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1

2 (075.8) : /.. ;. : -, ( ),,,,. - «-», «-,», (075.8) ,.... 2, , 2009., 2009

3 , ( ) WiFi , WiFi WiFi , WiFi, WiFi WiFi WiFi IEEE IEEE (WiMax) , WAP-. WAP-, e-port. GPRS EDGE 3G Bluetooth ,, ZigBee IEEE (ZigBee)

4 WLAN (Wireless LAN)., (,..)., IEEE IEEE , -, Ethernet. 3G 4G. -,,,. -, -.,, bluetooth,. - ZigBee -. ZigBee -. -, - USB WUSB. WUSB USB / 10. -,. -. -,, -,. -, -. 4

5 , -.,. -,,, -. LAN -,.. -,., ,, - -. ITIL, ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library), IT-. ITIL -., - -. ITIL - IT-, 5

6 . - : 1. (Service Delivery). -, (Service Management), (Capacity Management), - (Availability Management), (Cost anagement) (Contingency Management). 2. (Service Support) - (Configuration Management), (Problem Management), (Change Management), - (Software Control & Distribution), (Service Desk). :,,,,, IT-., :,,, -, -,,, -., :, -, -,,,,,.,,,, -,,. -,

7 ( ), :,,.,. -, , -, ( ). (public wireless LAN), -, Internet. -,,., -,, (hotspots). -., , -, Internet-,, -., Web , -. Web-, Web-, - 7

8 . : -,.. -, -. -,, -.,, -, -.,, (authentication, authorization and accounting, AAA; ). -,,, -, -, ( ), -,, SOHO 8

9 ( ) ( ),,,.,.,, -. -,., -,.., -., -,. : 1) ( ) -, : ( 140 / ); ( 52 / ); ( 8 / ); 2) ( ), : ; ;. 3), - : ;. - -.,., -,, -, ITU ( - 9

10 ),.., - «( )...», , - -. : - ; ; ;, ;, ; / ; , ,,. -,. -,, 8. 10

11 ,,. -.,., ( - 70 ),,. -, ( ). - ( ). - -, Internet (, - ) (<1000 ; ~1 ). -, -, ( ( ), , (downlink) [ ] (uplink) [ ] 3,7...4,2 5, ,425 ku 11,7...12,2 14,0...14,5 ka 17,7...21,7 27,5...30,5,,. -,. 11

12 ( - ), 36 50, - 50 / (32 /c). - vsat (very small aperure terminals). : - ; 4 (4/6 12/14 ); ;, ; ; ;

13 WiFi- : 1. (Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum DSSS). (Pncode Pseudo Random Noise Code) ,,,..,. 2. (Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum FHSS). -.. : -,, -,. : -., -. :,,, -. -,. -,, FHSS, -. FHSS, -. -, -. 13

14 LAN : P = D D l 2 /(4 p r 2 ), P, ; P, - ; D ( ) - ; D ( ) ; l ; p 3,14; r. -. ( ), (F ): F =10 r D/10, D. : P = D D F l 2 /(4 p r 2 ). - D = 0,3 /. F = 0,5 10.,,,. -,.. 14

15 -. ( ): = P / P., P. = DF (E/N o ) : ; - ; DF ; (E/N o ). -, , WiFi-., WiFi a 5. WiFi b 2,4...2,4835 WiFi g 2,4...2,4835 WiFi n 2,4 5. WiMax WiMax a 2 11 WiMax e 2 6 Bluetooth ,4 ZigBee ,4 -, ( 6 ). - : ( 10, 64 / ); 2,4 12 ( 50, 8 / ).,

16 . (, 300 ) - -, - (>30 ) , 5 6 (. 2),.. « ,5»,. «IEEE b IEEE g (WiFi) - 2,4 2,4835,, (Industry, Science and Medicine ISM) ,, ( ). - 2,4 -,, -., - 5 ( a), ( - )». WiFi a, 5,, b/g., -. 16

17 3. WiFi- 3.1., WiFi,,. -, -. WiFi (. Wireless Fidelity ) - Wireless LAN. WiFi Alliance - IEEE , «WiFi» «WiFi Alliance». Wireless-Fidelity ( ) HiFi.,... WEP, WPA 802.1x - -. VPN. : LAN-, WLAN-, - ; - ; ( 54 / ), - ; - ; WLAN-, -,., -,, : ;,, ; 17

18 , ; -,, WiFi WiFi -. «-» Ad-hoc Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS - ) Peer-to-Peer ( ), Ethernet, WLAN ,,. -,...,, - 18

19 , -. -, Infrastructure Mode - (. 6). -, Access Point. - BSS (Basic Service Set ) ESS (Extended Service Set ).. 6. BSS,. ESS -,.. BSS. -,. -, -., (Ethernet- ), -. 19

20 WiFi.,,,, -.,. - WiFi,.,,,. 8.,, -, ADSL- WiFi, ZyXEL P-660HTW EE. - WiFi, WiFi-, -., -,,, - WiFi, Ethernet-.. 20

21 Ethernet-., WiFi-,,, (. 9) , xdsl

22 Ethernet-,. WiFi, Ethernet-,,,. - (. 10). -, xdsl ,.,,,.,. -, Ethernet ,. 22

23 : - (, - ). - -,, -. - SSID «default», -.,!,,, -., WiFi,.. 23

24 4. WiFi IEEE RadioEthernet IEEE , (Wireless Local Area Networks), WLAN. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Ethernet-. RadioEthernet IEEE (MAC- ) (PHY). MAC (Medium Access Control)-. Ethernet, IEEE , carrier sense multiple access collision avoidance (CSMA/CA). -, ready to send (RTS).. -,. RTS clear to send (CTS)., -. (ACK). ACK,.,,,, -, ( ). -, (Access Point, AP). - (Basic Service Set, BSS). (Distribution System, DS), 24

25 .,, (Extended Service Set).,,. IEEE : ( - ) / a WLAN. 54 / b. 11 / - 2, c, d - ( ) e., -., IEEE WLAN f,,. Inter Access Point Protocol., g 2,4. 54 / 2, h , h., 5. 25

26 i (WPA2) , AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), 128, , Intel Centrino i X, TKIP AES j , n 100 / r -. IEEE , - - (IEEE), b, g a. : b 2, / / g 2, / /, / a ( ) / /, /, / b

27 2,4. ( 11 /, 1 6 / ) b, - 11 /,, -, b b a, 5 ( ISM). IEEE a - 54 /, b,, IEEE b , ( - 2,4 300, )., , b a g, - WLAN, - 2,4. - IEEE g 54 / g b b g b, g g g, n MIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output, ) - -, -, n., -, 4 4, 4 27

28 , 5-2, IEEE ISO/OSI:., - WiFi, Ethernet: TCP/IP -, -. IEEE b IEEE : (,, ),. -,, IEEE (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum, DSSS) (Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum, FHSS),,. - (Spread Spectrum, SS), -,,, -. FHSS., - -. FHSS -,, 2 /, IEEE b DSSS., - IEEE b IEEE , DSSS, (2 / ), -,. 28

29 DSSS (.. - ). -, , -,.,. 2,4 83, 14., 25.,. -, -., -, 11 / : 5,5; 2; 1 /. -, IEEE Ethernet, WiFi (Logical Link Control, LLC) - (Media Access Control, MAC). Ethernet IEEE LLC, -. MAC,,. Ethernet ( ) CSMA/CD, ( -, - ). IEEE ,.., - 29

30 , -. IEEE CSMA/CD, CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance)..,,.,,,,. -,, -. -,..,. -,, -. -, ( Request to Send/Clear to Send RTS/CTS) IEEE ,,. Ethernet -,., IEEE , -,,., -, -., Ethernet,, ( - ).,, - 30

31 - IEEE b, Ethernet., Ethernet 10 / IEEE b ( - 11 / ) -,,, -, IEEE b, Ethernet., IEEE ,, -,,,,.,,. 31

32 (WiMax) WiMAX ( Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access). WiMAX ( IEEE a) / WLAN DSL , (IEEE) , - (IEEE ) (WAN), IEEE IEEE (PAN Personal Area Network Bluetooth) ( ) / 28. OFDM 64-QAM., a e / / / 5 -

33 a e QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 20, OFDM 256, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 1, OFDM 256, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 1, DES a 50. : / /. 70 / WiMax 33

34 -, -. - T1, DSL, a -. OFDM. OFDM -.,, ,., -., -, 1,25, 20.,,,, Ethernet, -,,, , ,,. :, -,. -, 60, T1,, DSL

35 : -, -.,, - -.,. : (Convergence Sublayer CS) : ,. M - - CS, MAC (MAC Protocol Data Units PDU), ( ), - QoS. Unsolicited Grant Service (UGS), -, 1 IP. Real-Time Polling Service (rtps) -,, MPEG. Non-Real-Time Polling Service (nrtps),, - FTP. Best Effort (BE) Service - best effort. - ( - ),,,. ( ),,. ( ). : 35

36 , ; PKM (Privacy Key Management), ,,.. -,. - : DAMA TDMA. - -., - : QPSK, 16QAM 64QAM..., - QPSK, 16QAM 64QAM. -. -,. -,..,, 134,4 / 28 64QAM , - single-carrier (SC) %, %, -,. 2 11,, SC, - (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing OFDM) - (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiply Access OFDMA). 36

37 OFDM 256,, -,. OFDMA OFDM , WiMax -. -,. - - Mesh Mode,,,,,, - SC,

38 WAP-. WAP-, e-port. GPRS GPRS.,, - /. GPRS General Packet Radio Service, :,.. -., -. GPRS.,,.,. HTML-,,., GPRS -,. GPRS, -., -.. GPRS -,, -., GPRS.,,,., -. GPRS 180 /.,,, -,. -,. (LAN), Microsoft Mail, Outlook, Outlook Express, Microsoft Ex, Lotus Notes Lotus cc:mail. 38

39 . -, -,, -. - SMTP, - -, SMS SMS-. -, -, -., - -.,,., - , SMS GPRS, -.., -. -, - -, Adobe Acrobat Reader,. - -, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), telnet, http Java,., -,., GPRS, EDGE 3GSM,, -. GPRS ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) GSM. GSM (2G). GSM - TDMA (time division multiple access) - (TDMA, GSM CDMA). GSM, -, - ( - )

40 GSM -, -. GPRS, - GSM, CDMA TDMA. -. IP X.25,. - GPRS, - IP,, -. GPRS - IP X.25 GPRS. GPRS 200,. 271 /, 14,4 / /, /,, - -.,, 9,6 /. - GPRS, - ( «-»),, -,, -.,,,. -, -,,., GPRS, - GPRS., -. GPRS, - GSM. GPRS : 40

41 PCU, GSM GPRS. SGSN GSM,.,., -, -, -,. GGSN GSM,,.,. GTP GPRS, TCP/IP, IP X.25, SGSN GGSN. GPRS, GPRS - GSM,,, SGSN, SGSN GGSN, (IP X.25). GPRS -. GPRS, - GSM,, - GSM,. GSM GPRS GSM, GPRS - GSM., GPRS GSM,., SGSN, HLR SGSN (, ) -, GGSN. - (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, RADIUS) - (IP) -. «-» - 41

42 . -, QoS (Quality of Service ) (virtual private network, VPN). GPRS, -. GPRS 115 /, - ( ) GPRS. -, - -,. -, GPRS / 20 / -., GSM (14,4 / ),,.. GPRS -., - ; -, -. -,, -., GPRS, - - GSM. «-», dial-up, -,. -. GPRS,,, -, -. GPRS. -, -, - 42

43 .,. GPRS CS1 CS4. CS1 CS2, 9 13 / - -. BSS, GPRS,., GPRS., IP- GPRS, , Web-,., GPRS -, ( - - ), GSM dial-up. GPRS - -, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). WAP - -,. GPRS, GSM.,, -, (Subscriber Identity Module, SIM). HLR. GPRS -, RADIUS,. GPRS - - SGSN., - VPN (Virtual Private Network),.. GPRS GSM. : PIN- PUK-.,,. GPRS. SIM

44 . SIM-,, (SRES, Signed RESult ).. SRES,., - -,., GPRS -.,. - GPRS-.,. - ( -, ),.,,. GPRS GEA1, GEA2, GEA3 GSM., GEA1 GEA2, -. GEA3., GPRS., -., - GPRS, -., -. - ( ),,. -,,, -,.., -. - GPRS GTP (GPRS Tunneling Protocol). -., GPRS - IP- - 44

45 RFC ,... GPRS,,.,,.,. - : -. - (network address translation) DDoS-... GPRS., - (BG border gateway). -.,, GPRS. GPRS : GPRS., -,,.,, GPRS- -. -, - GPRS,. GPRS - - GPRS-. GPRS 172,2 /, ,, 45

46 - GPRS., «-» GPRS-, -., GPRS,. - GPRS -., -,,. -, - GSM Evolution (EDGE) Universal Mobile Telephone System (3GSM). GPRS, GMSK (Gaussian minimum-shift keying). EDGE -, -, 8PSK (eight-phaseshift keying). 8PSK 3GSM, -. GPRS,.,. GPRS,. -., -, - HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data, - ). HSCSD -, EDGE 3G EDGE (Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution ), / GSM- (48 / ). EDGE GPRS 46

47 , - EDGE. GSM EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for Global Evolution), 384 /. EDGE GSM - 850/900/1800/1900, GSM., - -, GSM (GPRS).,,, GPRS. - (GMSK),, (8PSK), 360º. EDGE, GPRS, - ( ). GPRS , /,. 9 - : MCS-1 MCS-9 ( -, )., EGPRS (EDGE),. GPRS EDGE - 3G 2.5G. 3G - (2G) -. 3G,, -., -,. 3G 2,048 / - ( 3 / ) 144 / ( 120 / ). 47

48 - 3G: UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems - ),, CDMA 2000 (Code Division Multiple Access ),., - 3G: (UMTS) ( CDMA CDMA 2000, CDMA 2000 IX, CDMA 2000 IX EvDo). -. UMTS, CDMA, 3G, cdm. 48

49 7. BLUETOOTH ,, Bluetooth? - PC, -,. Bluetooth -. -,., Bluetooth,,,,., -,,, Bluetooth. - Bluetooth -,, - -. Bluetooth - IrDA, (, ), ,. Bluetooth- 1. Bluetooth Bluetooth IrDA 2,

50 Bluetooth IrDA 1600, , / 0, , IEEE (, 79 ).,. Bluetooth ( ) 2,4 2,4835. : 2, 3,5. ( ) - ± GFSK (Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying) (, 23). ( ) 625 ( ). - : 100 ( 100 ; 20 ); 2 ( 10 ; 4 ) 1 (~10 ; 0 ). (0,28 0,35). 70. BER (Bit Error Rate) <0,1 %., - ( ).,.

51 . - Time-Division Duplex Multiple Access BD_ADDR ,5, 3,2. -, ±20. Bluetooth OSI, TCP/IP 802 ( Bluetooth IEEE 802). - OSI 802., :, (baseband), LMP (Link Management Protocol) L2CAP (Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol),. 13. ID, NULL, POLL, FHS, DM1 SCO ACL. DH1, AUX1, DM3, DH3, DM5 DH5 ACL. DM1, DM2 DM3 FEC 2/3 (5 10 ). HV1, HV2, HV3 DV SCO. (341 ) DH5. baseband - : LC (Control Channel) LM (Link Manager), UA (User Asynchronous), UI (User Isosynchronous) US (User Synchronous) -,., : page, page scan, inquiry, inquiry scan, master response, slave response inquiry response. Standby,. (master) (slave),. baseband : 1/3 FEC, 2/3 FEC ARQ. 1/3 FEC. 51

52 2/3 FEC ARQ DM, DH DV, baseband FIFO., (Link Controller) stop. - stop, FIFO., go. Bluetooth Bluetooth :, - inquiry page., page. 1 inquiry, -,. 1. inquiry. 2., ( ), inquiry, inquiry scan ( ). 3. inquiry response - -. inquiry, paging. 52

53 2 paging.., paging,. 1. paging. 2. ( page Scan) ( - Slave Response). 4. FHS ( Master Response) ( Slave Response). 6., - ( Master Response & Slave Response). (master) POLL,,. -. Bluetooth : Active, Hold, Sniff Park (,, ), Bluetooth Active Sniff Bluetooth. (master) -,., -. master-to-slave. -, - (sleep),, -, -. SNIFF ( ) 3 (sniff, hold park) 53

54 . 5 Hold Park HOLD, HOLD., HOLD. - ( ) PARK,. - - (AM_ADDR),,, -. - ( ) 3- (sniff, hold park)., PARK,, L2CAP, (, baseband 341 ), L2CAP -. -,,. L2CAP -, Bluetooth,. - ASL (Asynchronous Connectionless). ASL.. ASL-. - SCO (Synchronous Connection Oriented). -,,. -.,. 3 SCO, 54

55 PCM- 64 /c., basband,. L2CAP - ( - ) CID (Channel Identifier). LM (Link Manager) baseband.. 14., (. ) Bluetooth (piconet),, - 10 (. 14)....,, (scatternet). master, -., -. Bluetooth, - (master). 7 -, 255 ( ) ( ).. : 55

56 1. TDD (Time Division Duplex). 2.,. FHS-,, , - (. 14). (master) ,. 1, 3 5.,. paging state.. ID-, (device access code).. - paging 625, (ID). -. -,.,,, ( 2,56 ) - ( inquiry state). - ( FHS,,..), POLL, -., -, paging inquiry., park hold. sniff, -.,, page mode. - page scanning. 56

57 Bluetooth v1.1 13, (. 6) Bluetooth N GAP (Generic Access Profile) SDAP (Service Discovery Application Profile) CTP (Cordless Telephony Profile) GOEP (Generic Object Exchange Profile) c - ( )., 5 LAP (LAN Access Profile) LAN 6 DNP (Dial-up Networking Profile) 7 FP (Fax Profile) 8 SPP (Serial Port Profile) 9 IP (Intercom Profile) 10 HS (Headset Profile) - hands-free 11 OPP (Object Push Profile) 12 FTP (File Transfer Profile) 13 SP (Synchronization Profile) PDA 57

58 N ESDP (Extended Service Discovery Profile) A2DR (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile) AVRCD (Audio Video Remote Control Profile). 6 Plug and Play 4 BIP (Basic Imaging Profile) 5 BPP (Basic Printing Profile) 6 7 CIP (Common ISDN Access Profile) GAVDP (Generic Audio Video Distribution Profile) ISDN - 8 HFR (Hands-Free Profile) (hands-free) HCRP (Hardcopy Cable Replacement Profile) HID (Human Interface Device Profile) PAN (Personal Area Networking) 12 SAP (SIM Access Profile) SIM 5 7 IEEE ,, , -. 10, hands-free,,, ,.. 58

59 SDP (Service Description Protocol),, SDP /,. - SDP- -.. SDP, : PDU ID (1 ); TransactionID (2 ); ParameterLength ( ) - (2 ). (continuation state).,. SDP- -.,. - : InfoLength (1 ) Continuation Information (InfoLength ). (service) (entity), -. -., -., -. : (ID). ID 16-, -. - ;,.., -,. 59

60 UUID, 128-, ( )., UUID, -.., :. : (. 7). 7 Type Descriptor Size Descriptor 5-, 3-, 0, 8, Bluetooth - (LocDev) (RemDev). LocDev, -. RemDev,, LocDev., RemDev. Bluetooth, :. PIN (link key); Bluetooth-, BD_ADDR ; (Service Discovery) - : servicesearch; servicebrowse; enumerateremdev; terminateprimitive.,,.. - DM1 ( SCO 1). 1. (LM) LM 60

61 LMP., LM - (LC). LMP- (PDU). - PDU,. PDU LMP PDU LMP_comb_key 8 -. LMP_comb_key - XOR - LMP_temp_rand, LMP_temp_key, LMP_use_semi_permanent_key ;, -., - LMP LMP_clkoffset_req, LMP_clkoffset_res LMP_version_req, LMP_version_res FHS-, -,. LMP - LMP. - : VersNr ( ), CompId ( ) Sub-VersNr ( -, - Sub-VersNr RF/BB/LM) 61

62 - - LMP_feature_req, LMP_feature_res LMP_name_req, LMP_name_res LMP_detach LMP_quality_of_service, LMP_quality_of_service_req LMP_max_slot, LMP_max_slot_req LMP_supervision_timeout. 8. ID, FHS, NULL, POLL, M1 DH1,. - - LMP. 248 (UTF-8) - -., LM.,, - RTT, -. -, LMP_max_slot, -. -,

63 LMP_host_connection_req, LMP_setup_complete LMP_test_activate, LMP_test_control LMP_not_accepted. 8 -, LM, LMP_host_connection_req. -, - -, LMP_accepted LMP_not_accepted LMP PDU, radio baseband LM PDU -, - LMP_not_accepted Bluetooth 4 : BD_ADDR, AM_ADDR, PM_ADDR AR_ADDR (. 9) 9 BD_ADDR AM_ADDR PM_ADDR AR_ADDR Bluetooth LAP, 16- NAP 8- UAP 3-,, - Bluetooth 8-,. PM_ADDR, - (parked) (parked), - slave-to-master,.,, HCI (Host Controller Interface). - baseband. RS232, UART USB. HCI - 63

64 Bluetooth. HCI. (LM Link Manager), - LMP-. LM DM. HCI Policy LM. Host Controller, Baseband, Informational Status. ( RS-232) - L2CAP RFCOMM. ETSI TS RFCOMM - 60.,. HCI-. HCI, -. HCI 32 (Inquiry Complete Event, Page Scan Repetition Mode Change Event..).. 15 Bluetooth. baseband Bluetooth : CAC (Channel Access Code ), DAC (Device Access Code) IAC (Inquiry Access Code). CAC, DAC (paging). IAC. (64 ) 24- (paging). - -,

65 (18 3 = 54 ), -,. (AM_ADDR 3 ),. (4 ) (ACL, SCO, ),, -. FLOW ( ) -,. ACK ( ),. 1, -. SEQN ( ),.. -,. HEC (2 3 ). ACL. : 80, (80 3 = 240).,. SCO , 800, /c. -. (240 ). SCO-. 4 Bluetooth. -, (NULL, POLL, FHS, DM1).. ID- 64. NULL-. POLL NULL,.,.,. FHS, DM1, 65

66 .,, HV1, HV2 HV3 10, HV (High quality Voice). - DV,, CRC., Bluetooth , - (link key), -. -,. - (unit key). (combination key),. - (master key), -, (current link key)., BD_ADDR,.,., BD_ADDR. 66

67 8. ZigBee 8.1. IEEE (ZigBee) ZigBee -. - Bluetooth, -. ZigBee, -, -,.., «-» 256 /,,. ZigBee -, - («-» ),. ZigBee? ZigBee, -.,, -, -,. -, -. -,. -, ZigBee WiFi -. 67

68 Bluetooth,., IEEE , - 2,4,,, 256 / 60., ZigBee, -,, -, -.,,, -, WiMAX (IEEE ). -,, -,,. ZigBee -,, -, -,, -, -., ZigBee, : Xbee XBee-PRO.,,, «-»,,. 2, ZigBee -, : ;, ; RFID- ; M2M. ZigBee ZigBee -,.. ZigBee-, -, 68

69 , -. ZigBee 868, 915 2,4. - 2,4,, ZigBee 250 /c. - ZigBee, -. - ZigBee -,. -, ZigBee,, IEEE ZigBee ,4 / 1/ 10/2 16/5., 20 /, BPSK 40 /, BPSK 250 /, O-QPSK, 0 dbm (1 ) 0 dbm (1 ) 0 dbm (1 ) ( ) 92 dbm 92 dbm 85 dbm (16- ), 264 (64- ) ZigBee ZigBee (. 16),, -. ( MAC) - IEEE MAC- ZigBee CSMA ( ), 69

70 NWK, - APS ZigBee,,, -,..,,, -, -,., «- /»,, -,,. ZigBee -. ZigBee- (ZigBee Cluster Library) «ZigBee PRO Feature Set» - «Home Automation», - 70

71 ZigBee -,,, -,, -. - ZigBee/ : FFD- - (Full Function Device ), - (Coordinators FFD - ) RFD- (Reduced Function Device - ). ZigBee -. -, -,., ( )., -,. - ZigBee, - (FFD RFD). -,, (FFD- ), «-»,. RFD-, FFD- -., - -. ZigBee, - -. FFD. ZigBee FFD-., -,, DN, D, N. - /. : 71

72 ; (FFD), - -,.,, -. - (.. 16); RFD ZigBee.,, -., - (FFD), -., ,. - (RFD). ZigBee ( -..),.,.,. -, - ( ). 72

73 . 17. ZigBee -,, -,,.,., ZigBee PAN - PAN. - intrapan..18 ZigBee,. ZigBee - 73

74 : ZigBee, ZigBee - ZigBee. ZigBee (ZigBeeCoordinator, ZC) PAN., ZC, -. ZigBee (ZigBeeRouter) - IEEE , - ZigBee, ZigBee,. (ZigBeeEnd Device, ZED) IEEE (RFD FFD), ZigBee, - ZigBee. ZigBee : ( ).. 18, ZigBee.. 18, ZigBee ZigBee. - ZigBee XML ZigBee ZigBee ZigBee oordinator PAN IEEE ZigBee Router IEEE , ZigBee, IEEE ZigBee. Zig Bee End Device IEEE , ZigBee, ZigBee. 74

75 9. : ; ; ; ; ;. -, CiscoWorks Wireless LAN Solutions Engine (WLSE) Cisco Wireless Control System (WCS)., -. Cisco Wireless Control System Cisco Wireless Control System (WCS) -,, -, -,. Cisco WCS,, -, - Cisco Aironet Cisco WCS -,,, -,., Cisco WCS., Cisco WCS -, -. CiscoWorks. CiscoWorks,,, -. 75

76 CiscoWorks : 1. CiscoWorks, - (enterprise). : - (WAN), (LAN). - (end-to-end) Cisco - : CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution (LMS) - ; CiscoWorks Routed WAN Management Solution (RWAN) ; CiscoWorks Small Network Management Solution (SNMS) ; CiscoWorks VPN / Security Management Solution (VMS) ; CiscoWorks IP Telephony Environment Monitor (ITEM), Cisco IP Telephony IP-. 2. CiscoWorks (WLSE, WCS..) Cisco -. - Cisco IOS, -,, -,, :, : Cisco IOS ; Telnet, SSH, HTTP HTTPS; web- SDM, CRWS, CMS; SNMP 1, 2 3; RMON; NTP (Network Time Protocol). Cisco IOS,, ( - ),. 76

77 Cisco IOS -, Cisco. - Cisco IOS «Console» Hyper Terminal, Windows. Cisco IOS,, Web- Cisco Router and Security Device Manager (SDM). Cisco Router and Security Device Manager Cisco (SDM) Web- Cisco,, - VPN-. Cisco SDM Cisco IOS Cisco, Cisco Cisco SDM - - Cisco 850, 870, 1800, Cisco 1310., - Cisco Cisco SDM - Cisco -, -, WAN, WLAN,, VPN, SSL VPN, IPS QoS. - Cisco Cisco Aironet 1300, : EXPRESS SET-UP. EXPRESS SECURITY. NETWORK INTERFACES. : IP-, MAK-,.. -, -.,, AIRMAGNET Laptop, AirMagnet Laptop. 77

78 . 19. AirMagnet Laptop product - : ; ; ; ;. AirMagnet Laptop. AirWise, -, -. AirWise -,, -, - WLAN-. 78

79 HOME EXPRESS SET-UP Hostname Netlab.cc.tpu.ru Netlab.cc.tpu.ru uptime is 1 week, 4 days, 22 hours, 3 minutes EXPRESS SECURITY NETWORK MAP ASSOCIATION NETWORK INTERFACES SECURITY Network Interfaces: Summary System Settings IP Address (DHCP) IP Subnet Mask Default Gateway SERVICES MAC Address 001c e86 WIRELESS SERVICES SYSTEM SOFTWARE EVENT LOG Interface Status FastEthernet Radio G Software Status Enabled Enabled Hardware Status Up Up Interface Resets 2 1 Receive Input Rate Timespan 5 minute 5 minute. 20. Cisco Aironet

80 : (ESSID). ESSID,. ESSID - ; MAC-. MAC-, - ; WEP. RC bit ( 152 bit)., - WEP., -,, IEEE 802.1x WPA. VPA (WiFi Protected Access) WPA (WiFi Protected Access) (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol TKIP) x EAP. WPA i. WPA RADIUS Pre-Shared Key (PSK), x WPA -,. RADIUS RADIUS IEEE 802.1x,

81 .,, RADIUS, -. RADIUS - EAP, TLS, TTLS, LEAP, MD5 PEAP, - SDM., RADIUS, -, - SSID Manager. WEP-, Cisco WiFi- 81

82 : , - - ; 3G 4G; ZigBee,, -.,,. -., -, 4G. 82

83 ACL (access control list). ATM (asynchronous transfer mode). DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). DSCP (differentiated services code point) -. DSP (digital signal processing). EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) -. IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) -. IPsec IP-Security. ISDN (integrated services digital network). OSPF (Open Shortest Path First). PBX (private branch exchange) -. PoE (power over Ethernet) Ethernet. PRI (primary rate interface). PSTN (public switched telephone network). QoS (Quality of Service). RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) -. RIP (Routing Information Protocol). SIP (Session Initiation Protocol). SSID (service set identifier). TDM (time division multiplexing) -. VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) -, IP-. VPN (virtual private network). WLAN (wireless LAN). WiFi (wireless fidelity) WiFi ( ). 83

84 1...,..., -,. :, IEEE :, ,.. :..:. «- -», :, ZigBee // - -, : 6. Compliance information for 2,4GHz Cisco Systems, Inc Cisco Aironet 1300 Series Wireless Bridge. Cisco Systems, Inc

85 , /16.. XEROX.... 4, , NATIONAL QUALITY ASSURANCE ISO 9001: ,.,., 30. Te / : +7 (3822) , 85

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