# Geometry Christmas Break

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1 Name: Date: Place all answers for Part. A on a Scantron. 1. In the diagram below, congruent figures 1, 2, and 3 are drawn. 3. Which figure can have the same cross section as a sphere? Which sequence of transformations maps figure 1 onto figure 2 and then figure 2 onto figure 3? a reflection followed by a translation a rotation followed by a translation a translation followed by a reflection a translation followed by a rotation 4. Which equation represents a line that is perpendicular to the line represented by 2x y = 7? 2. Two right triangles must be congruent if an acute angle in each triangle is congruent the lengths of the hypotenuses are equal the corresponding legs are congruent the areas are equal y = 1 2 x + 6 y = 1 2 x + 6 y = 2x + 6 y = 2x A gallon of paint will cover approximately 450 square feet. An artist wants to paint all the outside surfaces of a cube measuring 12 feet on each edge. What is the least number of gallons of paint he must buy to paint the cube? page 1

2 6. In the diagram below, a square is graphed in the coordinate plane. 9. A sequence of transformations maps rectangle ABCD onto rectangle A B C D, as shown in the diagram below. A reflection over which line does not carry the square onto itself? x = 5 y = 2 Which sequence of transformations maps ABCD onto A B C D and then maps A B C D onto A B C D? y = x x + y = 4 a reflection followed by a rotation 7. The Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed as a regular pyramid with a square base. It was built with an approximate volume of 2,592,276 cubic meters and a height of meters. What was the length of one side of its base, to the nearest meter? A quadrilateral has vertices with coordinates ( 3, 1), (0, 3), (5, 2), and ( 1, 2). Which type of quadrilateral is this? a reflection followed by a translation a translation followed by a rotation a translation followed by a reflection 10. The diameter of a basketball is approximately 9.5 inches and the diameter of a tennis ball is approximately 2.5 inches. The volume of the basketball is about how many times greater than the volume of the tennis ball? rhombus rectangle square trapezoid page 2

3 11. Given MN shown below, with M( 6, 1) and N(3, 5), what is an equation of the line that passes through point P(6, 1) and is parallel to MN? 13. As shown in the diagram below, a regular pyramid has a square base whose side measures 6 inches. If the altitude of the pyramid measures 12 inches, its volume, in cubic inches, is The coordinates of the vertices of RST are R( 2, 3), S(8, 2), and T(4, 5). Which type of triangle is RST? right acute y = 3 2x + 5 y = 2 3 x 3 y = 3 2 x + 7 y = 3 2 x In the diagram below, FE bisects AC at B, and GE bisects BD at C. obtuse equiangular 15. Which transformation of OA would result in an image parallel to OA? Which statement is always true? a translation of two units down AB = DC FB = EB BD bisects GE at C. AC bisects FE at B. a reflection over the x-axis a reflection over the y-axis a clockwise rotation of 90 about the origin page 3

4 16. Using the information given below, which set of triangles can not be proven similar? 19. In the diagram below, ABC has vertices A(4, 5), B(2, 1), and C(7, 3). What is the slope of the altitude drawn from A to BC? On the set of axes below, rectangle ABCD can be proven congruent to rectangle KLMN using which transformation? 17. A company is creating an object from a wooden cube with an edge length of 8.5 cm. A right circular cone with a diameter of 8 cm and an altitude of 8 cm will be cut out of the cube. Which expression represents the volume of the remaining wood? (8.5) 3 π(8) 2 (8) (8.5) 3 π(4) 2 (8) (8.5) π(8)2 (8) (8.5) π(4)2 (8) 18. What is an equation of a line that is perpendicular to the line whose equation is 2y = 3x 10 and passes through ( 6, 1)? y = 2 3 x 5 y = 2 3 x 3 y = 2 3 x + 1 y = 2 3 x + 10 rotation translation reflection over the x-axis reflection over the y-axis page 4

5 21. In the figure, TV and RC bisect each other. Complete the statement. 25. Triangle RST is graphed on the set of axes below. TER = CEV VEC EVC VCE 22. Segment CD is the perpendicular bisector of AB at E. Which pair of segments does not have to be congruent? AD, BD AC, BC AE, BE DE, CE How many square units are in the area of RST? 23. Line segment EA is the perpendicular bisector of ZT, and ZE and TE are drawn The coordinates of vertices A and B of ABC are A(3, 4) and B(3, 12). If the area of ABC is 24 square units, what could be the coordinates of point C? (3, 6) (8, 3) ( 3, 8) (6, 3) Which conclusion can not be proven? EA bisects angle ZET. 27. The two angles formed as a result of a bisector will always be. Triangle EZT is equilateral. EA is a median of triangle EZT. complementary supplementary right congruent Angle Z is congruent to angle T. 24. Given ABC = DEF, which statement is not always true? BC = DF m A = m D 28. Which of the following can be the lengths of the sides of a triangle? 5 1 2, 5 1 2, 11 5, 6, 7 4, 4, 8 4, 9, 13 area of ABC = area of DEF perimeter of ABC = perimeter of DEF page 5

6 29. In the diagram below, lines l, m, n, and p intersect line r. 32. Identify which sequence of transformations could map pentagon ABCDE onto pentagon A B C D E, as shown below. Which statement is true? l n l p m p m n 30. In the diagram below, m BDC = 100, m A = 50, and m DBC = 30. dilation followed by a rotation translation followed by a rotation line reflection followed by a translation line reflection followed by a line reflection 33. What is the point halfway between (3x, 6y) and ( x, 0)? (2x, 6y) (4x, 3y) Which statement is true? ABD is obtuse. ABC is isosceles. m ABD = 80 ABD is scalene. 31. According to the Triangle Inequality Theorem, if 20 and 25 are the lengths of two sides of a triangle, then an inequality that represents all possible lengths for the third side is. 0 < s < 45 5 < s < 45 0 < s < 5 5 s 45 (4x, 0) (x, 3y) 34. The midpoint of RS is (2, 2). If R = ( 2, 6), then S = (0, 4) (0, 2) (6, 10) (15, 5) 35. State the congruence relation for XYZ and PQR. ASA AAA SSA not necessarily congruent page 6

7 36. In the diagram below, ABC = DEF. 38. In the diagram below of triangle MNO, M and O are bisected by MS and OR, respectively. Segments MS and OR intersect at T, and m N = 40. Which sequence of transformations maps ABC onto DEF? If m TMR = 28, the measure of angle OTS is a reflection over the x-axis followed by a translation a reflection over the y-axis followed by a translation a rotation of 180 about the origin followed by a translation a counterclockwise rotation of 90 about the origin followed by a translation 39. In the diagram, K and K are congruent. 37. Kelly is completing a proof based on the figure below. Which of the following is a way of transforming K into K? She was given that A = EDF, and has already proven AB = DE. Which pair of corresponding parts and triangle congruency method would not prove ABC = DEF? a rotation of 180 about the origin a clockwise rotation of 90 about the point (0, 2) a reflection across the x-axis, then a translation down 2 units a reflection across the y-axis, then a reflection across the line y = 2 AC = DF and SAS BC = EF and SAS C = F and AAS CBA = FED and ASA page 7

8 40. In the figure, m CNA = m WAN and CN = WA. What congruence statement proves CAN = WNA? 43. A trapezoid is in the third quadrant of an x-y coordinate system, as shown here: SAS ASA SSA not necessarily congruent 41. The trapezoid is reflected across the line y = x, then it is reflected across the x-axis. Which of these transformations will put it back in its original position (with the same orientation it had originally)? I. a clockwise rotation of 90 about the origin II. a reflection across the line y = x, then a reflection across the y-axis Given the diagram above, if m 6 = m 5 and m 19 = m 20, which of the following is true? III. a reflection across the line y = x, then a reflection across the x-axis line l and line a are perpendicular line m and line b are perpendicular I only I and II only II and III only I, II and III line l and line c are perpendicular line a and line c are parallel 42. The teacher sketches JOY on the board with the following specifications: m J = 2x + 11 m O = 4x + 9 m Y = x + 27 She then asks her students which side of the triangle is the shortest. Enrique answers JO, Jorge answers OY, and Stella answers JY. Which student is correct? 44. Steven purchased a box of chocolate shaped like the one shown in the diagram. The box is 12 inches tall and the area of the bottom of the box is 35 square inches. Which expression can be used to find how much chocolate the box holds? ( ) Jorge Stella Enrique no shortest side, JOY is equilateral page 8

9 Show all work. 46. Describe a sequence of transformations that will map ABC onto DEF as shown below. 45. In the diagram shown above, m 5 = 100 and m 1 = 30. Find m Given: m BAC = m BCA AD = DC Prove: BD bisects ABC Statements Reasons page 9

10 48. In the diagram below, EF intersects AB and CD at G and H, respectively, and GI is drawn such that GH = IH. 50. As graphed on the set of axes below, A B C is the image of ABC after a sequence of transformations. If m EGB = 50 and m DIG = 115, explain why AB CD. Is A B C congruent to ABC? Use the properties of rigid motion to explain your answer. 49. In the diagram below of isosceles triangle ABC, AB = CB and angle bisectors AD, BF, and CE are drawn and intersect at X. If m BAC = 50, find m AXC. page 10

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