# Performance Analysis of Aodv Protocol under Black Hole Attack

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3 International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8,August Blackhole With no attack Figure -4 X-axis : Speed Y-axis: Throughput with Blackhole Figure 5 shows the packet delivery ratio with the number of malicious nodes. We can clearly conclude that the PDF of the network is reduced to zero in our case hence the PDF is decreasing with the increase in no of malicious nodes. Figure -5 X-axis : Speed Y-axis: PDF Blackhole with Figure -6-3 X-axis : : Speed Time Y-axis: End PDF to End with Delay Blackhole with Blackhole With no attack Figure 6 shows the relation between increases in the increases with time whereas in case of black hole attacked network the throughput become constant when the malicious node comes into action in the network. Figure 3 shows the comparison in PDF of network ith and without black hole attack. The PDF ratio decreased drastically in case of network with black hole attack The End to End Delay with black hole attacked network measured is ms and the End to End Delay with no attack is ms. number of malicious nodes with end to end delay. It can be seen from the graph that end to end fluctuates with increase in no. of malicious nodes. 4.2 SCENARIO 2 In the second scenario we keep the total number of nodes constant with random movement with speed of 20 ms and vary the number of malicious nodes in the network and then compare the network with black hole attack with network without any attack. Figure 4 shows the throughput with varying number of malicious nodes. Graph shows the decline in the throughput with the increase in the number of malicious nodes. 4.3 SCENAREO 3 In the third scenario for the calculation of the performance of the network with and without black hole attack we keep to total no. of nodes constant and one malicious node and vary the speed of the nodes.

4 International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8,August We keep no of nodes malicious node constant and vary the speed of the nodes Figure 7 shows the throughput with the speed of the nodes having one malicious node in the network. graph that end to end delay is totally opposite when considering case of network with and without blackhole attack. Graph indicates that the throughput of the network reduces drastically as the speed of the node increases. Figure-7 X-axis : Speed Y-axis: Throughput with Blackhole With no attack Figure 8 shows the packet delivery ratio with the increase in the speed of nodes. With the comparison with the PDF of network with no attack network with malicious attack have much lower packet delivery ratio when the speed of the node increases. For eg. The PDF in no attack network is 0.8 with node mobility speed 125 m/s and the PDF in the network with attack is 0.67 with the same speed. Figure -9 X-axis : Speed Y-axis: End to End Delay with Blackhole With no attack 5. CONCLUSION In this paper we have analyzed the performance of ad hoc network under the black hole attack and compared that with the network without any attack working using AODV routing protocol in three scenarios. As we can see from Figure 2-9 the performance of the network is decreased under the attack in each scenario. The PDF and Throughput of the network has decreased drastically in all the three scenarios and the End to End delay has increased again in all the scenarios. 6. REFERENCES Figure 9 shows the end to end delay with the increase in the speed of the nodes. It can be seen from the [1] Tamilselvan, L.; and Sankaranarayanan, V. (2007). Prevention of blackhole attack in MANET. The 2nd International Conference on Wireless Broadband and Ultra Wideband Communications. AusWireless, [2] C. E. Perkins, E. M. Belding-Royer, and S. Das. Ad hoc On- Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing. RFC 3561, July [3] C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer. The Ad hoc On-Demand Distan Figure -8 X-axis : Speed Y-axis: PDF ce with Blackhole With no attack Vector Protocol. In C. E. Perkins, editor, Ad hoc Networking, pages Addison-Wesley, [4].E. A. Mary Anita and V. Vasudevan, Black Hole attack on multicast routing protocols, JCIT, Vol.4, No.2, pp ,

5 International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8,August [5] F. J. Ros and P. M. Ruiz, Implementing a New Manet Unicast Routing Protocol in NS2, December, 2004, 25 July Monika Roopak is pursuing M.Tech in IT from USIT, GGS Indraprastha University, Delhi Dr. BVR Reddy is serving as DEAN of USIT, GGS Indraprastha University Delhi

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