dozen donuts can change from $2.50 to $3.00), we call these characteristics or elements variables. Variable is the generic term for any characteristic or element that changes. You should be able to determine which characteristics or elements are constants and which are variables.
3 Example Which of the following are variables and which are constants? The temperature outside your house. The number of square feet in a room that is 12 ft by 12 ft The noise level at a concert or class. Price of a gallon of gas. Number of inches in a foot. Number of leaves on a tree. Capacity of the gas tank of your car.
4 Data Types A data type is a set of values together with operations (functions) on that set. E.g. the set of real numbers together with the operations +,,, /. Often one has a system of data types, i.e. multiple named sets and operations that can have input and output values from different sets. E.g. < is an operation that takes two numbers and returns a Boolean value (true or false).
5 Implementation Implementations of data types on computers are often limited. If the result of an operation falls outside the implemented subset, the result is undefined. E.g.: The program is aborted with an error message. The program continues to work, but with a wrong value. E.g. adding two large positive numbers gives a negative number.
6 Data Types Primary Data Types Void Character Integer Floating Boolean Composite Data Types Array String Pointer Structure Union Enum etc.
7 Operators An operator is a symbol (+,,*,/) that directs the computer to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations and is usually used to manipulate data and variables Ex: a+b 1. Arithmetic operators 2. Relational operators 3. Logical operators 4. Assignment operators 5. Increment and decrement operators 6. Conditional operators 7. Bitwise operators 8. Special operators
8 Arithmetic Operators
9 Relational Operators
10 Logical Operators Logical expression or a compound relational expression An expression that combines two or more relational expressions Ex: if (a==b && b==c)
11 Truth Table
12 Assignment Operators Syntax: v op = exp; Where v = variable, op = shorthand assignment operator exp = expression Ex: x=x+3 x+=3
13 Shorthand Assignment Operators
14 Increment & Decrement Operators 2 useful operators namely Increment ++ Decrement operators The ++ operator adds a value 1 to the operand The  operator subtracts 1 from the operand ++a or a++ a or a
15 Rules for ++ &  Operators 1. These require variables as their operands 2. When postfix either ++ or is used with the variable in a given expression, the expression is evaluated first and then it is incremented or decremented by one 3. When prefix either ++ or is used with the variable in a given expression, it is incremented or decremented by one first and then the expression is evaluated with the new value
16 Examples for ++ &  operators Let the value of a =5 and b=++a then a = b =6 Let the value of a = 5 and b=a++ then a =6 but b=5 i.e.: 1. a prefix operator first adds 1 to the operand and then the result is assigned to the variable on the left 2. a postfix operator first assigns the value to the variable on left and then increments the operand.
17 Conditional Operators Syntax: exp1? exp2 : exp3 Where exp1,exp2 and exp3 are expressions Working of the? Operator: Exp1 is evaluated first, if it is nonzero(1/true) then the expression2 is evaluated and this becomes the value of the expression, If exp1 is false(0/zero) exp3 is evaluated and its value becomes the value of the expression Ex: m=2; n=3 r=(m>n)? m : n;
18 Bitwise Operators These operators allow manipulation of data at the bit level
19 Arithmetic Expressions ab c a b S= a b 2 c
20 Rules for evaluation of expression 1. First parenthesized sub expression from left to right are evaluated. 2. If parentheses are nested, the evaluation begins with the innermost sub expression 3. The precedence rule is applied in determining the order of application of operators in evaluating sub expressions 4. The associatively rule is applied when 2 or more operators of the same precedence level appear in a sub expression. 5. Arithmetic expressions are evaluated from left to right using the rules of precedence 6. When parentheses are used, the expressions within parentheses assume highest priority
21 Example Evaluate the expression when a=4 b=a ++a =a 5 =55 =0
Department of Computer Science
Department of Computer Science Definition An operator is a symbol (+,,*,/) that directs the computer to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations and is usually used to manipulate data and
More informationData Types and Variables in C language
Data Types and Variables in C language Disclaimer The slides are prepared from various sources. The purpose of the slides is for academic use only Operators in C C supports a rich set of operators. Operators
More informationOperators in java Operator operands.
Operators in java Operator in java is a symbol that is used to perform operations and the objects of operation are referred as operands. There are many types of operators in java such as unary operator,
More informationGO  OPERATORS. This tutorial will explain the arithmetic, relational, logical, bitwise, assignment and other operators one by one.
http://www.tutorialspoint.com/go/go_operators.htm GO  OPERATORS Copyright tutorialspoint.com An operator is a symbol that tells the compiler to perform specific mathematical or logical manipulations.
More informationOperators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur
Operators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur Operators and Expressions 8/24/2012 Dept of CS&E 2 Arithmetic operators Relational operators Logical operators
More informationOperators in C. Staff Incharge: S.Sasirekha
Operators in C Staff Incharge: S.Sasirekha Operators An operator is a symbol which helps the user to command the computer to do a certain mathematical or logical manipulations. Operators are used in C
More informationOperators & Expressions
Operators & Expressions Operator An operator is a symbol used to indicate a specific operation on variables in a program. Example : symbol + is an add operator that adds two data items called operands.
More informationUNIT 3 OPERATORS. [Marks 12]
1 UNIT 3 OPERATORS [Marks 12] SYLLABUS 2 INTRODUCTION C supports a rich set of operators such as +, , *,,
More informationIntroduction. Following are the types of operators: Unary requires a single operand Binary requires two operands Ternary requires three operands
Introduction Operators are the symbols which operates on value or a variable. It tells the compiler to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations. Can be of following categories: Unary requires
More informationOperators. Java operators are classified into three categories:
Operators Operators are symbols that perform arithmetic and logical operations on operands and provide a meaningful result. Operands are data values (variables or constants) which are involved in operations.
More informationUnit2 (Operators) ANAND KR.SRIVASTAVA
Unit2 (Operators) ANAND KR.SRIVASTAVA 1 Operators in C ( use of operators in C ) Operators are the symbol, to perform some operation ( calculation, manipulation). Set of Operations are used in completion
More informationUnit 3. Operators. School of Science and Technology INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION Operators Unit 3 In the previous units (unit 1 and 2) you have learned about the basics of computer programming, different data types, constants, keywords and basic structure of a C program.
More informationJAVA OPERATORS GENERAL
JAVA OPERATORS GENERAL Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationPrepared by: Shraddha Modi
Prepared by: Shraddha Modi Introduction Operator: An operator is a symbol that tells the Computer to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations. Expression: An expression is a sequence of operands
More informationCharacter Set. The character set of C represents alphabet, digit or any symbol used to represent information. Digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 9
Character Set The character set of C represents alphabet, digit or any symbol used to represent information. Types Uppercase Alphabets Lowercase Alphabets Character Set A, B, C, Y, Z a, b, c, y, z Digits
More informationChapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion
101 Chapter 3 Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Chapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Objectives To use basic arithmetic operators. To use increment and decrement operators. To
More informationOperators and Expressions:
Operators and Expressions: Operators and expression using numeric and relational operators, mixed operands, type conversion, logical operators, bit operations, assignment operator, operator precedence
More informationJava provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups:
Basic Operators Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationProf. Navrati Saxena TA: Rochak Sachan
JAVA Prof. Navrati Saxena TA: Rochak Sachan Operators Operator Arithmetic Relational Logical Bitwise 1. Arithmetic Operators are used in mathematical expressions. S.N. 0 Operator Result 1. + Addition 6.
More informationSECTION II: LANGUAGE BASICS
Chapter 5 SECTION II: LANGUAGE BASICS Operators Chapter 04: Basic Fundamentals demonstrated declaring and initializing variables. This chapter depicts how to do something with them, using operators. Operators
More informationBasic operators, Arithmetic, Relational, Bitwise, Logical, Assignment, Conditional operators. JAVA Standard Edition
Basic operators, Arithmetic, Relational, Bitwise, Logical, Assignment, Conditional operators JAVA Standard Edition Java  Basic Operators Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables.
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators. Unary Operators. Relational Operators. Examples of use of ++ and
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Op. Use Description + x + y adds x and y x y
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Examples: Op. Use Description + x + y adds x
More informationA flow chart is a graphical or symbolic representation of a process.
Q1. Define Algorithm with example? Answer: A sequential solution of any program that written in human language, called algorithm. Algorithm is first step of the solution process, after the analysis of
More informationESCI 386 IDL Programming for Advanced Earth Science Applications Lesson 1 IDL Operators
ESCI 386 IDL Programming for Advanced Earth Science Applications Lesson 1 IDL Operators ARITHMATIC OPERATORS The assignment operator in IDL is the equals sign, =. IDL uses all the familiar arithmetic operators
More informationInformatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial
Informatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial Operators and expressions in C Operators and expressions in C Numerical expressions and operators Arithmetical operators Relational and logical
More informationOutline. Performing Computations. Outline (cont) Expressions in C. Some Expression Formats. Types for Operands
Performing Computations C provides operators that can be applied to calculate expressions: tax is 8.5% of the total sale expression: tax = 0.085 * totalsale Need to specify what operations are legal, how
More informationSTACKS. A stack is defined in terms of its behavior. The common operations associated with a stack are as follows:
STACKS A stack is a linear data structure for collection of items, with the restriction that items can be added one at a time and can only be removed in the reverse order in which they were added. The
More informationMaking Science Graphs and Interpreting Data
6 th In Class Worksheet Name Graph Practice Teacher Due Making Science Graphs and Interpreting Data Scientific Graphs: Most scientific graphs are made as line graphs. There may be times when other types
More informationJava provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups:
JAVA OPERATORS GENERAL Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationBy the end of this section you should: Understand what the variables are and why they are used. Use C++ built in data types to create program
1 By the end of this section you should: Understand what the variables are and why they are used. Use C++ built in data types to create program variables. Apply C++ syntax rules to declare variables, initialize
More informationChapter 4: Basic C Operators
Chapter 4: Basic C Operators In this chapter, you will learn about: Arithmetic operators Unary operators Binary operators Assignment operators Equalities and relational operators Logical operators Conditional
More informationInfix to Postfix Conversion
Infix to Postfix Conversion Infix to Postfix Conversion Stacks are widely used in the design and implementation of compilers. For example, they are used to convert arithmetic expressions from infix notation
More informationReview of the C Programming Language for Principles of Operating Systems
Review of the C Programming Language for Principles of Operating Systems Prof. James L. Frankel Harvard University Version of 7:26 PM 4Sep2018 Copyright 2018, 2016, 2015 James L. Frankel. All rights
More informationWEEK 4 OPERATORS, EXPRESSIONS AND STATEMENTS
WEEK 4 OPERATORS, EXPRESSIONS AND STATEMENTS OPERATORS Review: Data values can appear as literals or be stored in variables/constants Data values can be returned by method calls Operators: special symbols
More informationReserved Words and Identifiers
1 Programming in C Reserved Words and Identifiers Reserved word Word that has a specific meaning in C Ex: int, return Identifier Word used to name and refer to a data element or object manipulated by the
More informationSir Muhammad Naveed. Arslan Ahmed Shaad ( ) Muhammad Bilal ( )
Sir Muhammad Naveed Arslan Ahmed Shaad (1163135 ) Muhammad Bilal ( 1163122 ) www.techo786.wordpress.com CHAPTER: 2 NOTES: VARIABLES AND OPERATORS The given Questions can also be attempted as Long Questions.
More informationWill introduce various operators supported by C language Identify supported operations Present some of terms characterizing operators
Operators Overview Will introduce various operators supported by C language Identify supported operations Present some of terms characterizing operators Operands and Operators Mathematical or logical relationships
More informationBasics of Programming
Unit 2 Basics of Programming Problem Analysis When we are going to develop any solution to the problem, we must fully understand the nature of the problem and what we want the program to do. Without the
More informationLesson #3. Variables, Operators, and Expressions. 3. Variables, Operators and Expressions  Copyright Denis Hamelin  Ryerson University
Lesson #3 Variables, Operators, and Expressions Variables We already know the three main types of variables in C: int, char, and double. There is also the float type which is similar to double with only
More informationA complex expression to evaluate we need to reduce it to a series of simple expressions. E.g * 7 =>2+ 35 => 37. E.g.
1.3a Expressions Expressions An Expression is a sequence of operands and operators that reduces to a single value. An operator is a syntactical token that requires an action be taken An operand is an object
More informationFundamentals of Programming CS110. Lecture 3
Fundamentals of Programming CS110 Lecture 3 Operators Operators Operators are words or symbols that cause a program to do something to variables. OPERATOR TYPES: Type Operators Usage Arithmetic +  *
More informationLESSON 1. A C program is constructed as a sequence of characters. Among the characters that can be used in a program are:
LESSON 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF C The purpose of this lesson is to explain the fundamental elements of the C programming language. C like other languages has all alphabet and rules for putting together words
More informationComputer Programming, I. Laboratory Manual. Experiment #2. Elementary Programming
Think Twice Code Once The Islamic University of Gaza Engineering Faculty Department of Computer Engineering Fall 2017 ECOM 2005 Khaleel I. Shaheen Computer Programming, I Laboratory Manual Experiment #2
More informationExpressions and Statementst t. Assignment Operator. C Programming Lecture 6 : Operators. Expression
Expressions and Statementst t Expression C Programming Lecture 6 : Operators Combination of constants,variables,operators, operators and function calls a+b 3.0*x 9.66553 tan(angle) Statement An expression
More informationChapter 4 Expression & Operators
Chapter 4 Expression & Operators 1 Aim To give understanding on: Expression and operator concept math.h and stdlib.h builtin function Objective Students should be able to: understand concepts and fundamentals
More informationWeek 2: Console I/O and Operators Arithmetic Operators. Integer Division. Arithmetic Operators. Gaddis: Chapter 3 (2.14,3.16,3.910,5.
Week 2: Console I/O and Operators Gaddis: Chapter 3 (2.14,3.16,3.910,5.1) CS 1428 Fall 2014 Jill Seaman 1 2.14 Arithmetic Operators An operator is a symbol that tells the computer to perform specific
More informationExpressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2015 Howard Rosenthal
Expressions and Data Types CSC 121 Spring 2015 Howard Rosenthal Lesson Goals Understand the basic constructs of a Java Program Understand how to use basic identifiers Understand simple Java data types
More informationLanguage Reference Manual simplicity
Language Reference Manual simplicity Course: COMS S4115 Professor: Dr. Stephen Edwards TA: Graham Gobieski Date: July 20, 2016 Group members Rui Gu rg2970 Adam Hadar anh2130 Zachary Moffitt znm2104 Suzanna
More informationArithmetic Operators. Portability: Printing Numbers
Arithmetic Operators Normal binary arithmetic operators: +  * / Modulus or remainder operator: % x%y is the remainder when x is divided by y well defined only when x > 0 and y > 0 Unary operators:  +
More informationOperators and Expressions
Operators and Expressions Conversions. Widening and Narrowing Primitive Conversions Widening and Narrowing Reference Conversions Conversions up the type hierarchy are called widening reference conversions
More informationDeclaration and Memory
Declaration and Memory With the declaration int width; the compiler will set aside a 4byte (32bit) block of memory (see right) The compiler has a symbol table, which will have an entry such as Identifier
More informationUNIT 3 Introduction to C++
UNIT 3 Introduction to C++ C++ Character Sets: Letters AZ, az Digits 09 Special Symbols Space +  * / ^ \ ( ) [ ] =!= . $, ; : %! &? _ # = @ White Spaces Blank spaces, horizontal tab, carriage
More informationLecture 3 Operators MIT AITI
Lecture 3 Operators MIT AITI  2004 What are Operators? Operators are special symbols used for mathematical functions assignment statements logical comparisons Examples: 3 + 5 // uses + operator 14 + 5
More informationJava Primer 1: Types, Classes and Operators
Java Primer 1 3/18/14 Presentation for use with the textbook Data Structures and Algorithms in Java, 6th edition, by M. T. Goodrich, R. Tamassia, and M. H. Goldwasser, Wiley, 2014 Java Primer 1: Types,
More informationPESIT Bangalore South Campus Hosur Road (1km before Electronic City), Bengaluru Department of Basic Science and Humanities
SOLUTION OF CONTINUOUS INTERNAL EVALUATION TEST 1 Date : 2702 2018 Marks:60 Subject & Code : Programming in C and Data Structures 17PCD23 Name of faculty : Dr. J Surya Prasad/Mr. Naushad Basha Saudagar
More informationProgramming in C++ 5. Integral data types
Programming in C++ 5. Integral data types! Introduction! Type int! Integer multiplication & division! Increment & decrement operators! Associativity & precedence of operators! Some common operators! Long
More informationComputer Programming CS F111
Computer Programming CS F111 BITS Pilani Dubai Campus NAND KUMAR Basics of C Programming BITS Pilani Dubai Campus Write a program that 1. Asks 5 marks from the user, find the average of the marks and print
More informationReview of the C Programming Language
Review of the C Programming Language Prof. James L. Frankel Harvard University Version of 11:55 AM 22Apr2018 Copyright 2018, 2016, 2015 James L. Frankel. All rights reserved. Reference Manual for the
More informationChapter 7. Additional Control Structures
Chapter 7 Additional Control Structures 1 Chapter 7 Topics Switch Statement for MultiWay Branching DoWhile Statement for Looping For Statement for Looping Using break and continue Statements 2 Chapter
More informationCSCE 110 PROGRAMMING FUNDAMENTALS
CSCE 110 PROGRAMMING FUNDAMENTALS WITH C++ Prof. Amr Goneid AUC Part 2. Overview of C++ Prof. Amr Goneid, AUC 1 Overview of C++ Prof. Amr Goneid, AUC 2 Overview of C++ Historical C++ Basics Some Library
More informationLecture 3. More About C
Copyright 1996 David R. Hanson Computer Science 126, Fall 1996 31 Lecture 3. More About C Programming languages have their lingo Programming language Types are categories of values int, float, char Constants
More informationModule 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1
Module 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1 Topics 1. Expressions 2. Operator precedence 3. Shorthand operators 4. Data/Type Conversion 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 2 Expressions
More informationCprE 288 Introduction to Embedded Systems Exam 1 Review. 1
CprE 288 Introduction to Embedded Systems Exam 1 Review http://class.ece.iastate.edu/cpre288 1 Overview of Today s Lecture Announcements Exam 1 Review http://class.ece.iastate.edu/cpre288 2 Announcements
More informationAssignment: 1. (Unit1 Flowchart and Algorithm)
Assignment: 1 (Unit1 Flowchart and Algorithm) 1. Explain: Flowchart with its symbols. 2. Explain: Types of flowchart with example. 3. Explain: Algorithm with example. 4. Draw a flowchart to find the area
More informationJava enum, casts, and others (Select portions of Chapters 4 & 5)
Enum or enumerates types Java enum, casts, and others (Select portions of Chapters 4 & 5) Sharma Chakravarthy Information Technology Laboratory (IT Lab) Computer Science and Engineering Department The
More informationWriting Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops)
Writing Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops) Jan Faigl Department of Computer Science Faculty of Electrical Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague
More informationPart I Part 1 Expressions
Writing Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops) Jan Faigl Department of Computer Science Faculty of Electrical Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague
More informationData types, variables, constants
Data types, variables, constants Outline 2.1 Introduction 2.2 A Simple C Program: Printing a Line of Text 2.3 Another Simple C Program: Adding Two Integers 2.4 Memory Concepts 2.5 Arithmetic in C 2.6 Decision
More informationExpressions and Precedence. Last updated 12/10/18
Expressions and Precedence Last updated 12/10/18 Expression: Sequence of Operators and Operands that reduce to a single value Simple and Complex Expressions Subject to Precedence and Associativity Six
More informationProgramming. Elementary Concepts
Programming Elementary Concepts Summary } C Language Basic Concepts } Comments, Preprocessor, Main } Key Definitions } Datatypes } Variables } Constants } Operators } Conditional expressions } Type conversions
More informationOperators And Expressions
Operators And Expressions Operators Arithmetic Operators Relational and Logical Operators Special Operators Arithmetic Operators Operator Action Subtraction, also unary minus + Addition * Multiplication
More informationChapter 2 Working with Data Types and Operators
JavaScript, Fourth Edition 21 Chapter 2 Working with Data Types and Operators At a Glance Instructor s Manual Table of Contents Overview Objectives Teaching Tips Quick Quizzes Class Discussion Topics
More informationJava provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following g roups:
JAVA BASIC OPERATORS http://www.tuto rialspo int.co m/java/java_basic_o perato rs.htm Copyrig ht tutorialspoint.com Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the
More information3. EXPRESSIONS. It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value.
3. EXPRESSIONS It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value. Operator : It is a symbolic token that represents an action to be taken. Ex: * is an multiplication operator. Operand:
More informationLECTURE 17. Expressions and Assignment
LECTURE 17 Expressions and Assignment EXPRESSION SYNTAX An expression consists of An atomic object, e.g. number or variable. An operator (or function) applied to a collection of operands (or arguments)
More informationCS313D: ADVANCED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
CS313D: ADVANCED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE Computer Science department Lecture 2 : C# Language Basics Lecture Contents 2 The C# language First program Variables and constants Input/output Expressions and casting
More informationMore Programming Constructs  Introduction
More Programming Constructs  Introduction We can now examine some additional programming concepts and constructs Chapter 5 focuses on: internal data representation conversions between one data type and
More informationPESIT Bangalore South Campus Hosur road, 1km before Electronic City, Bengaluru 100 Department of Basic Science and Humanities
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT TEST 1 SOLUTION PART 1 1 a Define algorithm. Write an algorithm to find sum and average of three numbers. 4 An Algorithm is a step by step procedure to solve a given problem in finite
More informationProgramming with Java
Programming with Java Data Types & Input Statement Lecture 04 First stage Software Engineering Dep. Saman M. Omer 20172018 Objectives q By the end of this lecture you should be able to : ü Know rules
More informationYacoub Sabatin Muntaser Abulafi Omar Qaraeen. Introduction
Introduction to Computer Engineering 0702111 2. Expressions Yacoub Sabatin Muntaser Abulafi Omar Qaraeen 1 Introduction A typical programming scenario: Read input data using scanf function, Perform some
More informationExpressions and Data Types CSC 121 Fall 2015 Howard Rosenthal
Expressions and Data Types CSC 121 Fall 2015 Howard Rosenthal Lesson Goals Understand the basic constructs of a Java Program Understand how to use basic identifiers Understand simple Java data types and
More informationData and Variables. Data Types Expressions. String Concatenation Variables Declaration Assignment Shorthand operators. Operators Precedence
Data and Variables Data Types Expressions Operators Precedence String Concatenation Variables Declaration Assignment Shorthand operators Review class All code in a java file is written in a class public
More informationData Structures & Algorithm Analysis. Lecturer: Souad Alonazi
Data Structures & Algorithm Analysis Lec(3) Stacks Lecturer: Souad Alonazi What is a stack? Stores a set of elements in a particular order Stack principle: LAST IN FIRST OUT = LIFO It means: the last element
More informationCSC 1214: ObjectOriented Programming
CSC 1214: ObjectOriented Programming J. Kizito Makerere University email: jkizito@cis.mak.ac.ug www: http://serval.ug/~jona materials: http://serval.ug/~jona/materials/csc1214 elearning environment:
More informationTest 1. CSC 121 Lecture Lecturer: Howard Rosenthal. March 4, 2014
1 Test 1. CSC 121 Lecture 21199 Lecturer: Howard Rosenthal March 4, 2014 Your Name: KEY The following questions (or parts of questions) in numbers 116 are all worth 2 points each. 1. Fill in the following
More informationME 461 C review Session Fall 2009 S. Keres
ME 461 C review Session Fall 2009 S. Keres DISCLAIMER: These notes are in no way intended to be a complete reference for the C programming material you will need for the class. They are intended to help
More informationFull file at
Java Programming: From Problem Analysis to Program Design, 3 rd Edition 21 Chapter 2 Basic Elements of Java At a Glance Instructor s Manual Table of Contents Overview Objectives s Quick Quizzes Class
More informationExpressions. Arithmetic expressions. Logical expressions. Assignment expression. n Variables and constants linked with operators
Expressions 1 Expressions n Variables and constants linked with operators Arithmetic expressions n Uses arithmetic operators n Can evaluate to any value Logical expressions n Uses relational and logical
More informationInformation Science 1
Information Science 1 Simple Calcula,ons Week 09 College of Information Science and Engineering Ritsumeikan University Topics covered l Terms and concepts from Week 8 l Simple calculations Documenting
More informationBASIC ELEMENTS OF A COMPUTER PROGRAM
BASIC ELEMENTS OF A COMPUTER PROGRAM CSC128 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER PROBLEM SOLVING LOGO Contents 1 Identifier 2 3 Rules for naming and declaring data variables Basic data types 4 Arithmetic operators
More informationIntroduction. Problem Solving on Computer. Data Structures (collection of data and relationships) Algorithms
Introduction Problem Solving on Computer Data Structures (collection of data and relationships) Algorithms 1 Objective of Data Structures Two Goals: 1) Identify and develop useful highlevel data types
More informationC Programming Language (Chapter 2 of K&R) Variables and Constants
C Programming Language (Chapter 2 of K&R) Types, Operators and Expressions Variables and Constants Basic objects manipulated by programs Declare before use: type var1, var2, int x, y, _X, x11, buffer;
More informationFundamental Data Types. CSE 130: Introduction to Programming in C Stony Brook University
Fundamental Data Types CSE 130: Introduction to Programming in C Stony Brook University Program Organization in C The C System C consists of several parts: The C language The preprocessor The compiler
More informationInternet & World Wide Web How to Program, 5/e by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Internet & World Wide Web How to Program, 5/e Sequential execution Execute statements in the order they appear in the code Transfer of control Changing the order in which statements execute All scripts
More informationCHW 469 : Embedded Systems
CHW 469 : Instructor: Dr. Ahmed Shalaby http://bu.edu.eg/staff/ahmedshalaby14# https://piazza.com/fci.bu.edu.eg/spring2017/chw469/home Assignment no. 3 kindly read the following paper [Software Engineering
More informationAdvantages of writing algorithm
Advantages of writing algorithm Effective communication: Algorithm is written using English like language,algorithm is better way of communicating the logic to the concerned people Effective Analysis:
More informationOperators. Java Primer Operators1 Scott MacKenzie = 2. (b) (a)
Operators Representing and storing primitive data types is, of course, essential for any computer language. But, so, too, is the ability to perform operations on data. Java supports a comprehensive set
More informationChapter 4: Expressions. Chapter 4. Expressions. Copyright 2008 W. W. Norton & Company. All rights reserved.
Chapter 4: Expressions Chapter 4 Expressions 1 Chapter 4: Expressions Operators Expressions are built from variables, constants, and operators. C has a rich collection of operators, including arithmetic
More informationLecture 02 C FUNDAMENTALS
Lecture 02 C FUNDAMENTALS 1 Keywords C Fundamentals auto double int struct break else long switch case enum register typedef char extern return union const float short unsigned continue for signed void
More information