1 BORANG PENGESAHAN STATUS TESIS* JUDUL: In_fi_ _n_eo_n D_i=~-it_a_l_L_ib_r_a_ry~ ---C_a_ta_l_o=~~in~~~ SESI PENGAJIAN: 2011/ Saya LEE KlAN SENG mengaku membenarkan tesis Projek Sarjana Muda ini disimpan di Perpustakaan Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi dengan syarat-syarat kegunaan seperti berikut: 1. Tesis dan projek adalah hakmilik Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka. 2. Perpustakaan Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi dibenarkan membuat salinan untuk tujuan pengajian sahaja. 3. Perpustakaan Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi dibenarkan membuat salinan tesis ini sebagai bahan pertukaran antara institusi pengajian tinggi. 4. ** Sila tandakan (/) SULIT (Mengandungi maklumat yang berdarjah keselamatan atau kepentingan Malaysia seperti yang termaktub di dalam AKT A RAHSIA RASMI 1972) TERHAD (Mengandungi maklumat TERHAD yang telah ditentukan oleh organisasilbadan di mana penyelidikan dijalankan) TIDAK TERHAD (T AND AT ANGAN PENULIS) (TAND~ PENYELIA) P f..? u ~ ~" (f 1 I (,,..,4.., lje'li?!. Ant#... 1?JtSO~!...~~'l.f, Alamat tetap: N G 1 7, kt's ~"'..._ P~rqk Tarikh: ~~~h ~M~ Nama Penyelia Tarikh: CAT A TAN: * Tesis dimaksudkan sebagai Laporan Projek Sarjana Muda (PSM). ** Jika tesis ini SULIT atau atau TERHAD, sila lampirkan surat daripada pihak berkuasa.
2 11 DECLARATION I hereby declare that this project report entitled Infineon Digital Library - Cataloging (IDLC) is written by me and is my own effort and that no part has been plagiarized without citations. STUDENT SUPERVISOR Date: (LEE KIA~, Date: 00 ~ ~~ 'l.. (PUAN EMALIANA BINTI KASMURI)
3 lll DEDICATION This thesis is dedicated to my beloved parents. Without your patience, understanding and support, the completion of this thesis would not have been possible. To my supervisor, Puan Emaliana binti Kasmuri, your recommendations and comments has truiy been my source of inspiration in completing this project. Also, a special thank is given to UTeM library staffs for kindly providing useful information during interview.
4 lv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost, I would like to give my special thank to my helpful supervisor, Puan Emaliana binti Kasmuri for giving assistance to me in completing this project. The supervision and support that he gave me truly help the progression and smoothness of the project development. Last but not least, I would like to thank to my beloved parents, family and friends for giving me support, motivation and confidence to complete this project.
5 v ABSTRACT Infineon Digital Library - Cataloging is a system that is developed specially for Infineon, a semi conductor manufacturing factory located at Batu Berendam, Melaka, Malaysia. The company is currently looking for an online based system that will be applied to manage its library. The main objective why Infineon is looking for an online based library is to replace the manual process of managing its library. Therefore, Infineon Digital Library - Cataloging is developed according to Infineon requirement to overcome the problems faced by Infmeon. This report consists of seven chapters describing the project development process. Chapter I will briefly introduce the background, objective and scope of this project. Chapter II will describe the facts and findings regarding this project and the project methodology used. The requirements analysis of the project will be discussed in Chapter III while chapter IV presents the design of the project including architectural design, database design and user interface design. Chapter V focus on the implementation phase such as software configuration management, version control procedure and implementation status. Chapter VI shows how the testing is prepared and conducted. Finally, chapter VII will conclude all the project development processes and experiences.
6 Vl ABSTRAK Infineon Digital Library - Cataloging merupakan satu system yang dibangunkan khasnya untuk Infineon, sebuah kilang pembuatan semi konduktor yang berlokasi di Batu Berendam, Melaka. Syarikat ini sedang mancari satu system yang dapat beroperasi di rangkaian internet untuk menggantikan system yang sedia ada di mana proses pengurusan terlalu bergantung manusia. Laporan in merangkumi tujuh bab tentang proses pembangunan sistem ini. Bab I memperkenalkan latar belakang, objektif dan skop projek ini. Bab II akan menerang penemuan dan kajian untul projek ini dan methodologi yang digunakan. Analisa keperluan bagi projek ini akan dibincang dalam bab III manakala bab IV akan menunjukkan rekaan projek termasuklan rekaan seni bina, rekaan pangkalan data dan rekaan antaramuka bagi pengguna. Bab V bertumpu pada fasa perlaksaan seperti pengurusan konfigurasi perisian, prosedur pengawalan versi dan status perlaksaan. Bab VI menunjuk bagaimana ujian disedia dan dijalan. Akhir sekali, bab VII akan menyedia kesimpulan untuk seluruh proses pembangunan and pengalaman projek ini.
7 Vll TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER SUBJECT PAGE DECLARATION II DEDICATION Ill ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ABSTRACT ABSTRAK TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS IV v VI VII X XII XIII CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION PROJECT BACKGROUND PROBLEM STATEMENTS OBJECTIVE SCOPE PROJECT SIGNIFICANCE CONCLUSION 19 CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROJECT METHODOLOGY INTRODUCTION FACT AND FINDING PROJECT METHODOLOGY PROJECT REQUIREMENT SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT HARDWARE REQUIREMENT 25
8 Vlll OTHER REQUIREMENT PROJECT SCHEDULE AND MILESTONES CONCLUSION 27 CHAPTER III ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION PROBLEM ANALYSIS ANALYSIS OF CURRENT SYSTEM FLOW OF CURRENT SYSTEM PROBLEM OF CURRENT SYSTEM REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS BUSINESS RULES USE CASE DIAGRAM SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS CONCLUSION 57 CHAPTER IV DESIGN INTRODUCTION HIGH LEVEL DESIGN SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE USER INTERFACE DESIGN DATABASE DESIGN CONCLUSION 87 CHAPTERV IMPLEMENTATION INTRODUCTION SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT SETUP HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION ENVIRONMENT SETUP VERSION CONTROL PROCEDURE IMPLEMENTATION STATUS 91
9 IX 5.5 CONCLUSION 93 CHAPTER VI TESTING INTRODUCTION TEST PLAN TEST ORGANIZATION TEST ENVIRONMENT TEST SCHEDULE TEST STRATEGIES TEST CLASSES OF TESTS TEST DESIGN TEST DESCRIPTION TEST DATA TEST RESULT AND ANALYSIS CONCLUSION 112 CHAPTER VII PROJECT CONCLUSION OBSERVATION ON WEAKNESS AND STRENGTH STRENGTH WEAKNESS PROPOSITIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT CONTRIBUTION CONCLUSION 115 REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY 116 APPENDICES 117
10 X LIST OF TABLES TABLE TITLE PAGE Table 1: Strength and weakness Table 2: Software requirement Table 3: Hardware requirement Table 4: Project schedule and milestone Table 5: Software requirement Table 6: Hardware requirement Table 7: Network requirement Table 8: Input design Table 9: Data dictionary of User Table 10: Data dictionary of Library Material Table 11: Data dictionary of Loan Table 12: Data dictionary of Acquisition Table 13: Data dictionary of AcqDiscussion Table 14: Data dictionary of Favourite Material Table 15: Data dictionary of ViewedMaterial Table 16: Data dictionary of QueueList Table 17: Data dictionary of Announcement Table 18: Description of Class LoginDB Table 19: Description of Class UserDB Table 20: Description of Class CatalogDB Table 21: Description of Class BrowseMateriaiDB Table 22: Description of Class ReportDB Table 23: User Table 24: LibraryMaterial Table 25: Loan Table 26: Acquisition Table 27: AcqDiscussion Table 28: QueueList Table 29: FavouriteMaterial Table 30: ViewedMaterial Table 31: Announcement Table 32: Versions of product
11 XI Table 33: Implementation status Table 34: Role and responsibilities of test organization Table 35: Hardware configuration Table 36: Software configuration Table 37: Test schedule Table 38: Login module test description Table 39: CatalogingMaterial module test description Table 40: TraceMaterial test description Table 41: MateriaiBrowsing test description Table 42: Report module Table 43: Test Results
12 Xll LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE TITLE PAGE Figure 1: Use case diagram of the current system Figure 2: Activity diagram of acquisition and cataloging Figure 3: Activity diagram of loaning library material Figure 4: Activity diagram of returning library material Figure 5: Overall use case diagram Figure 6: Use case diagram- Cataloging Figure 7: Sequence diagram of Login Figure 8: Sequence diagram of Browse Library Material Figure 9: Sequence diagram of Reservation of Library Material Figure 10: Sequence diagram of Trace Library Material Figure 11: Sequence diagram of Catalog Material Figure 12: Sequence diagram of Publish Material Figure 13: Sequence diagram of View Report Figure 14: System architecture of IDLC Figure 15: Navigation design of IDLC Figure 16: Output design of login page Figure 17: output design of Home page Figure 18: Output design of Library Material Browsing Figure 19: Entity Relationship Diagram of IDLC Figure 20: Class User Figure 21: Class LibraryMaterial Figure 22: Class LoginDB Figure 23: Class UserDB Figure 24: Class CatalogDB Figure 25: Class BrowseMateriaiDB Figure 26: Class ReportDB Figure 27: Diagram of hardware environment architecture Figure 28: Diagram of software environment architecture Figure 29: Diagram of the sequence of installing the software
13 Xlll LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS IDLC UTeM Infineon Digital Library - Cataloging Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
14 14 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Project Background Library - a large collection of books. Providing the information resources that are most often in printing materials like books, journals, encyclopaedia and etc, library is a place where people visit to obtain information and knowledge. However, as the technologies keep improving, the culture that people make library as their primary source of information will face or is facing challenge. There is trend that people would like to access to information through digital library. Digital library is collection of information resources in digital formats but is not a new idea since decade ago. There are already organizations and universities involving in digital library practice. This project that develops a digital library is actually based on the existing target user, Infmeon in Melaka. The target user is currently looking for a digital library to be developed in the company in order to enhance functionality of the existing library and overcome some limitations. Therefore, this project will be developed to meet the requirements.
15 Problem Statements 1. Difficult to manage the materials of library As the materials of library keep increasing and this is no systematic management, it is hard to keep track and organize the materials. 2. Availability of materials in Infineon is limited to staffs When there is no systematic management to trace the materials of library, the availability of the materials become limited to the users' requests. 3. Lack of report functionalities This make library management cannot obtain useful information and statistic to be utilized to provide better service to user. 1.3 Objective 1. Cataloging the materials of library By cataloging, each material contains its own descriptive information. Thus, the materials of library can be managed and organized systematically. Also, users can search for the information resources more easily. 2. Create digital storage for materials in digital formats With the digital storage, multiple users can easily access to the materials m digital formats via internet. The materials become more available to users. 3. Derive trend analysis from statistics about library users Trend analysis can help library provide better service to meet users' needs. By figuring out what are the materials most likely required by users, library can make related materials available to users.
16 Scope 1. User a. Staffs Role: The lnfineon staff can browse digital library materials through login to the system. Also, they can trace the library material to check if the requested materials are available and make a booking for them. b. Librarians Role: Librarians are mainly responsible to manage the library materials in a proper manner so that the materials are available to users. For examples, librarians need to catalog the materials. c. Administrators Role: Administrators are responsible to maintain library to run operation efficiently according to policies, rules and regulations. 2. Module I Function a. Browsing Library Materials Functions: Staffs can browse the library materials for reading and downloading as references usage through the digital library. b. Trace Library Materials Functions: Staffs can trace the availability of the library materials requested. The staff can then make booking or reservation to the materials.
17 17 c. Cataloging Functions: Based on a defined catalog by lnfineon, register each materials with metadata (descriptive information of the materials) in order to manage the materials systematically. d. Generate Report Functions: Gather the information about users of the digital library such as annual total access to certain kind of material using direct SQL approach. This can lead to trend analysis. 3. Software a. Operating system - Windows 7 Ultimate. b. Programming Language - Microsoft.Net 4.0 c. Development Tools I IDE- MicrosoftVisual Studio d. Database- Microsoft SQL Server e. Star UML tool f. Mircosoft office Word Hardware a. Computer - Processor: Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU 2.1 OGHz -RAM: 4GB - Hard Disk: 250 GB Monitor Specification - Screen Size: 15" TFT - Screen Resolution: 1366 x 768 b. Barcode scanner c. Printer
18 Project Significance This project, Digital Library is developed based on the existing target user, Infineon in Melaka. Infineon is looking for a digital library system to be implemented in their organization. Therefore, the system will be developed to meet requirements of Infineon to achieve their objectives. Once the system is developed completely and implemented, the system will provide convenience to staffs to browse library materials without being present at library in personal. The staff can just access to the digital library system via internet easily and this is a kind of time saving. This is a great solution to make the materials more available to the users. As the traditional library is still being maintained, the system will help librarian manage the materials more efficiently especially during loan and return process. The availability of each material can be kept track and this is helpful when the users request for certain materials. Also, the system helps the administrator of library obtain the useful information about the digital library more easily. There are many useful information can be derived from the statistics generated such as the total number of users access to materials of a certain category. With this information, it can be helpful to provide materials that are suitable to the favourites of users. The advantages of the digital system are not limited to all these have been mentioned. The target user, Infmeon at Melaka, is believed to greatly benefit from the system.
19 Conclusion By going through the background of the target users, the current problems that they are facing are being understood more clearly. Then, objectives are listed out to direct the development of the project. Also, scope and the significance of the project have been discussed. The next activities to be developed will be the selection of methodology in developing the system, identifying the project requirement, and the project milestone.
20 20 CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROJECT METHODOLOGY 2.1 Introduction This chapter is about the literature review of digital library and the project methodology to be applied. Literature reviews are secondary sources that bring the reader up to date with current literature on a topic and form the basis for the next goal. Literature review is considered as a summary and synopsis of a particular area of research. "It is not a collection of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources. A good literature review should also have some evaluation of the quality and findings of the research." (Martyn Shuttleworth, 2009) Project Methodology is about the approach selected to develop the project or system. All the stages and steps of managing the project development towards completion will be described. Also, this chapter will list out the hardware requirement and software requirement and other requirement to develop the project. Finally, project schedule or milestone will be generated in tabular form. The activities and workflow together with timeline will be discussed. The project will be developed by following the schedule planned.
21 Fact and Finding Domain The domain of this project is library and information science. This project is specified to digital library and it concerns the management of both physical and digital library of the target user. Domain knowledge of managing library is important and needed to develop the system. All the workflow, process and procedure of how standard library operates are as guideline and reference for this project. In this project, target user has an existing physical library and it will be served as main model when developing the digital library system Existing System There is currently only a physical library system from target user. In fact, there are existing digital library systems. Some of the systems are university-based which limit the access from public. For example, there are two existing channels, e-resources offered by UTeM to allow all UTeM students and staffs to access electronic resources provided. The resources are provided from two main sources, subscribed from third parties and original resource from UTeM. Table 1: Strength and weakness Strengths Provides free access to information resource from certain subscribed source Provide multiple access to resource simply via internet Weakness Access to few creditable source provided, but access to content of resource requires payment Categories are not well defined, lead to confusion Resource belong to UTeM e.g. Thesis is only available at physical library within campus There is some similarity between the existing system and to-be system. However, the existing system can only be a reference and the to-be system has to be tailored according the requirement of the target user.
22 Technique The technique that was used to collect the information about how library operate was interview. An interview was conducted with the librarians and department officers at UTeM library. The information obtained was so useful to have overview of the workflow of library. 2.3 Project Methodology The chosen methodology is Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (OOAD) which is industry-proven methodology for developing high-quality object-oriented systems. This methodology involves three aspects: object-oriented analysis (OOA), which analyze the functional requirement for a system, object-oriented design (OOD), which translates a system architecture into programming constructs (such as interfaces, classes, and method descriptions); and object-oriented programming (OOP), which implements these programming constructs. Object-oriented analysis and design methodology models a system as a group of interacting objects. In other words, it is about object decomposition, breaking the complex software system down into manageable objects. OOAD methodology helps producing flexible, modifiable, easily maintainable object-oriented systems. Besides, this methodology focuses on the concept of reusability which greatly saves cost during implementation. Rational Unified Process (RUP) is an iterative and incremental software development process framework that applies OOAD approach. RUP has determined four phases of a project life cycle that are inception phase, elaboration phase, construction phase and transition phase. In iterative approach, each phase will go through the activities of system development life cycle (requirements, analysis, design, implementation, and testing). In incremental approach, the effort in each phase will be incremented to next following phase and finally end with one huge effort as a whole.
23 23 a) Iterative phase: In requirement stage, the activities will be carried out to gather and understand the requirement of the digital library system. The requirement specifications have to be established at this stage via various appropriate techniques such as interview with the relevant parties. In analysis stage, the requirement gathered from previous stage will be analyzed and refined. It is required to identify and clarify the functional requirement, non-functional requirement and other requirement for the system development. In design stage, the functional requirement and non-functional requirement will be finalized. Also, programming language, developing tools, platform and other requirement will be determined. The architecture and design of the system will be produced according to requirement for next stage. In implementation stage, the system will be implemented based on the architecture and design has been produced from previous stage. In testing stage, the main objective is to verify if the system developed meet or fulfil the requirement as agreement of developers and client. The testing will be conducted from various aspects via different methods to confirm client satisfaction. b) Incremental phase: In inception phase, requirement stage activities are carried out to collect requirement. Then analysis and design phase may start. The implementation is limited due to lack of sufficient and finalized information. In elaboration phase, the initial requirement will be refined. Analysis and design become complete with the aid of Unified Modelling Language
24 24 (UML) model. Various diagrams generated through UML model such as use diagram, sequence diagram, class diagram and so on will be used for the development that take place soon. At this phase, prototype will be good idea to verify the understanding established about requirement. In construction phase, it is the period where the implementation of system begins properly based on the requirement, specification and design that have been decided. There will also be iteration of testing process taking place to ensure the development follow requirement. In transition phase, the system will be verified if it has fulfilled the requirement as stated following the agreement of both developer and client. If the system achieves the client satisfaction, then the system will be deployed as the final deliverable to client. 2.4 Project Requirement Software Requirement Software Description Specification Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Programming Language Microsoft.Net 4.0 Development Tools I IDE Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 Database Management Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Unified Modelling Tool Star UML tool Project Document Tool Microsoft Office Word 2007 Table 2: Software requirement