Chapter 2: Using Data

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1 Chapter 2: Using Data TRUE/FALSE 1. A variable can hold more than one value at a time. F PTS: 1 REF: The legal integer values are through These are the highest and lowest values that you can store in four bytes of memory, which is the size of an int variable. T PTS: 1 REF: Multiplication, division, and remainder always take place after addition or subtraction in an expression. F PTS: 1 REF: The term parse means to break into component parts. T PTS: 1 REF: You can create a confirm dialog box with five arguments. T PTS: 1 REF: Once a variable has been declared and initialized, new values may not be assigned to the variable. F PTS: 1 REF: The expression boolean istenlarger = (10 < 5) will produce a value of true. F PTS: 1 REF: Even if a statement occupies multiple lines, the statement is not complete until the semicolon is reached. T PTS: 1 REF: You are limited to declaring a maximum of three variables in a single statement. F PTS: 1 REF: Constants hold a single value for the duration of the program execution. T PTS: 1 REF: 58 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A data item is when it cannot be changed while a program is running. a. variable c. primitive

2 b. constant d. literal B PTS: 1 REF: A is a named memory location that you can use to store a value. a. cast c. reference b. variable d. primitive B PTS: 1 REF: Primitive types serve as the building blocks for more complex data types, called types. a. integer c. reference b. literal d. data C PTS: 1 REF: refers to the order in which values are used with operators. a. Associativity c. Declaration b. Initialization d. Floating A PTS: 1 REF: In Java, you use variables of type to store integers, or whole numbers. a. num c. var b. double d. int D PTS: 1 REF: A(n) variable can hold only one of two values: true or false. a. integer c. true b. boolean d. comparison B PTS: 1 REF: The term refers to the mathematical accuracy of a value. a. float data c. significant digits b. real integers d. single-precision floating-point number C PTS: 1 REF: A data type can hold 14 or 15 significant digits of accuracy. a. double c. char b. float d. boolean A PTS: 1 REF: You use the data type to hold any single character. a. single c. byte b. char d. float B PTS: 1 REF: In Java, is a built-in class that provides you with the means for storing and manipulating character strings. a. Escape c. String b. Type d. Character

3 C PTS: 1 REF: You can store any character, including nonprinting characters such as a backspace or a tab, in a(n) variable. a. int c. boolean b. char d. set B PTS: 1 REF: The characters move the cursor to the next line when used within a println() statement. a. /n c..+ b. \n d. \$ B PTS: 1 REF: In Java, when a numeric variable is concatenated to a String using the, the entire expression becomes a String. a. plus sign c. concatenate statement b. equal sign d. string statement A PTS: 1 REF: You use operators to perform calculations with values in your programs. a. calculation c. integer b. arithmetic d. precedence B PTS: 1 REF: occurs when both of the operands are integers. a. Data modeling c. Integer division b. Type cast d. Unlike assignment C PTS: 1 REF: The percent sign is the operator. a. remainder c. percentage b. remaining d. integer division A PTS: 1 REF: What is the value of result after the following statement is executed? int result = * 4; a. 9 c. 14 b. 10 d. 20 C PTS: 1 REF: The is the type to which all operands in an expression are converted so that they are compatible with each other. a. unifying type c. numbered b. data type d. primitive A PTS: 1 REF: A(n) dialog box asks a question and provides a text field in which the user can enter a response. a. question c. confirm

4 b. JOptPane d. input D PTS: 1 REF: Each primitive type in Java has a corresponding class contained in the java.lang package. These classes are called classes. a. case c. type-wrapper b. primitive d. show C PTS: 1 REF: A(n) dialog box displays the options Yes, No, and Cancel. a. confirm c. message b. input d. answer A PTS: 1 REF: Which of the following is NOT a component of a variable declaration statement? a. data type identifier c. variable name b. symbolic constant d. ending semicolon B PTS: 1 REF: You may declare an unlimited number of variables in a statement as long as the variables are. a. the same data type c. properly commented b. initialized to the same value d. floating point numbers A PTS: 1 REF: When a numeric variable is concatenated to a String, the entire expression becomes a(n). a. int c. method b. constant d. String D PTS: 1 REF: Which escape sequence will move the cursor to the beginning of the current line? a. \b c. \\ b. \r d. \n B PTS: 1 REF: 73 COMPLETION 1. A(n) is a simple data type. primitive type PTS: 1 REF: A(n) operator compares two items and the result has a Boolean value. relational comparison

5 PTS: 1 REF: A(n) number contains decimal positions. floating-point float double PTS: 1 REF: forces a value of one data type to be used as a value of another type. Type casting type casting Casting casting PTS: 1 REF: When you write programs that accept, there is a risk that the user will enter the wrong type of data. user input PTS: 1 REF: 81 MATCHING Match each term with the correct statement below. a. operand f. primitive b. cast operator g. float c. assignment h. boolean d. operator precedence i. escape sequence e. garbage 1. true or false 2. The operator that is represented by an equal sign (=) 3. A programming term for an unknown value 4. Java consistently specifies their size and format 5. A value that can be used on either side of an operator 6. Rules for the order in which parts of a mathematical expression are evaluated 7. A floating-point data type 8. Created by placing the desired result type in parentheses 9. Begins with a backslash followed by a character 1. H PTS: 1 REF: C PTS: 1 REF: E PTS: 1 REF: F PTS: 1 REF: A PTS: 1 REF: 91

6 6. D PTS: 1 REF: G PTS: 1 REF: B PTS: 1 REF: I PTS: 1 REF: 73 SHORT ANSWER 1. A variable declaration is a statement that reserves a named memory location. It includes what four elements? A data type that identifies the type of data that the variable will store An identifier that is the variable s name An optional assignment operator and assigned value, if you want a variable to contain an initial value An ending semicolon PTS: 1 REF: Describe the variation types byte, short, and long of the integer type. The types byte, short, and long are all variations of the integer type. The byte and short types occupy less memory and can hold only smaller values; the long type occupies more memory and can hold larger values. PTS: 1 REF: Describe how to assign values based on the result of comparisons to Boolean variables. Java supports six relational operators that are used to make comparisons. A relational operator compares two items; an expression that contains a relational operator has a Boolean value. When you use any of the operators that have two symbols (==, <=, >=, or!=), you cannot place any whitespace between the two symbols. You also cannot reverse the order of the symbols. That is, =<, =>, and =! are all invalid operators. PTS: 1 REF: What is the difference between the float data type and the double data type? Java supports two floating-point data types: float and double. A float data type can hold floating-point values of up to six or seven significant digits of accuracy. A double data type requires more memory than a float, and can hold 14 or 15 significant digits of accuracy. The term significant digits refers to the mathematical accuracy of a value. For example, a float given the value displays as because the value is accurate only to the sixth decimal position. PTS: 1 REF: What is an escape sequence and why would a Java programmer use it to store a character?

7 You can store any character including nonprinting characters such as a backspace or a tab in a char variable. To store these characters, you can use an escape sequence, which always begins with a backslash followed by a character the pair represents a single character. PTS: 1 REF: Describe and give an example of operator precedence. Operator precedence refers to the rules for the order in which parts of a mathematical expression are evaluated. The multiplication, division, and remainder operators have the same precedence. Their precedence is higher than that for the addition and subtraction operators. Addition and subtraction have the same precedence. In other words, multiplication, division, and remainder always take place from left to right prior to addition or subtraction in an expression. For example, the following statement assigns 14 to result: int result = * 4;. PTS: 1 REF: In Java, how is it possible to perform mathematical operations on operands with unlike types? When you perform arithmetic operations with operands of unlike types, Java chooses a unifying type for the result. The unifying type is the type to which all operands in an expression are converted so that they are compatible with each other. Java performs an implicit conversion; that is, it automatically converts nonconforming operands to the unifying type. PTS: 1 REF: Explain how you can override a unifying type imposed by Java. You can explicitly (or purposely) override the unifying type imposed by Java by performing a type cast. Type casting forces a value of one data type to be used as a value of another type. To perform a type cast, you use a cast operator, which is created by placing the desired result type in parentheses. Using a cast operator is an explicit conversion. The cast operator is followed by the variable or constant to be cast. PTS: 1 REF: How can you create and use an input dialog box in Java? You can create an input dialog box using the showinputdialog() method. Six overloaded versions of this method are available, but the simplest version uses a single argument that is the prompt you want to display within the dialog box. The showinputdialog() method returns a String that represents a user s response; this means that you can assign the showinputdialog() method to a String variable and the variable will hold the value that the user enters. PTS: 1 REF: How would you ask the user to confirm an action using a dialog box?

8 A confirm dialog box displays the options Yes, No, and Cancel; you can create one using the showconfirmdialog() method in the JOptionPane class. Four overloaded versions of the method are available; the simplest requires a parent component (which can be null) and the String prompt that is displayed in the box. The showconfirmdialog() method returns an integer containing one of three possible values: JOptionPane.YES_OPTION, JOptionPane.NO_OPTION, or JOptionPane.CANCEL_OPTION. PTS: 1 REF: Describe how the use of named constants can provide advantages over the use of literal values. Using named constants makes programs easier to read and understand. When a constant is defined, you can change the constant at one location, which saves time and prevents you from missing other references. Using named constants reduces typographical errors that may not be recognized by the compiler. Constants can be easily identified when named conventionally (all caps). PTS: 1 REF: Describe why it is important to assign an appropriate data type to variables in an application. If a value is too large for the data type assigned, the compiler will issue an error message and the program will not execute. If a data type is used that is larger than needed, memory is wasted. PTS: 1 REF: Describe how the Scanner class works with the System.in object in order to provide flexibility. The System.in object is designed to read bytes only. Since it is common to accept data of other types, the Scanner object can connect to the System.in property. This creates a Scanner object that will be connected to the default input device. PTS: 1 REF: = salesamount; In terms of assignment operators, why is the above statement illegal? This assignment operator has a right-to-left associativity. Associativity is the order in which values are used with operators. Since 100 is a numeric constant, it is an rvalue, which is an item that can appear only on the right side of the assignment operator. An identifier that can appear on the left side of an assignment operator is referred to as an lvalue (left-to-right associativity). PTS: 1 REF: Describe three ways in which a constant differs from a variable.

9 Constants are preceded by the keyword final in a declaration statement. Constants can be assigned a value once only and the value cannot be changed. Constants conventionally have identifiers in all uppercase letters, distinguishing them from other forms. PTS: 1 REF: 54 CASE 1. Write the statement to declare an uninitialized integer value for salesamt. int salesamt; The statement must end with a semicolon. PTS: 1 REF: Write the statement that will declare and assign two integer variables, salesamt and costamt, in a single statement. Assign values of your choice to the variables. int salesamt = 100, costamt = 15; A semicolon must end the statement. Variable declarations are separated with a comma. PTS: 1 REF: import javax.swing.joptionpane; public class salesjune public static void main(string[] args) int storesales = 250; In the above code, complete the statement that will display a message dialog box that will appear centered on the screen and will display the following text: Congratulations! June sales were \$250! JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Congratulations! June sales were \$" + storesales + "!"; PTS: 1 REF: final int COSTPERITEM = 10; double sales2012 = amtsold * COSTPERITEM;

10 In the above statements, identify the named constant and describe how a programmer can recognize named constants. The named constant identifier is COSTPERITEM. Constant declaration statements use the final keyword. Constants are conventionally given identifiers in all uppercase letters. PTS: 1 REF: Write the statement that will declare a char data type named testscore that will hold a letter grade of your choice. char testscore = A ; Letter assigned may vary. PTS: 1 REF: public class YourGrade public static void main(string[] args) int projectpoints = 89; System.out.print("Your grade for this class is "); System.out.print(projectPoints); System.out.println("%"); Given the above code, what will be the output at the command prompt? Output will be as follows: Your grade for this class is 89% A blank line will follow the output. PTS: 1 REF: Describe the error message that will be produced when the following code is compiled. public class SalesOct public static void main(string[] args) int salesamt; System.out.print("October sales are \$"); System.out.println(salesAmt);

11 The second println statement will generate an error message because the variable used in the statement is undeclared. It is legal to declare an uninitialized variable, but it cannot be used in a println() statement uninitialized. If you assign a numeric value to int salesamt, the program will compile. PTS: 1 REF: public class EndValue public static void main(string[] args) int abyte = 940; System.out.print("The ending value is "+ abyte); When the above code is compiled, what error message will be generated and why? The above code will result in the error message possible loss of precision. The assigned value of 940 to the abyte variable is larger than the maximum value allowed. A byte type can hold a value between -128 and 127. Thus, the accuracy of the number has been compromised. PTS: 1 REF: Why is the following relational operator expression invalid? How could you rewrite the statement so that it is valid? boolean isgradepassing = (grade => 70); In this statement, the order of the operator symbols is reversed. It is illegal to use =<, =>, and =!. The statement could be modified as follows: boolean isgradepassing = (grade >= 70); PTS: 1 REF: char acharacter = 2; int anumber = '2'; In the above statements, what values will be output after a println() statement is executed? Why are the output results different for the two statements? acharacter will output a blank. anumber will output a value of 50. Unicode values are used to assign a unique numeric code. Every computer stores each character it uses as a number and each character is assigned a unique Unicode numeric value.

12 PTS: 1 REF: How could you alter the following statement to display Welcome on one line and back on another line? System.out.println("Welcome back"); There are two possible options: System.out.println("Welcome\nback"); and System.out.println("Welcome"); System.out.println("back"); PTS: 1 REF: 73-74

Chapter 02: Using Data

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Chapter 2: Using Data

Chapter 2: Using Data TRUE/FALSE 1. A variable can hold more than one value at a time. F PTS: 1 REF: 52 2. The legal integer values are -2 31 through 2 31-1. These are the highest and lowest values that

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