# Improving Performance in Ad hoc Networks through Location based Multi Hop Forwarding

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

3 In Selecting Next Node Transmission step, for multi-hop path the intermediate neighbouring nodes are selected for reliable and less overload data transmission. 3.1 Next-Hop Node Forwarding A wireless network is considered with a random deployment of nodes, with data transferring between source p and destination q as in Fig. 1. Let the distance between the source and the destination be pq x and the transmission radius be tr. When pq x distance is less than or equal to tr distance, data are transmitted through Direct Data Transmission DDT. In DDT, data delivery to q can be directly completed and the data packets are directly transmitted to destination without any intermediate node. If pq x is greater than tr, which means q is outside the transmission range of p, therefore data are transmitted through to q through multiple hops by Next Node Transmission NNT. In NNT, data are transmitted to the next hop node that is in the transmission location of destination. If there is no next hop node in the direction of destination in the forwarding area, p performs NT. In NT p does not forward the data but discards it after a predefined time. The next-hop node for forwarding data is explained as in equation (1). DDT ; if pqx tr NNT ; if pqx tr NT ; if no forwarder (1) The random variable corresponding to the probability of successful delivery is denoted by P. Let M be the random variable corresponding to the probability of successful delivery under the condition that pq x >tr. If the condition pq x >tr is satisfied Z becomes one as in the following expression (2). 1, if pqx tr P (2) M, if pqx tr 3.2 Selecting Next Node Transmission In this paper, selection of next node for transmission is discussed because this problem is almost difficult. As the proposed method forwards a data in broadcast transmission, no transmission control is employed so data can be distributed in all directions by every neighbouring node. This would lead to the consumption of unnecessary wireless resources, and the communication quality of the entire network would degrade. Therefore, to minimize the unnecessary consumption of wireless resources, each node must generate a forwarders list based on destination location information. The process of generating a forwarders list for the source node is explained here. The source can receive the location information of the destination only if it receives an acknowledgement packet from the destination. In this step, only the next neighbouring nodes information is inserted in the forwarders list and but also it is updated periodically in a hop-by-hop fashion because it is difficult to maintain a static route from the source to the destination. The forwarder list size depends on the number of intermediate nodes in the transmission path. To make a communication with destination, the source must first obtain the location information of the destination. In this paper, it is assumed that the source obtains the location information of the destination by broadcasting AODV message. After obtaining the location information of the destination (qx, qy), the source calculates the distance to the destination (pq x ) by equation (3), where, 2226

4 Successful Delivery Probability Single hop packet progress (m) International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) (sx, sy) indicates the location information of the source node 2 2 pqx px qx py qy (3) In order to make a forwarders list, the source also calculates the distances between each one-hop neighbouring node. Each intermediate node in the transmission path also uses the same method to select its next forwarder towards destination. The node with lesser distance is chosen as the next intermediate forwarder and the identified node is updated in the forwarders list. Thus, this process provides the direction in order to deliver packets to the destination. In this way, data reach the destination. If more neighbouring nodes are selected, this will increases the network load, but the proposed method restrict the number of neighbouring nodes. 4. Performance Evaluation This section explains the performance of the proposed method in an ad hoc network through simulation experiments using ns-2. It demonstrates the basic communication performance of the proposed Location based Multi Hop Forwarding method and Contention based Geographic Forwarding technique [16]. Section 4.1 explains the performance for average number the neighbours against and methods. Section 4.2 describes the performance of number of packets forwards and number of packets reaching the destination against speed. 4.1 Impact on Average number of neighbours Average number of neighbors (a) Fig. 2 Simulation results a) Successful Delivery Probability b) Single hop packet progress Average numberof neighbors (b) In the first and the second set of experiments, average number of neighbours is compared against successful delivery probability and single hop packet progress. Fig. 2(a) shows the average successful delivery probability obtained by simulations. As the number of average neighbours increases, the successful delivery probability also increases. From the figure it is observed that the successful delivery probability is higher for the proposed method when compared to method. Fig. 2(b) shows the average number of neighbours and the average single-hop progress obtained by simulations. The main reason is that the last-hop progress, where a packet is directly delivered to a destination, is often less than the progress in the previous hops, where a packet is greedily forwarded. As the number of average neighbours increases, the single hop packet progress also increases. 4.2 Impact on Number of Packets Transmitted 2227

5 Number of forwarding packets Number of packets reaching destination International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) Speed (m/s) (a) Speed (m/s) (b) Fig. 3 Simulation results a) Number of forwarding packets b) Number of packets reaching destination The third and fourth set of experiments shows how the source node s movement speed affects the communication performance of the proposed method. It is compared against number of packets forwarded and number of packets reaching destination. Fig. 3(a) shows the simulation results obtained against the number of packets forwarded and the source movement speed. As the speed increases, the number of packets forwarded also increases. From the figure, it is observed that packets forwarded count is higher for the proposed method when compared to method. Fig. 3(b) shows the simulation results obtained against the number of packets reaching the destination and the source movement speed. As the number of speed increases, the number of packets reaching the destination also increases. 5. Conclusion In this paper, a location based route discovery method based on the multi hop distance information is studied in an ad hoc network. To enhance reliable communication, the proposed method first employs next hop node forwarding to identify whether to transmit directly or through multiple hops. In addition, the proposed method uses the location information and the transmission probability of its own intermediate nodes to efficiently deliver packets to the destination. In this method, all the intermediate nodes update itself with the latest location information periodically and update in the forwarders list. Thus, the proposed method can deliver data without having to share the communication quality of each node over the entire network. The communication performance is also simulated through four sets of experiments. The results of these experiments revealed that the proposed method provides better performance and also achieve efficient delivery with low network overload load when the movement speed is relatively slow. Reference 1. S. Basagni, M. Conti, S. Giordano, and I. Stojmenovic, Eds., Mobile Ad Hoc Networking. New York: Wiley, Jul J. M. Kahn, R. H. Katz, and K. S. J. Pister, Next century challenges: mobile networking for smart dust, in Proc. Int. Conf. Mobile Comput. Netw., 1999, pp G. Giordano, Mobile ad hoc networks, in Handbook of Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing, I. Stojmenovic, Ed. New York: Wiley, 22, pp G. J. Pottie and W. J. Kaiser, Wireless integrated network sensors, ACM Commun., vol. 43, no. 5, pp , S. Biswas and R.Morris, ExOR: opportunistic multi-hop routing for wireless networks, SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, vol. 35, no. 4, pp ,

6 6. R. Castaneda and S. Das, Query Localization Techniques for On- Demand Routing Protocols in Ad Hoc Networks, Proc. ACM/IEEE MOBICOM Conf., pp , E. Gafni and D. Bertsekas, Distributed Algorithms for Generating Loop-Free Routes in Networks with Frequently Changing Topology, IEEE Trans. Comm., vol. 29, no. 1, pp , Jan L. Quin and T. Kunz, On-demand rounting in MANETs: the impact of a realistic physical layer model, in Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. ADHOC- NOW, 23, pp D. De Couto, D. Aguayo, J. Bicket, and R. Morris, A high-throughput path metric for multihop wireless routing, ACM Mobi.Com, San Diego, CA, C. E. Perkins, E. M. Belding- Royer, and S. R. Das, Ad hoc On- Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing, IETF RFC3561, D. B. Johnson, D. A. Maltz, andy.c.hu, The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) formobileadhocnetworks for IPv4, IETF RFC4728, T. H. Clausen and P. Jacquet, Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR), IETF RFC3626, A. Boukerche, B. Turgut, N. Aydin, M. Z. Ahmad, L. Boloni, and D. Turgut, Routingprotocols in adhocnetworks: a survey, Computer Networks, vol. 55, no. 13, pp , J. Hightower and G. Borriello, Location systems for ubiquitous computing, IEEE Computer (August 21) I. Stojmenovic, Location updates for efficient routing in ad hoc networks, in: Handbook of Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing, ed. I. Stojmenovic (Wiley, New York, 22) pp Dazhi Chen, Jing Deng, and Pramod K. Varshney, Selection of a Forwarding Area for Contention- Based Geographic Forwarding in Wireless Multi-Hop Networks, IEEE Transactions on vehicular technology, vol. 56, no. 5,

### A COMPARISON OF REACTIVE ROUTING PROTOCOLS DSR, AODV AND TORA IN MANET

ISSN: 2278 1323 All Rights Reserved 2016 IJARCET 296 A COMPARISON OF REACTIVE ROUTING PROTOCOLS DSR, AODV AND TORA IN MANET Dr. R. Shanmugavadivu 1, B. Chitra 2 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Computer

### Shortcut Tree Routing using Neighbor Table in ZigBee Wireless Networks

Shortcut Tree Routing using Neighbor Table in ZigBee Wireless Networks Salmu K.P 1, Chinchu James 2 1,2 Department of Computer Science, IIET, Nellikuzhi Abstract- ZigBee is a worldwide standard for wireless

### DYNAMIC SEARCH TECHNIQUE USED FOR IMPROVING PASSIVE SOURCE ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MANET

DYNAMIC SEARCH TECHNIQUE USED FOR IMPROVING PASSIVE SOURCE ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MANET S. J. Sultanuddin 1 and Mohammed Ali Hussain 2 1 Department of Computer Science Engineering, Sathyabama University,

### Zone-based Proactive Source Routing Protocol for Ad-hoc Networks

2014 IJSRSET Volume i Issue i Print ISSN : 2395-1990 Online ISSN : 2394-4099 Themed Section: Science Zone-based Proactive Source Routing Protocol for Ad-hoc Networks Dr.Sangheethaa.S 1, Dr. Arun Korath

### Dynamic Search Technique Used for Improving Passive Source Routing Protocol in Manet

African Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 9 (1): 27-32, 2017 ISSN 2079-2034 IDOSI Publications, 2017 DOI: 10.5829/idosi.ajbas.2017.27.32 Dynamic Search Technique Used for Improving Passive Source Routing

### Probabilistic Mechanism to Avoid Broadcast Storm Problem in MANETS

, pp.479-486 http://dx.doi.org/1.14257/astl.217.147.67 Probabilistic Mechanism to Avoid Broadcast Storm Problem in MANETS G Parimala 1, B Suvarna 2, N Rajeswari 3 and Venkatesulu Dondeti 4 VFSTR University,

### Throughput Analysis of Many to One Multihop Wireless Mesh Ad hoc Network

Throughput Analysis of Many to One Multihop Wireless Mesh Ad hoc Network Dr.S.Senthil Kumar,Assistant Professor, Dept of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Salem,India

### Investigation on OLSR Routing Protocol Efficiency

Investigation on OLSR Routing Protocol Efficiency JIRI HOSEK 1, KAROL MOLNAR 2 Department of Telecommunications Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology Purkynova

### Estimate the Routing Protocols for Internet of Things

Estimate the Routing Protocols for Internet of Things 1 Manjushree G, 2 Jayanthi M.G 1,2 Dept. of Computer Network and Engineering Cambridge Institute of Technology Bangalore, India Abstract Internet of

### COMPARATIVE STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF AODTPRR WITH DSR, DSDV AND AODV FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK

International Journal of Information Technology and Knowledge Management July-December 2011, Volume 4, No. 2, pp. 531-538 COMPARATIVE STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF AODTPRR WITH DSR, DSDV AND AODV FOR MOBILE AD

### An Extensive Simulation Analysis of AODV Protocol with IEEE MAC for Chain Topology in MANET

An Extensive Simulation Analysis of AODV Protocol with IEEE 802.11 MAC for Chain Topology in MANET V.K.Taksande 1, Dr.K.D.Kulat 2 1 Department of Electronics & Communication, Nagpur University Priyadarshini

### PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF DSR USING A NOVEL APPROACH

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF DSR USING A NOVEL APPROACH 1. Prof.S.P. Setti 2. Narasimha Raju K 3. Naresh Kumar K CS&SE Dept., CS&SE Dept., CS&SE Dept., AU College of Engineering, AU College of Engineering,

### REVIEW ON ROUTING PROTOCOLS FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

REVIEW ON ROUTING PROTOCOLS FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS G. Poornima 1, Mr. M. Rajasenathipathi 2, 1 Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, NGM College, Pollachi 2 Assistant Professor, Department

### A SURVEY OF ROUTING PROTOCOLS IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

Journal homepage: www.mjret.in ISSN:2348-6953 A SURVEY OF ROUTING PROTOCOLS IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS Ms. Amruta Kodole 1, Prof. P. M. Agarkar 2 Computer Engineering Dr. D. Y. Patil School Of Engineering

### Performance Analysis of Three Routing Protocols for Varying MANET Size

Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 8 Vol II IMECS 8, 9- March, 8, Hong Kong Performance Analysis of Three Routing Protocols for Varying MANET Size N Vetrivelan,

### Performance Analysis of Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols for QOS in MANET through OLSR & AODV

MIT International Journal of Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, August 2013, pp. 57 61 57 Performance Analysis of Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols for QOS in MANET through

### PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MANETS

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MANETS AMANDEEP University College of Engineering, Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab, India amandeep8848@gmail.com GURMEET KAUR University College of Engineering,

### QoS Routing By Ad-Hoc on Demand Vector Routing Protocol for MANET

2011 International Conference on Information and Network Technology IPCSIT vol.4 (2011) (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore QoS Routing By Ad-Hoc on Demand Vector Routing Protocol for MANET Ashwini V. Biradar

### Performance Comparison of MANETs Routing Protocols for Dense and Sparse Topology

2012 International Conference on Information and Computer Networks (ICICN 2012) IPCSIT vol. 27 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore Performance Comparison of MANETs Routing Protocols for Dense and Sparse

### Qos Parameters Estimation in MANET Using Position Based Opportunistic Routing Protocol

Original Article Qos Parameters Estimation in MANET Using Position Based Opportunistic Routing Protocol P. Kalaivani* 1, G. Sathya 1 and N. Senthilnathan 2 1 Assistant Professor, SNS College of Engineering,

### INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY A PATH FOR HORIZING YOUR INNOVATIVE WORK COMPARISON OF MANET REACTIVE ROUTING PROTOCOLS USING OPNET SIMULATOR SANGEETA MONGA

### A Highly Effective and Efficient Route Discovery & Maintenance in DSR

A Highly Effective and Efficient Route Discovery & Maintenance in DSR Shiva Prakash 1, Rajeev Kumar 2, Brijesh Nayak 3, Manindar Kumar Yadav 4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Madan Mohan

### Power aware Multi-path Routing Protocol for MANETS

Power aware Multi-path Routing Protocol for MANETS Shruthi P Murali 1,Joby John 2 1 (ECE Dept, SNGCE, India) 2 (ECE Dept, SNGCE, India) Abstract: Mobile Adhoc Network consists of a large number of mobile

### A Survey on Intra Domain Protocols and Metrics for Choosing a Best Path in Wireless Network

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering Volume 2 Issue 12 June 2016 ISSN (online): 2349-784X A Survey on Intra Domain Protocols and Metrics for Choosing a Best Path in Wireless

### Gateway Discovery Approaches Implementation and Performance Analysis in the Integrated Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET)-Internet Scenario

Gateway Discovery Approaches Implementation and Performance Analysis in the Integrated Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET)-Internet Scenario K.Gautham 1, Nagajothi A 2 Student, Computer Science and Engineering,

### Performance Evaluation of MANET through NS2 Simulation

International Journal of Electronic and Electrical Engineering. ISSN 0974-2174, Volume 7, Number 1 (2014), pp. 25-30 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Performance Evaluation

### Implementation and simulation of OLSR protocol with QoS in Ad Hoc Networks

Implementation and simulation of OLSR protocol with QoS in Ad Hoc Networks Mounir FRIKHA, Manel MAAMER Higher School of Communication of Tunis (SUP COM), Network Department, m.frikha@supcom.rnu.tn ABSTRACT

### ENERGY EFFICIENT MULTIPATH ROUTING FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

ENERGY EFFICIENT MULTIPATH ROUTING FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS May Cho Aye and Aye Moe Aung Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, University of Technology (Yatanarpon Cyber City), Pyin Oo

### DYNAMIC DATA ROUTING IN MANET USING POSITION BASED OPPORTUNISTIC ROUTING PROTOCOL

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND ROBOTICS ISSN 2320-7345 DYNAMIC DATA ROUTING IN MANET USING POSITION BASED OPPORTUNISTIC ROUTING PROTOCOL P. Kalaivani 1, G. Sathya 2, N.

### Cooperative Caching in Wireless P2P Networks. Aseel Nadhum Kadhum The Islamic University College

Cooperative Caching in Wireless P2P Networks Aseel Nadhum Kadhum The Islamic University College (138).. Cooperative Caching in Wireless P2P Networks Cooperative Caching in Wireless P2P Networks... (139)

### Performance Analysis of MANET Routing Protocols OLSR and AODV

VOL. 2, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 211 Performance Analysis of MANET Routing Protocols OLSR and AODV Jiri Hosek Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology Email: hosek@feec.vutbr.cz

### A New Energy Efficient and Scalable Multicasting Algorithm for Hierarchical Networks

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development ISSN: 2278-067X, Volume 1, Issue 5 (June 2012), PP.12-17 www.ijerd.com A New Energy Efficient and Scalable Multicasting Algorithm for Hierarchical

### Behaviour of Routing Protocols of Mobile Adhoc Netwok with Increasing Number of Groups using Group Mobility Model

Behaviour of Routing Protocols of Mobile Adhoc Netwok with Increasing Number of Groups using Group Mobility Model Deepak Agrawal, Brajesh Patel Department of CSE Shri Ram Institute of Technology Jabalpur,

Volume 3, Issue 12, December 2013 ISSN: 2277 128X International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Research Paper Available online at: www.ijarcsse.com Overview of

### Beacon Update for Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing Protocol in MANETs

Beacon Update for Greedy erimeter Stateless Routing rotocol in MANETs Abstract Dhanarasan 1, Gopi S 2 1 M.E/CSE Muthayammal Engineering College, getdhanarasan@gmail.com 2 Assistant rofessor / IT Muthayammal

### TO DESIGN ENERGY EFFICIENT PROTOCOL BY FINDING BEST NEIGHBOUR FOR ZIGBEE PROTOCOL

TO DESIGN ENERGY EFFICIENT PROTOCOL BY FINDING BEST NEIGHBOUR FOR ZIGBEE PROTOCOL 1 Mr. Sujeet D. Gawande, Prof. Amit M. Sahu 2 1 M.E. Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, G.H.R.C.E.M.,

### Study on Indoor and Outdoor environment for Mobile Ad Hoc Network: Random Way point Mobility Model and Manhattan Mobility Model

Study on and Outdoor for Mobile Ad Hoc Network: Random Way point Mobility Model and Manhattan Mobility Model Ibrahim khider,prof.wangfurong.prof.yinweihua,sacko Ibrahim khider, Communication Software and

### Efficient and Reliable Reactive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad- Hoc Network

238 Efficient and Reliable Reactive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad- Hoc Network Shariq Mahmood Khan, Muhammad Mubashir Khan, Najeed Ahmed Khan, Waseemullah Department of Computer Science & Software Engineering

### Performance of Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocols in Different Network Sizes

Performance of Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocols in Different Network Sizes Sudheer Kumar 1, Akhilesh Yadav 2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering Kanpur Institute of Technology, Kanpur sudheerkr21@gmail.co

### Spatial Reusability-Aware Routing in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks

Spatial Reusability-Aware Routing in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks T. Sree Lakshmi #1 and Sunku Umamahaheswari *2 # M.Tech (CSE),PG Scholar,Department of Computer Science & Engineering, KORM College of Engineering,

### Routing Protocols in MANET: Comparative Study

Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 3, Issue. 7, July 2014, pg.119

### 1 Multipath Node-Disjoint Routing with Backup List Based on the AODV Protocol

1 Multipath Node-Disjoint Routing with Backup List Based on the AODV Protocol Vahid Zangeneh i and Shahriar Mohammadi ii * ABSTRACT In recent years, routing has been the most focused area in ad hoc networks

### A Location-based Directional Route Discovery (LDRD) Protocol in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

A Location-based Directional Route Discovery (LDRD) Protocol in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks Stephen S. Yau, Wei Gao, and Dazhi Huang Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Arizona State University Tempe,

### SECURE AND EFFICIENT HYBRID APPROACH FOR DATA TRANSMISSION IN ZIGBEE NETWORK

SECURE AND EFFICIENT HYBRID APPROACH FOR DATA TRANSMISSION IN ZIGBEE NETWORK P.M.Shareefa Jareena *1, T.Samraj Lawrence #2, and V.Perathu Selvi #3 * Student, Dept of CSE (SNW), Francis Xavier Engineering

### Performance of Routing Protocols in Very Large-Scale Mobile Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

Performance of Routing Protocols in Very Large-Scale Mobile Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Xin Zhang, George F. Riley Department of ECE Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 3332-25 xinzhang, riley@ece.gatech.edu

### Performance Analysis of OLSR and QoS Constraint OLSR in MANET

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS Performance Analysis of OLSR and QoS Constraint OLSR in MANET Mohit Gambhir*, Sapna Gambhir** *Research Scholar, JamiaMilliaIslamia, Delhi **Associate Professor, YMCA University

### Simulation & Performance Analysis of Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocol

Simulation & Performance Analysis of Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocol V.S.Chaudhari 1, Prof.P.N.Matte 2, Prof. V.P.Bhope 3 Department of E&TC, Raisoni College of Engineering, Ahmednagar Abstract:-

### Performance Comparison of Two On-demand Routing Protocols for Ad-hoc Networks based on Random Way Point Mobility Model

American Journal of Applied Sciences 5 (6): 659-664, 2008 ISSN 1546-9239 2008 Science Publications Performance Comparison of Two On-demand Routing Protocols for Ad-hoc Networks based on Random Way Point

### Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols in MANETs Using OPNET 14.0

Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols in MANETs Using OPNET 14.0 Karanveer Singh 1, Naveen Goyal 2 1 Research Scholar,ECE Deptt.,Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering and Technology, Sangrur 2 Assistant

### Performance Of OLSR Routing Protocol Under Different Route Refresh Intervals In Ad Hoc Networks

Performance Of OLSR Routing Protocol Under Different Route Refresh Intervals In Ad Hoc Networks P.Suganthi Research Scholar Mother Teresa Women s University Kodaikanal, TamilNadu, India Dr.A.Tamilarasi

### Performance Analysis of DSR Routing Protocol With and Without the Presence of Various Attacks in MANET

Performance Analysis of DSR Routing Protocol With and Without the Presence of Various Attacks in MANET Aaditya Jain M.Tech Scholar, Department of Computer Science & Engg., R. N. Modi Engineering College,

### Performance Comparison of AODV, DSR, DSDV and OLSR MANET Routing Protocols

Performance Comparison of AODV, DSR, DSDV and OLSR MANET Routing Protocols Akshay Shankar, Lavanya Chelle Information Science Engineering RNS Institute of Technology Bangalore, India Abstract- A Mobile

### A Comparative Analysis of Pro-active Routing Protocols in MANET

Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 3, Issue. 6, June 2014, pg.144

### Simulation and Performance Analysis of Throughput and Delay on Varying Time and Number of Nodes in MANET

International Journal of Recent Research and Review, Vol. VII, Issue 2, June 2014 ISSN 2277 8322 Simulation and Performance Analysis of and on Varying and Number of Nodes in MANET Arun Jain 1, Ramesh Bharti

### COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND STUDY OF DIFFERENT QOS PARAMETERS OF WIRELESS AD-HOC NETWORK

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND STUDY OF DIFFERENT QOS PARAMETERS OF WIRELESS AD-HOC NETWORK Nalin Gahlaut 1, Jaya sharma 2, Pankaj Kumar 3, Kaushal Kumar 4 1 Doctoral Candidate, Uttarakhand Technical University,

### Anil Saini Ph.D. Research Scholar Department of Comp. Sci. & Applns, India. Keywords AODV, CBR, DSDV, DSR, MANETs, PDF, Pause Time, Speed, Throughput.

Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2016 ISSN: 2277 128X International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Research Paper Available online at: www.ijarcsse.com Performance Analysis

### Simulation and Analysis of AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Vehicular Adhoc Networks using Random Waypoint Mobility Model

Simulation and Analysis of AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Vehicular Adhoc Networks using Random Waypoint Mobility Model 1 R. Jeevitha, 2 M. Chandra Kumar 1 Research Scholar, Department of Computer

### A Review of Reactive, Proactive & Hybrid Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Network

ShriRam College of Engineering & Management 1 A Review of Reactive, Proactive & Hybrid Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Network M.Ramaiya Rohit Gupta Rachit Jain Head,Dept. Computer Science Dept. Computer

### Impact of Node Velocity and Density on Probabilistic Flooding and its Effectiveness in MANET

Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 3, Issue. 12, December 2014,

### Figure 1: Ad-Hoc routing protocols.

Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols for Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks Sukhchandan Lally and Ljiljana Trajković Simon Fraser University Vancouver, British Columbia Canada E-mail: {lally, ljilja}@sfu.ca

### Performance Evaluation of Various Routing Protocols in MANET

208 Performance Evaluation of Various Routing Protocols in MANET Jaya Jacob 1,V.Seethalakshmi 2 1 II MECS,Sri Shakthi Institute of Science and Technology, Coimbatore, India 2 Associate Professor-ECE, Sri

### STUDY ON MOBILE ADHOC NETWORK ROUTING PROTOCOLS

International Journal of Information Technology and Knowledge Management January-June 2012, Volume 5, No. 1, pp. 155-158 STUDY ON MOBILE ADHOC NETWORK ROUTING PROTOCOLS Monika ABSTRACT: In Many wireless

### Impact of Hello Interval on Performance of AODV Protocol

Impact of Hello Interval on Performance of AODV Nisha Bhanushali Priyanka Thakkar Prasanna Shete ABSTRACT The multi-hop ad hoc networks are self organizing networks with dynamic topology. The reactive

### Enhancing the Performance of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks with the Aid of Internet Gateways 1

Enhancing the Performance of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks with the Aid of Internet Gateways 1 Shiv Mehra and Chansu Yu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cleveland State University E-mail: {s.mehra,c.yu91}@csuohio.edu

### Aanchal Walia #1, Pushparaj Pal *2

An Implemented approach of VANET using Location Information based Technique for safe city and vehicle Aanchal Walia #1, Pushparaj Pal *2 #1. M.Tech Scholor,ECE,Krukshetra University, *2. A.P.ECE Department,

### The Impact of the Number of Nodes, Speed of Nodes, Speed of Network and the Network Space to the Number of Nodes keeps Alive

Available online at www.globalilluminators.org GlobalIlluminators Full Paper Proceeding GTAR-2014, Vol. 1, 463--469 FULL PAPER PROCEEDING Multidisciplinary Studies ISBN: 978-969-9948-30-5 GTAR-14 The Impact

### Effect of 3 Key Factors on Average End to End Delay in MANET

Effect of 3 Key Factors on Average End to End Delay in MANET Suhaimi. Abd. Latif, Saqib Hakak Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur,

### Review:- EN-efficient Approaches for MANETs in Rushing Attacks

Review:- EN-efficient Approaches for MANETs in Rushing Attacks Rashmi Vishwakarma Sumit Dhariwal Mohmmed.Imran Deptt.Of CSE Deptt.Of CSE HOD,Deptt.Of CSE JNCT Rewa M.P, India SIRTE Bhopal M.P, India JNCT

### GSM Based Comparative Investigation of Hybrid Routing Protocols in MANETS

IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSR-JECE) e-issn: 2278-2834,p- ISSN: 2278-8735.Volume 9, Issue 3, Ver. II (May - Jun. 214), PP 82-86 GSM Based Comparative Investigation of Hybrid

### IJMIE Volume 2, Issue 9 ISSN:

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF DSDV WITH OTHER MANET ROUTING PROTOCOL USING RANDOM WAYPOINT MOBILITY MODEL IN NS-3 Saurabh kumar soni* Prof.Prem Narayan Arya* ABSTRACT Routing protocols are a critical aspect

### A Comparative Study between AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks using Network Simulator NS2

A Comparative Study between AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks using Network Simulator NS2 Marwan Aziz Mohammed Dept. of Software Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Koya University,

### Suman Kumari et al, / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 2 (4), 2011,

Traffic Pattern Based Performance Comparison of AODV, DSDV & OLSR MANET Routing Protocols using Freeway Mobility Model Suman Kumari 1, Sunil Maakar 2,Suresh Kumar 3, R K Rathy 4 1 CSE,CITM, Faridabad.

ANewRoutingProtocolinAdHocNetworks with Unidirectional Links Deepesh Man Shrestha and Young-Bae Ko Graduate School of Information & Communication, Ajou University, South Korea {deepesh, youngko}@ajou.ac.kr

### Performance Analysis and Enhancement of Routing Protocol in Manet

Vol.2, Issue.2, Mar-Apr 2012 pp-323-328 ISSN: 2249-6645 Performance Analysis and Enhancement of Routing Protocol in Manet Jaya Jacob*, V.Seethalakshmi** *II MECS, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and

### ROUTE STABILITY MODEL FOR DSR IN WIRELESS ADHOC NETWORKS

ROUTE STABILITY MODEL FOR DSR IN WIRELESS ADHOC NETWORKS Ganga S 1, Binu Chandran R 2 1, 2 Mohandas College Of Engineering And Technology Abstract: Wireless Ad-Hoc Network is a collection of wireless mobile

### Performance Analysis of Aodv Protocol under Black Hole Attack

International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8,August-2011 1 Performance Analysis of Aodv Protocol under Black Hole Attack Monika Roopak, Dr. Bvr Reddy ABSTRACT- Mobile Ad-hoc

### The General Analysis of Proactive Protocols DSDV, FSR and WRP

Volume 116 No. 10 2017, 375-380 ISSN: 1311-8080 (printed version); ISSN: 1314-3395 (on-line version) url: http://www.ijpam.eu ijpam.eu The General Analysis of Proactive Protocols DSDV, FSR and WRP 1 Dr.

### A Test-Bed for Power Consumption Performance Evaluation of AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

A Test-Bed for Power Consumption Performance Evaluation of AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks Abdulrahman Issa Kh Shybub 1, Tarek Mosbah Abdala 2 1, Computer Department Higher Institute

### A Protocol for Reducing Routing Overhead in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

A Protocol for Reducing Routing Overhead in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Radhu.R.Nair #1 T. K Parani *2 # Student, M.E Communication Systems engineering, Anna University DSCE Coimbatore, India *Assistant professor,

### To enhance Routing in ZigBee Wireless Networks

To enhance Routing in ZigBee Wireless Networks P.Chanthiya Assistant Professor Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Dr.Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engineering, Tiruchendur, India Abstract The

### Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) Tanyar Pooyeh Intelligent Robotics - winter semester 2013/14 Nov 11, 2013

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) Tanyar Pooyeh 2pooyeh@informatik.uni-hamburg.de Intelligent Robotics - winter semester 2013/14 Nov 11, 2013 Outline Multi-hop Wireless Networks MANETs, VANETs, WSNs Routing

### A COMPARISON OF IMPROVED AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL BASED ON IEEE AND IEEE

Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 4, No. 2 (2009) 132-141 School of Engineering, Taylor s University College A COMPARISON OF IMPROVED AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL BASED ON IEEE 802.11 AND IEEE

### Performance Analysis of Broadcast Based Mobile Adhoc Routing Protocols AODV and DSDV

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND MOBILE APPLICATIONS IJCSMA Performance Analysis of Broadcast Based Mobile Adhoc Routing Protocols AODV and DSDV Er. Sandeep Singh Khehra 1, Er. Abhinash Singla

### Performance Analysis of AOMDV, OLSR and DSR Routing Protocols Using UDP agents in MANETS

Performance Analysis of AOMDV, OLSR and DSR Routing Protocols Using UDP agents in MANETS Sowjanya Kumari Nalam¹, P.V.Venkateswara Rao ²,SrinadhSagiraju³ ¹M.Tech Student, CSE Department, Raghu Engineering

### STUDY OF QoS ISSUES FOR ROUTING PROTOCOLS in IEEE s

STUDY OF QoS ISSUES FOR ROUTING PROTOCOLS in IEEE 802.11s Nikumani Choudhury Department of IT, Gauhati University Guwahati, Assam-781014, India nikumani2010@rediff.com Azhar Hussain Mozumder Department

### International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 12, December ISSN

International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 12, December-2016 286 A SURVEY ON FACTORS EFFECTING ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN MANET Pooja Ph.D Scholar, Department of Computer Science

### Performance Evaluation in MANET by Using NCPR Scheme with Cluster Technique

International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology Volume 3, Issue 7, July 2015, PP 22-31 ISSN 2349-4395 (Print) & ISSN 2349-4409 (Online) Performance Evaluation in MANET by Using NCPR

### Performance Analysis of DSR, AODV Routing Protocols based on Wormhole Attack in Mobile Adhoc

International Journal of Wireless Networks and Communications. ISSN 0975-6507 Volume 4, Number 1 (2012), pp. 19-29 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Performance Analysis

### Reducing Routing Overhead In Manet Using Ncpr Protocol

Reducing Routing Overhead In Manet Using Ncpr Protocol Ms.Manjula.R 1, Mr.Santhosh.R 2 PG Scholar, Karpagam University, Coimbatore 1 Assistant Professor/CSE, Karpagam University, Coimbatore 2 ABSTRACT:

### The Impact of Transmission Power on the Performance of MANET Routing Protocols

IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) e-issn: 2250-3021, p-issn: 2278-8719 Vol. 3, Issue 2 (Feb. 2013), V3 PP 34-41 The Impact of Transmission Power on the Performance of MANET Routing Protocols V.Lalitha

### BUSNet: Model and Usage of Regular Traffic Patterns in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for Inter-Vehicular Communications

BUSNet: Model and Usage of Regular Traffic Patterns in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for Inter-Vehicular Communications Kai-Juan Wong, Bu-Sung Lee, Boon-Chong Seet, Genping Liu, Lijuan Zhu School of Computer

### Performance Evaluation of AODV DSDV and OLSR Routing Protocols with Varying FTP Connections in MANET

Performance Evaluation of AODV DSDV and OLSR Protocols with Varying FTP Connections in MANET Alok Upadhyay, Rupali Phatak Research Scholar, Asst. Professor -Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

### A Comparison and Performance Evaluation of On-Demand Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

International Journal of Computer Sciences and Engineering Open Access Research Paper Volume-2, Issue-5 E-ISSN: 2347-2693 A Comparison and Performance Evaluation of On-Demand Routing Protocols for Mobile

### Comparative Study of Mobility Models using MANET Routing Protocols under TCP and CBR Traffic

Comparative Study of Mobility Models using MANET Routing Protocols under TCP and CBR Traffic 1. Sunita (M Tech Scholar), 2. Ms. Kavita Choudhary (Associate Prof.) Department of computer Science and engineering,

### A Study of Congestion Aware Adaptive Routing Protocols in MANET

International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2012 1 A Study of Congestion Aware Adaptive Routing Protocols in MANET S.A.Jain, S.R.Kokate, Pranita Thakur, Shubhangi

### A New Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for. Improving Path Stability in Ad-hoc Networks

Contemporary Engineering Sciences, Vol. 8, 2015, no. 19, 859-864 HIKARI Ltd, www.m-hikari.com http://dx.doi.org/10.12988/ces.2015.57207 A New Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for Improving Path Stability

### Design Guidelines for Routing Protocols in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks with a Realistic Physical Layer

TOPICS IN AD HOC NETWORKS Design Guidelines for Routing Protocols in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks with a Realistic Physical Layer Ivan Stojmenovic, Amiya Nayak, and Johnson Kuruvila, SITE, University of

### Effect of Variable Bit Rate Traffic Models on the Energy Consumption in MANET Routing Protocols

Volume 1, Issue 3, October 2013 ISSN: 2320-9984 (Online) International Journal of Modern Engineering & Management Research Website: www.ijmemr.org Effect of Variable Bit Rate Traffic Models on the Energy